Flashcards

Government A group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area. Constitution A system of basic rules and principles by which a government is organized. It also identifies the powers a government has. Limited government government structure …

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Statues of Votive Statues Period: Unit 2 Ancient Mediterranean Medium: Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone Artist: Unknown Patron: Unknown Date: 2700 B.C.E Location: Sumeria Form: Stylized structure, Function: To take the place of a person to worship in the eyes of the gods …

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Describe the structure and function of arteries and veins. The heart pumps freshly oxygenated blood through the arteries to all body tissues. Artery walls are strong, tough, and tense to withstand pressure demands; contain elastic fibres, which allow their walls to stretch with systole and …

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What was the Geocentric Theory? Aristotle’s and Ptolemy’s belief that the Earth was an immovable object located at the center of the universe What did Christianity teach about the universe? God placed the Earth at the center of the universe so life could occur What …

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Columbium Exchange Exchange of goods between Europe and the Americas Explode The job that Lewis and Clark had in the newly acquired territories Monroe Doctrine Warned Europeans powers not interfere with problems in the Western Hemisphere Boston Tea Party Colonists disguised as “Indians” dumped tea …

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Iron curtain -The imaginary boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas -symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite from open contact with the west and and non-Soviet controlled areas Marshall plan -Believed that communism was only successful in countries that …

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nation that had the most people emigrate after WW1 russia there were 3 of these, over a period of over 800 years diasporas this migration was the result of religious forced resettlement muslim hindu one of the few migrations that spread a religion from India …

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American Indian culture had a different view of land ownership than did Europeans in that they thought. They owned the use of the land but not the land itself. American Indian cultures Established trade networks and communication over relatively large areas. Which of the following …

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Jim Crow Black rights were stripped from them. They were denied the right to vote, there were 3 ways that helped them deny their voting rights 1) Poll Tax 2) Grandfather Clause 3) Literacy Tests Plessy vs. Ferguson Case dealt with segregation, they said if …

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white man’s burden belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples virtu characterized as having vitality or being a “universal man” laissez-faire state should not regulate the economy Duma legislative assembly created by Czar Nicholas II in Russia Triple Entente alliance between …

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The Civilization of Islam Islam means “submission” became a global civilization through conquest and conversion, a “kingdom of faith,” creating a loosely structured cultural and political empire Arabs lived on Arabian peninsula, coexistent but not living with the Sasanid Persians or Byzantine Empire people pastoralists …

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Crafting Historical Arguments from Historical Evidence: *Argumentation* Can you identify and analyze another writer’s thesis? Can you craft an effective and persuasive thesis of your own? Crafting Historical Arguments from Historical Evidence: *Use of Evidence* Can you weigh and measure the strengths and weaknesses of …

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he three religions that were born in the Near East that dominate today’s Western world are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Jews and Christians used ———- for burials and funerary ceremonies, not as places of worship. Catacombs The Roman ——— provided the basic design for Christian …

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Imperialism A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially. Occurred throughout most of Africa Boer war Boers where Dutch settlers, to African land. War was between British and boers. Boers launched commando raids and used guerrilla tactics. …

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Tigris and Euphrates Rivers that flow south from modern-day Turkey through what is now Iraq to empty into the Persian Gulf Mesopotamia Greek word meaning “between rivers”, “the cradle of civilization” Fertile Crescent Overlaps with Mesopotamia but also includes an area to the west, along …

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When hiring, employers are most likely influenced by an applicant’s oral communication skills (speaking and listening) In the speech communication process, anything that blocks or hinders the communication of a message is called interference A speech, says management consultant David W. Richardson, takes place in …

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Know the capitals of Georgia Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Milledgeville, and Atlanta. James Oglethorpe (22 December 1696[1] – 30 June 1785) was a British general, Member of Parliament, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia. As a social reformer, he hoped to resettle Britain’s poor, …

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***NOTE*** Federalism is not a fixed principle for allocating power between the national and state governments, but rather a principle that has changed over time in response to political needs and partisan ideology Federalism has passed through several district changes over the course of history …

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a lawmaking body legislature Why did the British decide to tax the 13 colonies? Because Great Britain was deeply in debt. How did the colonists feel about the taxation? They were furious. They did not believe they should be taxed without approval. (No taxation without …

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peso de ocho silver from the new world was mined into this globally accepted currency that connected major trade systems. first globally used currency. Manila Spanish colony that connected the new world with Asian markets allowing most of the new worlds silver to end up …

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Tributary State independet state that has to acknowledge the supremacy of another state and pay tribute to him Pagoda A multistoried temple with eaves that curve up at the corners Sui Wendi reunited North and South China, founder of Sui dynasty, encouraged economical and political …

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What was Earth’s early atmosphere like? It contained little or no oxygen What does Miller and Urey’s experiment tell us about the organic compounds needed for life? It could have appeared from simpler compounds on an ancient Earth You just read that life arose from …

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Old Regime the political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution. Estates one of the three social classes in France before the French Revolution-the First Estate consisting of the clergy; the Second Estate,of the nobility; and the Third Estate, of the …

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Humanism An intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics Humanities Study of subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history, that were taught in ancient Greece and Rome Florence A city in the Tuscany region of northern …

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Covenant Community A covenant community is a religious group whose members bind themselves to one another and to the group by a solemn agreement called a covenant Direct Democracy Form of government in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, as opposed to a representative …

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monsoon Seasonal winds in the Indian Ocean caused by the differences in temperature between the rapidly heating and cooling landmasses of Africa and Asia and the slowly changingocean waters. These strong and predictable winds have long been ridden across the open sea by sailors, and …

