Flashcards

Niccolo Machiavelli Italian Renaissance writer, described government in the way it actually worked (ruthless). He wrote The Prince (the end justifies the mean). humanism the doctrine emphasizing a person’s capacity for self-realization through reason Northern Renaissance the movement in Art in Germany and Flanders that …

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Antipsychotic that can causes parkinsonian like features. Phenothiazine Haloperidol Trifluoperazine fluphenazine Mental retardation with chewed tips of fingers and portion of lower lip. Serum uric acid is increased. Decreased hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase Marphans Fibrillin-1 No increase in detectable serum glucose but increase in hepatic glycogen Glucose …

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What were some Roman contributions to western civilization? alphabet, division of the year into twelve months( calendar), Christian church, democratic republic, and a legal system What did the Romans value more: good government and military prowess, or cultural and artistic achievements? good government and military …

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Who were the first European sea-faring nation desiring to trade with China who arrived in 1514? Portuguese The Portuguese base of operations in China, granted when they arrived in China, was on this territory. Macao Which Chinese dynasty sent a fleet far into the Indian …

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Define imperialism -a seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country Although Europeans had formed contacts with Africa, large African armies were successful in keeping Europeans out of most of Africa for 400 years. In fact, in 1880, what percentage of land in …

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Sarajevo Administrative center of the Bosnian province of Austrian Empire; assassination there of Arch-duke Ferdinand in 1914 started World War I Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I. Western Front A line of trenches and fortifications …

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Which Chinese emperor established an imperial academy where potential officials were trained as scholars with an emphasis on Confucian teachings? Wu Di Which of India’s four ranked classes (varna) became more associated with trade and artisanship over time? Vaisya It is estimated that in the …

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pharaoh A ruler of ancient Egypt. Hatshepsut 1480 BC this Queen came to power during the New Kingdom, forced ruling with her husband and then on behalf of her stepson, Thutmose III. Had herself crowned pharaoh. Wore false beard, usually worn by kings. Built great …

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Why did America get involved with Vietnam? To prevent the unification of Vietnam When did America get involved with Vietnam? 1964-1972 What is the NLF? National Liberation Front, US-imposed Saigon government, enacting significant social changes, like land reform and promising greater self control for the …

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tariff a tax on foreign goods imported into a country interest an extra sum of money that borrowers have to repay creditors in return for a loan strict construction a belief that the government should not do anything that the constitution does not specifically say …

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living things are made up of basic units called . . . cells living things are based on a universal. . . code living things grow, develop, and . . . reproduce living things respond to their . . . as they mature environment living …

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Causes of the french revolution •american revolution •enlightment ideas •divisons •economic problems Enlightenment Age of reason Louis XVI He was the king at the start of the French Revolution; he was weak and indecisive Marie antoinette Queen of France wife of Louis XVI she was …

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In what ways did the Industrial Revolution shape the character of nineteenth century European imperialism? •Need for raw materials found in other parts of the world •Markets to sell goods •Investment and profit opportunities would decrease class conflict •Better technology and weapons What contributed to …

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Temple of Minerva – 510 BCE Period: Rome, Etruscan Function: worship Material: mud & wood -sculpture on roof, not in pediment -steps & columns are only in front -cella = 3 rooms w/a door each, goes to edges of stylobate -mixture of doric/ionic = tuscan …

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau Political philosopher who argued that government should represent the general will of the people. Baron Charles de Montesqueiu Advocated for a government where power is separated into judicial, executive, and legislative branches as a way to protect against tyranny. John Locke Argued that …

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Cultural Diffusion The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another Homo Sapiens Modern Humans Africa Continent where Homo Sapiens emerged South America Continent where Homo Sapiens migrated LAST Adaptations to environment Igloos Caves Mud Huts Grass Huts Paleolithic Age Old Stone …

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Otto von Bismarck Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire Giuseppe Garibaldi military figure during …

