Ch 1: The Study of the History of Psychology

philosophy and physiology
The new discipline of psychology was the product of the union of these two disciplines.
International Society for the History of the Behavioral and Social Sciences
This organization was founded in 1969
Last quarter of the nineteenth century
Time period in which Psychology became an independent discipline
Relationships among ideas, theories, and methods
Perhaps the most valuable outcome of the study of the history of psychology is that one will learn the…
John Watson
Which psychologist burned his/her own letters, manuscripts, and research notes before s/he died?
Economic opportunities, wars, and discrimination
The three contextual forces in the history of psychology
People of Jewish decent
Julian Rotter, a leading personality theorist was told that this group of individuals “simply could not get academic jobs, regardless of their credentials.”
one of the youngest and one of the oldest
In terms of age, as a scientific discipline psychology is
Human nature
Modern psychology and ancient Greek philosophy shared an interest in the same kinds of questions about this subject matter.
Economics
The lack of jobs in academic settings for PhDs lead to a surge in the practice of applied psychology — in other words, the development of applied psychology was a direct consequence of this contextual force.
All psychologists
History ignores the work of the majority of
Simultaneous
The naturalistic view of history allows for this type of discovery
Functionalist
This school of thought deals with how the conscious mind enables and facilitates one’s adaptation to one’s environment
Humanistic
This school of thought that emphasizes the study of conscious experience and the wholeness of human nature.
History of the behavioral sciences
This journal began publication in 1965?
Thomas Kuhn
This eminent historian called the process of replacing one paradigm with another a scientific revolution.
Zeitgeist
the intellectual and cultural climate or spirit of the times
Psychoanalytic
This school of thought is distinct in its focus on the role of the unconscious in determining behavior.
Cognitive
This school of thought focuses on the processes of knowing and thus represents a return to the study of conscious processes.
Its methodology
This feature of modern psychology distinguishes the discipline from its antecedents
Data distortion
The terms ego and id, which do not precisely represent Freud’s ideas, are examples of this phenomenon of translation
American psychological association
Division 26 of this professional organization is concerned with the study of the discipline’s history.
Behaviorist
This school of thought that deals solely with observable behaviors that can be described in objective terms.
Prejudice and discrimination
According to your text, it was so difficult for Jewish psychologists to get a job that some resorted to changing their name to something that didn’t seem Jewish — a product of this contextual force.
The world wars
Industrial/organizational psychology and clinical psychology grew because of the demands created by this contextual force
Personalistic
“The man makes the times,” reflects which view of history?
Experimentation
The hallmark of psychology’s separation from philosophy was its reliance on
School of thought
A group of psychologists who become associated ideologically, and sometimes geographically, with the leader of a movement. Typically, members share a theoretical or systematic orientation and investigate similar problems.
Structuralist
This school of thought deals with conscious experience as it is dependent on the experiencing person
Gestalt
This school of thought focuses on learning and perception and emphasizes the combination of elements to produce new patterns.
Cohesiveness and common grounds
Psychology is marked by diversity and divisiveness, but studying its history provides these characteristics
Naturalistic
This theory suggests that the times make the person.
Historiography
techniques and principles employed in historical research
Personalistic theory
view that progress and change in scientific history are attributable to the ideas of unique individuals