Ch. 13

While in existence, the second Bank of the United States
was the depository of the funds of the national government
John Quincy Adams could be described as
possessing almost none of the arts of the politician
Andrew Jackson’s Democratic political philosophy was based on his
suspicion of the federal government
The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by
forcing the election into the House of Representatives
The people who proposed the exceptionally high rates of the Tariff of 1828 were
ardent supporters of Andrew Jackson who actually hoped it would be defeated
Andrew Jackson based his veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the United States
the fact that he found the bill harmful to the nation as well as unconstitutional
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The nullification crisis of 1833 resulted in a clear-cut victory for
neither Andrew Jackson nor the nullifiers
The so called Era of Good Feelings was never entirely tranquil, but even the illusion of a national consensus was shattered by the
Panic of 1819 and the Missouri Compromise of 1820
One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the United States was its
being a source of credit and stability, promoting the nation’s expanding economy
The section of the United States most hurt by the Tariff of 1828 was
the South
The House of Representatives decided the 1824 presidential election when
no candidate received a majority of the vote in the electoral college
As president, John Quincy Adams
was one of the least successful presidents in American History
The election of 1824 ended in a deadlock (i.e,. no candidate received a majority of votes in the Electoral College), as directed by the ___ amendment, the House of Representatives had to choose among the top three candidates
Texas gained its independence with
help from Americans
The new two-party political system that emerged in the 1830s and the 1840s
became an important part of the nation’s checks and balances
Innovations in the election of 1832 included
adoption of written party platforms
The presidential election of 1824
was the first one to see the election of a minority president
William Henry Harrison, the Whig party’s presidential candidate in 1840, was
made to look like a poor western farmer
President Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic because
antislavery groups in the United States opposed the expansion of slavery
The cement that held the Whig party together in its formative days was
hatred of Andrew Jackson
The person most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828 was
Daniel Webster
Andrew Jackson’s administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because
whites wanted the Indians’ lands
Andrew Jackson’s inauguration as president symbolized the
newly won ascendancy of the masses
John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a “corrupt bargain” when he appointed ___ to become ___.
Henry Clay, secretary of state
Most of the early American settlers in Texas came from
the South and Southwest
The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes was
forced removal
The Anti-Masonic party of 1832 appealed to
American suspicions of secret societies
Americans moved into Texas
after an agreement was concluded between Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin
The South Carolina state legislature, after the election of 1832
declared the existing tariff null and void in SC
The nullification crisis of 1832-1833 erupted over
tariff policy
Southerners feared the Tariff of 1828 because
this same power could be used to suppress slavery
One of the main reasons Andrew Jackson decided to weaken the Bank of the US after the 1832 election was
his fear that Nicholas Biddle might try to manipulate the bank to force its recharter
The “Tippecanoe” in the Whigs’ 1840 campaign slogan was
William Harrison
The strong regional support of the Tariff of 1833 came from
the South
The purpose behind the spoils system was
to reward political supporters with public office
Andrew Jackson’s veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the US was
a major expansion of presidential power
The nullification crisis started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828 ended when
congress passed the compromise Tariff of 1833