Ch. 23 History T’s

B) a freewheeling economic growth and a heightened sense of individualism
What characterized the period Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover described as a New Era in 1920?
A) The dramatic growth of the socialist party
B) A freewheeling economy and a heightened sense of individualism
C) the implementation of progressive reforms in a peacetime economy
D) A narrowing of the gap between rich and poor
D) a 20% unemployment rate ( the highest to date)
Americas return to a peacetime economy in 1920 and 1921 was marked by
A) steady prices and economic well-being for most Americans
B) a narrowing of the gap between the rich and poor
C) a 3.5 % national unemployment rate (the lowest to date)
D) a 20 % unemployment rate (highest to date)
A) high tariffs to protect American businesses
In its effort to create prosperity at home the Harding administration supported
A) high tariffs to protect American business
B) nationalization of American agriculture
C) tight government regulation of industry
D) a large public works program called teapot dome
C) scandals that touched many members of his administration
President Hardings administration was characterized by
A) ongoing govt control of industry
B) financial wrongdoing on the part of the president
C) scandals that touched many members of his administration
D) an aggressive foreign policy
B) reductions in govt regulation of business
President Coolidge’s economic policy included
A) advocacy for govt regulation of corporate America
B) reductions of govt regulation of business
C) support for higher taxes for American businesses
D) pressure on the courts to prosecute companies that violated antitrust laws
D) establishing a balance of naval power among Britain France Japan and Italy
President Hardings most ambitious foreign policy initiative was
A) negotiating peace treaties with Germany Austria and Hungry that gave the US greater supervision over their affairs.
B) convincing congress to authorize $25 million to compensate Mexico for the loss of its territory in the 1840s
C) persuading England and France to forgive the reparations they wanted Germany to pay after WW1
D) establishing a balance of naval power among Britain France Japan and Italy
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B) the plan cut Germany’s annual reparations payment in half and initiated fresh American loans to Germany.
What was the purpose of the Dawes plan which was instituted in 1924?
A) the Dawes plan authorized the mobilization of US military forces to ensure that Germany would pay reparations.
B) the plan cut Germany’s annual reparations payment in half and initiated fresh American loans to Germany.
C) the plan called for the US to join the League of Nations in order to enforce the Kellogg-Briand pact
D) the Dawes plan made provisions for the US to assume Germany’s war debts in exchange for their commitment to peace
D) the automotive industry
Which industry formed the keystone of the American economy in the 1920s?
A) the housing industry
B) the steel industry
C) the banking industry
D) the automotive industry
D) a tremendous increase in business productivity and overall efficiency
The outcome of the shift toward repetitive assembly line work and specialized management divisions in the 1920s was
A) lower enrollment in college and university managerial training programs
B) a worsening of safety and sanitary conditions in American factories
C) massive layoffs of American workers in all heavy industries
D) a tremendous increase in business productivity and overall efficiency
C) the US had developed a culture in which everything hinged on money
What did the authors of “Middletown” conclude from their study of life in a small Midwestern town in the 1920s?
A) modern America was by large producing remarkably well-adjusted citizens
B) Americas basic moral and spiritual framework had been virtually untouched by rapid modernization
C) the US had developed a culture in which everything hinged on money
D) the US’s technological revolution did not lead to significant social dislocation
D) advertising
Which relatively new industry in the 1920s linked the possession of material goods to the fulfillment of spiritual and emotional needs?
A) the automotive industry
B) public relations
C) chemical manufacturing
D) advertisement
C) consumption
Which element of the American economy during the 1920s lay at the heart of its funds,entail lack of stability?
A) production
B) increasing wages
C) consumption
D) employment
D) its federal aid for infant mortality rates was the high point of women’s political influence in the 1920s
Which of the following statements describes the Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921, which gave federal assistance to states seeking to reduce high infant mortality rates?
A) the act was a first of a long string of women’s involvement in politics in the 1920s
B) it act demonstrated the political powerlessness of women
C) the act was a major achievement for women in politics as it only set a minimum wage for women which was still lower than men
D) its federal aid for infant mortality rates was the high point of women’s political influence in the 1920s
C) race riots and economic hardships
When black veterans of WW1 returned home from their deployment, they found
A) enhanced employment opportunities
B) new protections of their civil rights
C) race riots and economics hardships
D) the repeal of many Jim Crow laws
D) the era in which African American lit and art flooded New York was known as the Harlem renaissance
Which of the following describes the outpouring of African American literature and art in the 1920s?