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Alfred Thayer Mahan a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I. Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a …

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Lincoln’s Plan Also known as 10% plan, it was the most lenient of all reconstruction plans, with the objective of getting the Southern states back in as quickly as possible 13th Amendment Amendment that abolishes slavery Freedmen’s Bureau Welfare agency set up to help newly …

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S Social P Politicial I Interactions between humans and the environment C Cultural E Economic Social Gender roles Social Family Social Race/Ethnicity Social Social Class Political State-building Political Expansion, and conflict Political Nations Political Kingdoms, empires, nation-states Interaction Between Humans and the Enviornment Hunters, fishers, …

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Olmecs – 1200-400 BC – A member of a prehistoric people inhabiting the coast of Veracruz and Western Tabasco on the Gulf of Mexico – Established what was probably the first Meso-American civilization. Mayans – 300 and 900 CE – A member of an American …

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Thomas Malthus Author of Essay on the Principle of Population (1798) who claimed that population grows at an exponential rate while food production increases arithmetically, and thereby that, eventually, population growth would outpace food production. “Iron Law of Wages” David Ricardo formulated the iron law …

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What was the average age of a Civil War soldier? 26 What were the age limits of a Civil War soldier 18 and 29 T/F: Many soldiers were volunteers T What were some technological advances during the war? telegraph, trains transported people and equipment, ironclad …

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desist to spontaneously stop commiting crime developmental theories theories that attempt to explan the ‘natural history’ of a criminal carrer: its onset, the course it follows and its termination life course theories theories reflecting the view that criminality is a dynamic process, influneced by many …

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Continental Congress the legislative assembly composed of delegates(well educated aristocrats) from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution; they issued the Declaration of Independence and framed Articles of Confederation 1st congress- 1774 -55 delegates drew up the Declaration of rights and …

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Belize shares a border with Mexico? True Puerto Rico is touched by both the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. True Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala lie most of the Mayan ruins. True ____shares a border with mexico Guatemala and Belize Which …

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The principle of crosscutting relationships states that a disrupted pattern is older than the cause of disruption. True By the principle of____, the surface feature known as the Grand Canyon is____ than the sedimentary formations that are exposed in the side walls of the Grand …

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Participants who are involved after the commission of a crime are guilty of a? Separate, less serious offense. Criminal liability is imposed on accomplices and accessories because they? Participated in Crimes. Participants before and during the commission of crimes are? Guilty of the crime itself. …

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Columbian Exchange The global transfer of living things; began with Columbus’ first voyage Jamestown Virginia Company’s settlement; named for their king Puritans Religious group that felt the church had kept too much catholic ritual; wanted to “purify” the church my eliminating all traces of Catholicism …

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The ________ period was a time of major extinctions, including 75 percent of amphibian families. Permian During the early Paleozoic era, South America, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, India, and perhaps China comprised the vast southern continent of ________. Gondwanaland The most common Precambrian fossils are ________, …

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Based on the information provided by this map, where did Abraham’s journey originate? answer : Mesopotamia People do not often create records for the benefit of historians. They produce them for other reasons…. answer : evidence that can be biased Which concept is essential to …

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1895 -1908 “early cinema” Rapid development and experimentation in filmaking before hollywood era. In U.S, massive industrialization attracted large numbers of immigrants & rural americans to urban centers where movie industry found it’s audience. Beginning of cinema history: Lumiere brothers. Stylistically: Beginning of continuity, varying …

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Which two major types of data are contained in the health record? A. Nursing and physician B. Administrative and clinical C. Demographic and financial D. Surgical and medical B. Administrative and clinical Which of the following terms refers to state or county regulations that healthcare …

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What were some characteristics of basic pre-Islamic religion? the native religion worshipped many gods and was one with nature. How did the religion take shape under Muhammad? Was Islam universally accepted from the beginning? Why or why not? Islam was not universally accepted at first …

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Hannibal fought Rome moving from Spain through Alps; met head on at Cannae in Italy but forced back to Carthage Etruscans influential on Rome; made it a city; togas; organization of army; overthrown by Romans Plebeians small farmers/merchants/craftspeople who wanted political and social equality with …

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Intimacy emotional connection. NOT the same as sex. Sex is an expression of intimacy and is sometimes connected. NOT selfish. about the other person. collectivist cultures intimacy individuals define their identity in terms of relationships they hold with others. looking out for the good of …

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Hippocrates Father of medicine; observation of human body without dissection Leonardo da Vinci studied the human body William Harvey pioneer physiologist; described circulatory system Gabriele Fallopius discovered oviducts Bartolommeo Eustachio discovered the Eustachian tube (ear to throat) van Leeuwenhoek invented microscope Laennec invented stethoscope Joseph …

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Linguistic anthropologists are well known for studying material culture False The scientific method is an empirical research method in which data are gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, and conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original hypothesis True Artifacts …

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Hieroglyphs The character in a writing system based on the use of pictograms or ideograms. In ancient Egypt, hieroglphics were largely used for monumental inscriptions, The symbold depict people, animals and objects pharaoh the title of the ancient Egyptian kings harappa a village in Pakistan: …

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Aztec Empire Major state that developed in what is now Mexico in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; dominated by seminomadic Mexica, who had migrate into the region from northern Mexico. Benin Territorial state that emerged by the fifteenth century in the region that is now …

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Skyscraper a very tall building with many stories Central Park a large park in New York City that was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted Louis Sullivan United States architect known for his steel framed skyscrapers and for coining the phrase ‘form follows function’ (1856-1924) Brooklyn …

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