Ch. 1 Intro to Government

state
a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws
nation
a sizable group of people who are united by common bonds of race, lanuage, custom, tradition, and sometimes religion
sovereignty
government free from external control
government
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
social contract
the notion that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others
constitution
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
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politics
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
autocracy
a system of government in which the power are in the hands of a single individual
democracy
Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representative
Constitutional Republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them based on laws set forth in a written document
laissez-faire
the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
confederacy
a loose union of independent states
economics
the study of human efforts to satisfy seemingly unlimited wants through the use of limited resources
political party
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government and determin public policy
preamble
a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
consensus
agreement in the judgment or opinion reached by a group as a whole
federal system
a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
constitutional law
law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
democratic socialism
political system in which the government takes over the means of production peacefully; people retain basic human rights and partial control over economic planning
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of capital