A) the era that celebrated the *****s creative genius was known as the Negro revival
B)African American art and expression was based on earlier art styles in Euorpe that black solders observed during WW1
C) the expression of African American lit in 1920s helped eradicate racism in the north
D) the era in which African American lit and art flooded New York was known as the Harlem renaissance
D) both were mass produced and mass consumed
What did Pop Culture and consumer goods have in common in the 1920s?
A) both condemned by the Catholic Church as sinful
B) Both had become so inexpensive that most Americans could afford them
C) neither had penetrated rural areas of the US
D) both were mass produced and mass consumed
D) the game attracted players and spectators from the working class
Which of the following statements describes professional baseball in the 1920s?
A) pro baseball was dominated by college rivalries
B) games were played on weekdays when workers could not attended
C) the sport was fully integrated both on the field and in the seats
D) the game attracted players and spectators from the working class
C) college and professional football
In the 1920s Knute Rockne and Red Grange were associated with
A) Madison Avenue advertising firms
B) Calvin Coolidge’s administration
C) college and professional football
D) professional boxing
B) fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean
In 1927 Charles Lindbergh became the first person tom
A) swim the English Channel alone
B) fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean
C) drive an automobile across the US in less than a week
D) fly around the world
C) critics of American anti-intellectualism and materialism
For which group of Americans did authors Ernest Hemingway F. Scott Fitzgerald, William Faulkner, and Sinclair Lewis speak?
A) corporate America and the nations consumer society
B) their co-patricians in the Harlem Renaissance
C) critics of American anti-intellectualism and materialism
D) Republicans and supporters of prohibition
B) the source of vice, religious threats, and other assaults on traditional values
During the 1920s, rural Americans precise cities as
A) the places where the truest American values of freedom and democracy were expressed
B) the source of vice, religious threats, and other assaults on traditional values
C) potential suppliers of well-trained but cheap agricultural laborers
D) idyllic places where they might go to enjoy restaurants theater and museums
A) the widespread belief that blacks immigrants radicals feminists Catholics and Jews threatened traditional American values.
What accounted for the reemergence of the KKK in 1915?
A) the widespread belief that blacks immigrants radicals feminists Catholics and Jews threatened traditional American values.
B) the notion that African Americans were gaining equality in the world of giant corporations.
C) the belief that the govt was conspiring to subvert the fundamental rights of US citizens
D) the Belize that some apocalyptic event was about to occur and the KKK would bring salvation
B) the legality of the teaching of Darwin’s theory of evolution in Tennessee
The central issue addressed by the highly publicized Scopes trial of 1925 was
A) the KKKs right to be involved in politics at the state level
B) the legality of the teaching of Darwin’s theory of evolution in Tennessee
C) the 1920s-era conflict between fundementalistbProtestants and Catholics in America
D) the biblical evidence for human evolution from lesser primates
Scopes trial
The challenge to a state law banning the teaching of evolutionary theory
Marcus Garvey
African American leader who advocated the racial purity, established the Universal Negro Improvement Association to promote black economic and political independence and launched a “Back to Africa” movement.
Charles Lindbergh
Called the Lone Eagle, he flew “The spirit of St. Louis”
Warren Harding
Republican president’s administration that was marred by serious corruption
Calvin Coolidge
Declared as president that “the business of America is business”
Lost Generation
Group of writers and artists who felt alienated from American’s mass-culture society which they found shallow, anti-intellectual, and materialistic.
New Negro
Name created by scholar Alain Locke for what he hoped black artists and writers in Harlem in the early twentieth century would give the world
Kellogg-Briand pact
Created by the govts of American and France, signed by 50 nations who pledged to settle international disputes peacefully
Welfare capitalism
A system of improvements and benefits designed by businesses to lessen their workers loyalty to unions
Flappers
Term used for women in the 1920s who bobbed their hair, wore lipstick and rouge, and dressed in short skirts
Alfred E. Smith
New York governor and Roman Catholic Democrat who supported immigration and opposed prohibition, lost the presidential election to Republican Herbert Hoover in 1928
Johnson-Reed Act
Law passed in 1924 that both limited the overall number of immigrants to the US and set a quota on immigrants from each European country
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian anarchist immigrants whose 1927 execution reflected the anti foreign hysteria pervasive in the US during the 1920s

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