ch 13 not ap gov

Besides the United States, which other nations have congresses?
e.
Most Latin American countries only
In Great Britain’s parliamentary system, candidates for Parliament
are selected by
d.
the party.
A basic difference between a parliament such as Great Britain’s and
the U.S. Congress is that
d.
party members in a parliament vote together on most issues.
In a parliamentary system, when members of the government’s party
vote against the parliament, the leadership must
c.
dissolve the parliament and form a new government.
A basic difference between a parliament such as Great Britain’s and
the U.S. Congress is that
d.
Congress does not select a president.
If the Framers had created a parliament instead of a congress, it is
reasonable to assume that its principal function would be
e.

debate.

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The text suggests that the importance of congressional legislators,
compared with members of parliament, can best be inferred from the
a.
resources they receive while in office.
The term bicameral used to describe the U.S. legislature means that
the legislature
a.
has two chambers, or legislative bodies.
One important effect of bicameralism is that it
e.
balances large and small states.
Under the original U.S. Constitution, members of the Senate, unlike
members of the House, were selected by
c.
state legislatures.
Under the original U.S. Constitution, members of the House, unlike
members of the Senate, were selected by
c.
state legislatures.
Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution confers on Congress all
of the following powers except
a.
the power to veto bills.
The overriding political question throughout the evolution of
Congress has been the
b.
distribution of powers within Congress.
The main reason why the House dominated Congress in the first
quarter of the nineteenth century was the
e.
influence of the party caucus.
The Senate, not the House, became the crucial forum for debating the
issue of slavery because
d.
the two sides were equally matched in the Senate.
All of the following statements concerning the filibuster are correct
except:
e.
Today, it takes 75 Senators to end debate.
The purpose of a filibuster is to
b.
delay action in a legislative body.
The typical member of Congress is a(n)
d.
middle-aged, white, Protestant lawyer.
In terms of the composition of its membership, the House since 1950
has become
a.

less male and less white.

