Flashcards

Know the capitals of Georgia Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Milledgeville, and Atlanta. James Oglethorpe (22 December 1696[1] – 30 June 1785) was a British general, Member of Parliament, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia. As a social reformer, he hoped to resettle Britain’s poor, …

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***NOTE*** Federalism is not a fixed principle for allocating power between the national and state governments, but rather a principle that has changed over time in response to political needs and partisan ideology Federalism has passed through several district changes over the course of history …

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a lawmaking body legislature Why did the British decide to tax the 13 colonies? Because Great Britain was deeply in debt. How did the colonists feel about the taxation? They were furious. They did not believe they should be taxed without approval. (No taxation without …

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peso de ocho silver from the new world was mined into this globally accepted currency that connected major trade systems. first globally used currency. Manila Spanish colony that connected the new world with Asian markets allowing most of the new worlds silver to end up …

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Old Regime the political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution. Estates one of the three social classes in France before the French Revolution-the First Estate consisting of the clergy; the Second Estate,of the nobility; and the Third Estate, of the …

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Covenant Community A covenant community is a religious group whose members bind themselves to one another and to the group by a solemn agreement called a covenant Direct Democracy Form of government in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, as opposed to a representative …

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monsoon Seasonal winds in the Indian Ocean caused by the differences in temperature between the rapidly heating and cooling landmasses of Africa and Asia and the slowly changingocean waters. These strong and predictable winds have long been ridden across the open sea by sailors, and …

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Alfred Thayer Mahan a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I. Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a …

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Lincoln’s Plan Also known as 10% plan, it was the most lenient of all reconstruction plans, with the objective of getting the Southern states back in as quickly as possible 13th Amendment Amendment that abolishes slavery Freedmen’s Bureau Welfare agency set up to help newly …

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Olmecs – 1200-400 BC – A member of a prehistoric people inhabiting the coast of Veracruz and Western Tabasco on the Gulf of Mexico – Established what was probably the first Meso-American civilization. Mayans – 300 and 900 CE – A member of an American …

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Thomas Malthus Author of Essay on the Principle of Population (1798) who claimed that population grows at an exponential rate while food production increases arithmetically, and thereby that, eventually, population growth would outpace food production. “Iron Law of Wages” David Ricardo formulated the iron law …

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What was the average age of a Civil War soldier? 26 What were the age limits of a Civil War soldier 18 and 29 T/F: Many soldiers were volunteers T What were some technological advances during the war? telegraph, trains transported people and equipment, ironclad …

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Belize shares a border with Mexico? True Puerto Rico is touched by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. True Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala lie most of the Mayan ruins. True ____shares a border with mexico Guatemala and Belize Which …

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desist to spontaneously stop commiting crime developmental theories theories that attempt to explan the ‘natural history’ of a criminal carrer: its onset, the course it follows and its termination life course theories theories reflecting the view that criminality is a dynamic process, influneced by many …

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Continental Congress the legislative assembly composed of delegates(well educated aristocrats) from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution; they issued the Declaration of Independence and framed Articles of Confederation 1st congress- 1774 -55 delegates drew up the Declaration of rights and …

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The principle of crosscutting relationships states that a disrupted pattern is older than the cause of disruption. True By the principle of____, the surface feature known as the Grand Canyon is____ than the sedimentary formations that are exposed in the side walls of the Grand …

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Participants who are involved after the commission of a crime are guilty of a? Separate, less serious offense. Criminal liability is imposed on accomplices and accessories because they? Participated in Crimes. Participants before and during the commission of crimes are? Guilty of the crime itself. …

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Based on the information provided by this map, where did Abraham’s journey originate? answer : Mesopotamia People do not often create records for the benefit of historians. They produce them for other reasons…. answer : evidence that can be biased Which concept is essential to …

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1895 -1908 “early cinema” Rapid development and experimentation in filmaking before hollywood era. In U.S, massive industrialization attracted large numbers of immigrants & rural americans to urban centers where movie industry found it’s audience. Beginning of cinema history: Lumiere brothers. Stylistically: Beginning of continuity, varying …

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Columbian Exchange The global transfer of living things; began with Columbus’ first voyage Jamestown Virginia Company’s settlement; named for their king Puritans Religious group that felt the church had kept too much catholic ritual; wanted to “purify” the church my eliminating all traces of Catholicism …

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The ________ period was a time of major extinctions, including 75 percent of amphibian families. Permian During the early Paleozoic era, South America, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, India, and perhaps China comprised the vast southern continent of ________. Gondwanaland The most common Precambrian fossils are ________, …

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Which two major types of data are contained in the health record? A. Nursing and physician B. Administrative and clinical C. Demographic and financial D. Surgical and medical B. Administrative and clinical Which of the following terms refers to state or county regulations that healthcare …

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What were some characteristics of basic pre-Islamic religion? the native religion worshipped many gods and was one with nature. How did the religion take shape under Muhammad? Was Islam universally accepted from the beginning? Why or why not? Islam was not universally accepted at first …

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Hannibal fought Rome moving from Spain through Alps; met head on at Cannae in Italy but forced back to Carthage Etruscans influential on Rome; made it a city; togas; organization of army; overthrown by Romans Plebeians small farmers/merchants/craftspeople who wanted political and social equality with …

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Intimacy emotional connection. NOT the same as sex. Sex is an expression of intimacy and is sometimes connected. NOT selfish. about the other person. collectivist cultures intimacy individuals define their identity in terms of relationships they hold with others. looking out for the good of …

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Linguistic anthropologists are well known for studying material culture False The scientific method is an empirical research method in which data are gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, and conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original hypothesis True Artifacts …

