ccp unit 2

define two-year college
a regional higher education offering certificates and two-year degrees for professional subjects. Two year colleges usually cost less than four-year college and are open enrollment that don’t consider past grades for admissions.
define four-year college
an institution of higher learning that grants bachelor’s degrees and sometimes master’s degrees and doctorates. Four-year colleges typically offer a larger array of programs and have more campus activities than two-year colleges as well as offering opportunities to live on campus
example of four-year college
college and university
explain the programs that a community college offers and the types of education students can receive at a community college
-explore careers
-earn a certificate or associate’s degree
-improve gpa
complete ge requirements
what are the four main differences between universities and liberal arts colleges?
1. private and have small enrollment
2. focus on undergraduate study
3. broad range in courses in liberal arts
4. provide small selection of graduate programs
what does a four-year college usually offer?
-dynamic campus life
-large athletic program
-work on campus
-expert professors
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what are the major distinctions between a two year college and a four-year college?
two-year = convenience, many scheduling options, college and career exploration
four-year = in-depth coursework, competitive admission, on-campus housing
what is the purpose of a vocational school?
giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job and a license in less than two years
explain six advantages that a vocational school offers
1.hands-on training
2. experienced instructors
3. short duration
4. specific job knowledge
5. cost efficiency
6. flexible schedule
many people have a natural talent or quality that they can strengthen by enrolling in a vocational program. list three of these qualities
1. physical ability
2. critical-thinking skills
3. interpersonal skills
what is one aspect of a vocational school that might be considered a negative?
specific job knowledge
explain the two types of undergraduate degrees you can earn at a four-year college.
associate- degree received after completing a two-year program
bachelor- the degree received after completing a four-year program
define specialization as it relates to four year college majors
you specialize in a certain field after the four-years
list the three types pf course requirements a student needs to complete to earn a bachelor’s degree
1. general education
2. major
3. elective
what are the five subject areas most four-year colleges expect a student to complete in general education requirements? approximately how many general education courses does a student have to complete?
1. literacy
2. mathematics
3. humanities, fine arts, and social and behavioral sciences
4. natural sciences
5. world languages
what are major requirements? approximately how many required major courses does a student have to complete?
a course requirement specific to the field of study that a student chooses at a four-year college. (22 courses, 66 credit hours)
what is the purpose of elective courses? how many elective courses do colleges typically require a student to take!
these courses allow students to explore personal interests that could lead to a minor ( 6 required)
what is a minor? are minors required to earn a bachelor’s degree?
a secondary focus of study in a specific subject or career field. minors are NOT required to earn a bachelors
what is the difference between a transfer associate’s degree and a career associate’s degree?
transfer degree: associate of arts
associate of science
career degree: associate of applied science
associate of business administration
what is the purpose of taking a certification program?
leading to a certificate rather than a degree or a diploma
where can you take a certification program?
vocational school
explain why some certified professionals need a license to practice their jobs. give two examples.
they deal with the public. ex plumber & architect
what is the purpose of doing an apprenticeship?
you earn wages while you learn a skilled profession in a specific field
what is the main benefit of doing an apprenticeship?
on-the-job training supervised by a trade professional
how long does it typically take to complete an apprenticeship?
1-4 years
what is a school-to-work system?
an education and career-focused opportunity that exposes students to potential careers by combing classroom instruction with on-the-job training
define college entrance requirement
a piece of information that a college uses to make admissions decisions. requirements include personal information, courses taken, performance scores, a personal statement, letters of recommendation, community service, participation in extracurricular activities, and an interview
what are the usual entrance requirements for community colleges and vocational schools?
complete the application and you will be admitted to the school
why do two-year colleges look at your transcript?
to learn what courses you’ve completed and then they can place you in courses that are in line with your knowledge of each subject
why do four-year colleges look at your transcript?
review to make sure that you’ve completed appropriate courses to meet their entrance requirements and to evaluate academic performance
subject area and years required
English = 4
math = 3
science = 3
social studies = 3
arts = 2
world language = 2
pe = 0
electives = 1
why do colleges look at your standardized test scores?
colleges want to see how well you did in your classes as an individual as well as in comparison with your classmates and students worldwide
what is the purpose of a personal statement?
the personal statement and interview give colleges a chance to understand why you chose to apply to their school and what you plan to do with your degree
who should write a letter of recommendation?
a teacher, academic advisor, or someone who has seen you grow up