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Roanoke a failed colony on roanoke island, mysteriously disappeared Jamestown the first successful English colony in the new world (settled in 1607), the capital of Virginia, at first many die from disease and starvation but then discover tobacco headright system a way to get people …

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Aneurysm A swelling or enlargement of a part of an artery, resulting from weakening of the arterial wall. Aphasia The inability to understand and or produce speech Aura A sensation experienced prior to a seizure; serves as a warning sign that a seizure is about …

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US History Chapter 19 Test Review John Joseph Karsk, February 19, 2014 Reparations Payment by loser for the cost of War expenses and damages Area where heavy fighting occurred in France became known as the Western Front —area where Germany was pushing West to the …

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Abraham the founding father of Judaism agriculture the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock Akkadian Empire Began in 2350 BCE when Sargon – King of Akkad – began conquering Sumerian cities. The empire was the first to unite city-states under a single ruler …

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What was the effect of the enclosure movement in the 1700’s? The process was used to end some traditional rights, such as mowing meadows for hay, or grazing livestock on land which is owned by another person, or a group of people. This caused long …

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Second Industrial Revolution Characteristics – steel, chemicals, electricity and petroleum led the way – new products — steel machinery; – electricity for energy and light; – internal combustion engine brought new power for transportation – industrial production grew at a rapid rate – industrial core …

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Chicago school A school of architecture dedicated to the design of buildings whose form expressed, rather than masked, their structure and function. mutual aid society An urban society that served members of an ethnic immigrant group, usually those from a particular province or town. The …

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1. prehistory vs. history Prehistory – no written documents; History: written proof of history 2. features of civilization Social etiquette, religion, education, literature 3. stages of hominid development Austrolopithecus, homo habilis, homo erectus, homo sapiens 4. “Out of Africa” thesis vs. multiregional thesis Humans originated …

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James Wolfe English general, led troops up steep cliff to capture Quebec which marked the beginning on the end of the French/Indian War Robert de la salle Frenchman who followed the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico, claiming the region for …

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Acute Dystonia A Patient is admitted to the emergency department with spasms of the face and back. He recently began taking Chlorpromazine to treat schizophrenia, Which of the following adverse reactions should the health care provider suspect? Phenelzine(Nardil) A healthcare professional is taking care of …

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Many Chinese believed that Laozi had brought Buddhism to India because A) the Buddha had been a disciple of Laozi’s. B) Buddhism was inferior to Daosim. C) Buddhism and Daoism had significant similarities. D) Buddhism had originated in China. C) Buddhism and Daoism had significant …

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Although we can divide the history of the universe into many distinct “eras,” sometimes it’s useful just to have a broad perspective on what events occurred in the very early universe and what events occurred later. Listed following are events that occurred either before or …

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8000 BCE-600 BCE Neolithic revolution domestication of plants and animals leads to surplus of food and denser populations which in turn leads to specializations 8000 BCE 7200 BCE Jericho and Catal Huyuk settlements but not civilizations 3500 BCE Sumerians invent the wheel 3000 BCE bronze …

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Charles V Split up his empire; gave Spain and the Netherlands to son Philip II Philip II Inherited Spain and Netherlands; very religious and trusted nobody; took control of Portugal in 1580; defended Catholicism; fought Muslim Ottoman empire; failed at attacking Protestant England El Greco …

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Alexander Hamilton Federalists who supported the bank. Secretary of treasury. Believed that a strong central government was necessary to pressure the union wanted to quickly develop a commercial and industrialized economy. Alien and Sedition Acts Authorized the President to arrest and deport immigrants who criticized …

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Europeans were able to conquer the empires of the Americas relatively easily for all of the following reasons except ****1) the rulers in the Americas lacked technology. 2) the peoples of the Americas were especially vulnerable to European diseases. 3) the centralized nature of the …

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Patriarch Abraham Founder Moses person to find the 12 tribes Sons of Jacob and Joseph Place and date of origin 2000 BCE around Mesopotamia City of Ur Pastorialists Herder Where did early Hebrews settle along the eastern Mediterranean Modern Extent Israel and United States non-proselytizing …