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Aztec Empire Major state that developed in what is now Mexico in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; dominated by seminomadic Mexica, who had migrate into the region from northern Mexico. Benin Territorial state that emerged by the fifteenth century in the region that is now …

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Why was 1876 an important year for America? 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence Who ran for President in 1876? What were their political parties? An “irony” is something you don’t expect, something that doesn’t seem to fit. What was the irony of history …

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“Elizabethan Settlement” Term applied to English parliamentary laws passed early in Elizabeth’s reign that required conformity to the Church of England and uniformity of church worship. Puritans Staunch protestants who agreed with the Anglican creed, but not the ceremonies and practices. They wanted to purify …

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Luther’s Ninety-five Theses objected primarily to the idea that people could skip confessing their sins if they bought an indulgence For Zwingli, the Eucharist was an important commemoration of Christ’s historical sacrifice on the cross “Institutes of the Christian Religion” John Calvin’s most famous theological …

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Mud slinging Making malicious often untrue charges against an opponent Spoils System Practice of appointing people to government positions on the basis of party loyalty Pocket Veto Killing a bill by taking no action on it and waiting for congress to adjourn Nullification Making null …

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jazz The most democratic music ever to evolve, and one which is indigenous to the United States is true In present-day America, we are conditioned to hearing music as an accompaniment to daily life. true Most jazz musicians agree that writing down an exact jazz …

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mr. jones who owns manor farm? alcoholic what problem does he have? the pig leader who is old major? he wanted to share his dream why does old major assemble the animals? the 7 commandments list the ideals outlined by old major that should occur …

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Charlemagne Ruler of the Western European empire. Received an albino elephant from Harun al-Rashid. Grandson of Charles Martel, he fought Muslims in a fruitless campaign to restore Christian rule in Northern Spain. He temporarily reestablished centralized imperial rule in a society disrupted by invasion and …

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Instrumental Music music that lacks vocals Melody is the sequential arrangement of the notes of the scale into a coherent patter The Texture ” “of music arises out of the sum total of all the different sounds you hear – the number and kind of …

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Renaissance Improving the individual through education and classics Protestant Christian that broke away from the Catholic Church during Reformation Reformation Protestants wanting to change the Catholic Church Huguenots French Protestant Inquisition Catholic Church that triedProtestants Secularism Non-religious study Individualism Rebirth of classic culture and education …

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Which of these events occurred earliest in the history of Earth? Formation of Oxygen Which of these events occurred most recently in the history of Earth? First Humans Which of these events occurred during the Paleozoic? Colonization of land by plants Which of the following …

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Bedouin Nomadic pastoralists of the Arabian peninsula; culture based on camel and goat nomadism; early converts to Islam. Shaykhs (sheiks) Leaders of tribes and clans within bedouin society; usually men with large herds, several wives, and many children Muhammad Prophet of Islam; born c. 570 …

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John Wycliffe (4.04) In the 1370s, English theologian and philosopher John Wycliffe began to attack some of the beliefs and practices of the Church. Wycliffe had three main criticisms. First, he objected to the wealth of many clergy members, arguing that the Church, led by …

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Christopher Columbus Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506). Los Indios Indians October 12, 1492 Date in which Columbus landed on the coast of America. Colony/Colonies A land that is controlled by …

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Congo Square a place where slaves were permitted to dance, now called Louis Armstrong Park, danced in ring-shouts Minstrel show developed before the Civil War. White performers would wear black makeup and mimic and ridicule the slave population, replaced by Vaudeville by 1900 Work songs …

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analogy -think analogous -critical in reconstructing phylogenies -no common ancestry binomial -Linnaeus instituted a two-part format for Latin scientific names -italicized -consists of the genus name and the specific epithet clade -includes an ancestral species and all of its descendants cladistics -approach to systematics -common …

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Causes of World War I Set of secret alliances Large military build up among the word powers Arguments over colonies What was America’s initial reaction to World War I? remain neutral What event brought America into World War I? New German submarine attacks (Lusitania) What …

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The Annunciation, Nativity, and Adoration of the Shepard Nicola Pisano, Pisa Pulpit Baptistery, 1259-1260, Marble Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets Cimabue, 1280-1290, tempura on wood, Uffizi Florence. Madonna Enthroned Giotto di Bondone, 1310, Tempera on wood, Uffizi Florence. … Giotto Arena Chapel ( Capella …

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Crimes against persons include assault, robbery and the threat of nonphysical harm. true A homicide in which the offender wanted to physically hurt the victim but did not mean to kill the victim is categorized as __________. second degree murder Crime statistics show that arson …

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land reform under the Tang Dynasty resulted in stronger central government under the Tang and Song dynasties, China’s two min classes were the gentry and the peasantry China under the Tang dynasty built a sizable empire what was usually true about the role of women …

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The process of advising a patient about treatment options is known as a. patient consent. b. treatment consent. c. applied consent. d. informed consent. d. informed consent Sally Smith is admitted to Sunny Valley Hospital wearing a diamond ring. This should be documented on the …

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Key Concept 1.1 Big Geography and the Peopling of the Earth -Archaeologists have found evidence that these people travelled around in small, foraging bands that were basically egalitarian. Because they had no consistently reliable source of food, they were almost always on the move. Key …

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CA. 1210 BCE Joshua and the conquest of the promised land CA. 1210-1025 Period of the Judges CA. 1025 BCE Beginning of the united monarchy (Son David Solemon) 922 BCE The Divided Monarchy 722 BCE A Syrian destruction of Israel (the north) 586 BCE Babylonian …

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Beer Egypt and Mesppotamia Social Consumed by everyone Rich and Poor Used as religious ceremonies Neolithic Period Beer was a reason for people to adopt agriculture It was a discovery rather than an invention Purposes Social drink from a shared vessel Edible Money: Solid and …

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