Ch.1 The Sociological Point of view

Symbolic interaction
interaction between people that takes place through the use of symbols
a systematic explanation of the relationship among phenomena
Karl Marx
the sociologist who believed that the economy influences social structure
Functionalist perspective
theoretical perspective that views society as a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system.
Social psychology
Social science taught in both the psychology and sociology departments
A positive consequence an element of society has for the stability of society.
social darwinism
model of society based on survival of the fittest
Emile Durkheim
First sociologist to apply the systematic methods of science to study society
anything that stand for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it.
Social science closest to sociology in its subject matter
Herbert Spencer
Popularized the evolution theory and applied principles of biology to it
theoretical perspective
general set of assumptions about the nature of phenomena
Ideal type
a description comprimised of the essential characteristics of a feature of society.
Manifest function
intended and recognized consequence of some element of society
functionalist perspective
theoretical perspective that follows the tradition of Herbert Spencer and Emile Durkheim
Auguste Comte
Person considered to be the founder of sociology
observable fact or event
Max Weber
Sociologist who developed the concept of the ideal type
Elements of society that can be manifest or latent
symbolic interaction
Theoretical perspective that emphasizes the use of symbols
The discipline that studies society and social behavior.
the empathetic understanding of the meaning others attach to their actions
social science
any discipline that studies some aspect of society
Charles Darwin
Herbert Spencer was influenced by his work
Conflict perspective
The theoretical perspective that focuses on the forces in society that promote competition and change.
The concept of Verstehen was introduced by this sociologist
interactionist perspective
The theoretical perspective that focuses on how individuals interact with one another in society.
conflict sociologists
What type of sociologist would be interested in studying the differences in the salaries of men and women?
latent function
Is an unintended recognized consequnce of an element in society.
Social interaction
How people relate to one another and influence each others behavior is called.
Feminist perspective
Viewing society as as a sex/gender system in which men dominate women.
Negative an element has for the stability of the social system.