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Hernan Cortés Most brutal of the Spanish conquistadores, led the expedition that led to the fall of the Aztecs to smallpox Fra Bartolomé de las Casas Spanish priest and social reformer, “Protector of the Indians” Matrilineal society Society in which one inherits property and identity …

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The stage at which inventors try to determine a marketable use for a device is known as the _____ stage. Entrepreneurial stage. pg. 11 What were the first mass-marketed products in history? Books pg. 7 The term _____ refers to the phase in a medium’s …

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The Glorious Revolution In order to prevent a Catholic Dynasty the English Parliament drove out James II following the birth of his son and replaced him with the protestant Stahoulder of the Nederlands William, and his wife and daughter of James II, Mary II. This …

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A nurse is performing a cardiac assessment on a client. Identify the area the nurse should inspect when evaluating the point of maximal impulse. (You will find “Hot Spots” to select in the artwork below. Select only the hotspot that corresponds to your answer.) graphic …

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The origins of the majority of human existence in North America began with migrations from Eurasia over the Bering Strait. Incas, Maya, and Aztecs did NOT have the use of wheeled vehicles Prior to European contact, the eastern third of what is today the United …

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George Washington US Commander in Chief of colonial revolutionary army. First President of the United States. William Howe English General who commanded English forces at Bunker Hill. Left the English forces in New York for a battle at Philadelphia, leading to the English forces in …

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The Germans first successfully used blitzkrieg in an attack on? Poland Douglas MacArthur The mastermind of the island hopping strategy. Ships The main target of the Kamikazes. Nazis The group that was tried at the Nuremberg Trials. Where were the atomic bombs dropped? Hiroshima and …

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Natural Rights -Right to Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of happiness -by John Locke -Protect the rights of all people Declaration of Independence -written by Thomas Paine -states the unalienable rights -made America an independent nation -sparked war against Britain -stated injustices against King George and …

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Censorship Restriction on access to ideas and information Federal republic Government in which power is divided between the national or federal government and the states Lassiez faire Policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference Enlightened despot Absolute ruler who used his …

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Complex Society a social formation that is described as a formative or developed state Paleolithic of, relating, to, or denoting the early phase of the Stone Age, lasting about 2.5 million years, when primitive stone implements were used Venus Figurines umbrella term for a number …

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A nurse preceptor is orienting a newly licensed nurse. Which of the following actions indicates a breach of confidentiality and requires intervention by nurse preceptor? Discussing changes in clients plan of care with friend who is a nurse on another unit When collecting data on …

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Ancient Egypt history is divided into ______ major periods. Three. T/F The word “theocracy” means rule bu the strongest False. According to Egyptian theology, the pharaoh derived his authority from … The fact that he was perceived as a divine instrument of order and harmony. …

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A nurse teaches a group of young women about how to properly perform a self breast examination. How should the nurse explain the best time to perform the exam? a) Right after the menstrual flow stops b) On the third day after the menstrual cycle …

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Yangshao Culture The first basic neolithic civilization of China, lasted until 2700 BCE, farmers grew millet, wheat, and rice; domesticated pigs, dogs, goats and horses; Lived in river valleys of china. Yangshao’s Excavation Excavated in 1921 in China’s Henan province Longshan culture A late Neolithic …

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Americanized Wanting to become a part of American life. Normal Schools Colleges for teacher training. Illiteracy Rate The number of people who cannot read and write. Tenements Many newcomers tothe cities often had to live in cheap, poorly constructed apartment buildings called. Jacob Riis A …

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Four causes of WWI Nationalism,imperialism,militarism, and alliance system Triple Entente England,France,&Russia Triple Alliances Germany,Austria-hungary, & Italy Allied Powers England, France, & Russia join by U.S and Italy Central Powers Germany & Austria-Hungary lost Italy & gained Ottoman Empire What is Nationalism? Devotion to the interests …

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