In terms of its percentage of women and nonwhite members since
1950, the Senate, compared with the House, has
a.
been slower to change.
The most important change that has occurred in the composition of
the House in this century has been the
d.
decrease in the rate of member turnover.
Being a Congressman was not regarded as career in the 1860s
because
e.
All of the above.
Serving in Congress had become a career by the
a.
1950s.
All of the following statements concerning term limits are correct
except:
e.
The Supreme Court has struck down a state law limiting terms
of members of state legislatures.
The 1992 and 1994 elections brought scores of new members to the
House because
d.
All of the above.
e.
the winner in an election gets less than 55 percent of the vote.
A marginal district is one in which
One proposed explanation for why congressional seats have become
less marginal is that
B
In the last thirty congressional elections, the gap between votes and
seats in the House is illustrated by the fact that the
a.
Republican percentage of vote has been higher than the
Republican percentage of House seats.
Since the 1980s, the conservative coalition has become less
important because
d.
many southern Democrats in Congress have been replaced by
southern Republicans.
Recent changes in the composition of members in Congress has
resulted in
c.
a more ideological and partisan House.
The anti-incumbent mood directed toward members of Congress by
voters in recent years has worked to the disadvantage of
a.
Democrats.
The explanation for congressional voting behavior that assumes
members vote to please their constituents is referred to as
a.
representational.
The explanation for congressional voting behavior that assumes
members vote to please their colleagues is referred to as
c.
organizational.
The explanation for congressional voting behavior that assumes
members vote on the basis of their beliefs is referred to as
d.
attitudinal.
One study reported in the text showed that the strongest correlation
between congressional voting and constituency opinion was in the
e.
civil rights.
A problem with the representational interpretation of congressional
voting behavior is that
b.
on many key issues, public opinion is weak or vague.
In the 1960s, the decentralization of the Senate was encouraged by
the fact that
a.
it became easier for junior senators to obtain chairmanships.
Over the past two decades, senators, compared with the average
voter, were consistently more
d.
liberal in the 1970s, conservative in the 1980s.
In recent years, American voters have political beliefs that are
c.
close to the center of the political spectrum.
In recent years, the political beliefs of members of Congress have
become
a.
more polarized than voters.
The best way to understand how Congress carries out its business is
to think of it as
c.
a collection of different kinds of organizations.
The British House of Commons differs most obviously from
Congress in the role played in it by
c.
party organization.
If you wished to study the real leadership office in the Senate, you
would most likely focus on the
b.
majority leader.
A member of the Senate has just been elected to a position that
requires him to keep the majority leader informed about the opinions
of other party members. He has just been elected
a.
majority party whip.
From the standpoint of the ambitions of a newly elected Democratic
senator, the most important element in party organization is the
a.
Steering Committee.
From the standpoint of the ambitions of a newly elected Republican
senator, the most important element in party organization is the
d.
president pro tempore.
The most important aspect of the process of selecting Senate
members for key leadership and committee positions is
d.
achieving ideological and regional balance.
The numerical superiority of House representatives over senators
d.
House leadership has more control than the Senate leadership.
Among the many powers of the House Speaker is that he or she
a.
determines the committee assignment of bills.
Compared to the Senate of the 1950s and 1960s, today’s Senate can
best be described as
a.
less party centered, less leader oriented, more hospitable to
freshmen, more heavily staffed, and more subcommittee
oriented.
Votes in Congress that evoked party splits during the 1990s were
most likely to be reflective of
c.
sharp ideological differences between parties.
________ caucuses are formed by groups whose members share a
similar ideology.
a.
Intra-party
________ caucuses form around common interests in an issue.
b.
Personal
________ caucuses are perceived by their members as representing
certain groups nationwide.
c.
Constituency
The Congressional Black Caucus is one of the best known
a.
national constituency caucuses.
A coalition of House members who support price supports for
peanuts would be most likely to label themselves a(n)
d.
constituency caucus.
Most of the power in Congress is found
a.
the committees.
Because they are usually the only ones that can report out bills, the
most important committees are the
c.
standing committees.
A member of Congress who is interested in increasing support for
the aged would be best advised to
a.
make a speech about the difficulties of the aged.
b.
send a newsletter to constituents describing the difficulties of
the aged.
c.
get her or his party to state its concern about the aged.
d.
get the House or Senate to create a select committee on the
aged.
e.
print a pamphlet or handbill on the topic.
d
Where is the real work of Congress done?
e.

In the committees in both houses

The type of committee most likely to deal with a bill near the end of
its legislative process is the
c.
conference committee.
Since the 1970s, the chairpersons of House committees have been
chosen by
e.
secret ballot.
The changes brought about by the committee bill of rights in the
early 1970s included the right to have subcommittee jurisdiction
determined by the
e.
majority party members on the committee.
The maximum number of committees that can be chaired by one
senator is
a.
one.
The text argues that the effects of congressional measures to ensure
openness are
b.
not yet clear.
A recent trend in Congress has been for the number of amendments
to proposed laws to
c.
increase, along with the number of individuals offering them.
In the Senate, committees such as Rules and Administration, Small
Business, and Veterans’ Affairs are examples of
b.
minor committees.
If you were a newly elected member of Congress interested in
becoming an expert on a particular policy and influencing your
colleagues on this policy, you would probably ask to be assigned to
the
b.
Ways and Means Committee.
Until the 1990s the most rapidly growing bureaucracy in Washington
was that of
d.
staff members of Congress.
One effect of the growth in congressional staff has been to
c.
generate more legislative work.
Increased reliance on staff has made Congress more
e.
individualistic.
If you are a committee staff member and want to know the status of a
bill, you can get the information most quickly from the
c.
Congressional Research Service (CRS).
The original purpose of the General Accounting Office (GAO) was
to perform
b.

audits of financial records.

The staff agency that advises Congress on the probable economic
effect of different spending programs and the cost of proposed
policies is the
a.
Congressional Budget Office (CBO).
Which of the following statements about the speed with which bills
move through Congress is correct?
e.
It can vary enormously.