Biome Study Guide-Accelerated

This biome receives a lot of rain. It has the most diverse types of plants and animals because of the year round warm, wet conditions:
tropical rainforest
Trees in this biome shed their leaves to conserve water
Deciduous forest
This biome receives very little precipitation. The days are usually very hot, which means that many organisms are active at night when it is cooler.
Desert
This biome is dominated by a mix of grasses and small trees. Around the world this biome may be referred to as a steppe, prairie, pampas, or savanna.
Grasslands
This biome has long, cold winters and short, warm summers. Most of the trees are conifers. Scientists refer to this biome as the
Boreal Forest or Coniferous Forest
This is an extremely cold biome. Most of the soil remains frozen all year.
Tundra
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These types of grasslands are located close to the equator. They receive more rainfall and therefore, small trees and shrubs are able to grow
Savanna
This is a group of land ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
Biome
The two most important factors for determining climate are
temperature and precipitation
Tall trees in the rainforest form a leafy roof called a
canolpy
A second layer of shorter trees form an
understory
Why do only a few plants grow on the floor of the tropical rain forest?
It is very dark
Soil that remains frozen all year is called
permafrost
Approximately how much of the earth is covered in water?
70%
This is found where fresh water of a river and salt water of the ocean meet
Estuary
These make up FRESH water ecosystems
streams, ponds, lakes and rivers
This is located between the highest high tide and the lowest low tide (where the shore meets the water)
The Intertidal Zone
This is located above the continental shelf
The Neritic Zone
Algae and other phytoplankton need sunlight to carry out
photosynthesis
Most living things in marine biomes are found
near the shore or near the ocean’s surface.
This is where light penetrates only a few hundred meters deep
The open ocean
The top layer of the ocean is called the
surface zone
This ocean layer is located below the surface zone and is almost totally dark.
The deep zone
Marshes, bogs, and swamps are types of
wetlands
The sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface most directly
near the equator
mosses, shrubs, caribou, foxes
belong in the Tundra
saguaro cactus, jackrabbits, rattlesnakes
belong in the Desert
zebra, rhinoceros, giraffe
belong in the Grassland
maples, oaks, white tailed deer, black bears
belong in the Deciduous Forest
fir, spruce, moose
belong in Taiga
orchids, orangutan, parrot
belong in the Tropical Rain Forest
woodpeckers, cedars, redwoods
belong in the Temperate Rain Forest