Which of the following best explains the dependence of the Southern economy on slavery?
The southern economy was rural and consisted mostly of plantations
What was Henry Clay’s primary purpose in offering the Compromise of 1850?
To avoid a civil war over the issue of slavery
Which of the following was not an example of Northern resistance to the Fugitive Slave Act?
Lengthy legal battles on behalf of runaway slaves
Which words best describe John Brown?
Antislavery and violent
Which view best summarizes Lincoln’s position on slavery in 1858?
The issue of slavery needs to be once an for all resolved because “A house divided against itself cannot stand”
What was one effect of John Brown’s actions at Harpers Ferry?
An increase in tensions between the north and the south
Members of the Know Nothing Party were known for all of the following except
their Support of the rights of immigrants
The topic of the Lincoln Douglass debates was
Slavery in the territories
Before the Civil War, the abolitionists used all of the following tactics except
Taking a nationwide vote
Manufacturing in the Old South lagged behind that in the North because
Cotton was a more profitable investment
Which was true of free blacks living in the North during the thirty years prior to the Civil War
Blacks faced extreme racial tensions
William Lloyd Garrison pledged his dedication to
The immediate abolition of slavery in the South
What was the significance of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
It provoked a more aggressive antisouthern and antislavery position in those who were uncertain on the slavery issue
Between 1830 and 1860, many southerners came to defend slavery because all of the following reasons:
The growth of the cotton economy made slavery very profitable again, They believed slaves were better off than the poor unfortunate people who worked in northern factories, and The attacks of the abolitionists pushed them into defending the southern way of life
Many Southerners supported the Compromise of 1850 because
it Provided for the return of fugitive slaves
Despite earlier efforts to settle the issue, the slavery question became a major issue in the 1840s and 1850s because the
Nation was expanding to the West
By opening territory north of 36º30′ to slavery, the KansasNebraska Act repealed
the Missouri Compromise
Stephen Douglass’ advocacy of popular sovereignty in the Kansas-Nebraska Act ignited rather than dispelled the flames of sectionalism. Popular society
sought to let the residents of Kansas-Nebraska areas determine their own laws on slavery through elections
“Bleeding Kansas” gained its reputation for violence because of the
sporadic warfare between settlers on opposing sides in the battle over the slavery issue
Stephen A. Douglass argued in his Freeport Doctrine during the Lincoln Douglass debates that
Action by territorial legislatures could keep slavery out of the territories
In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court ruled that
Dred Scott was not a citizen of the US, Dred Scott could not legally sue in a federal court, the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, Congress had no power to ban slavery from a territory
When the Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) that the Missouri Compromise (1820) was an unconstitutional infringement on property rights, the Supreme Court was exercising
Judicial review
The 1860 Republican Party platform favored all of the following:
Construction of a transcontinental railroad, Protective tariffs, and Free homesteads
The Crittenden Compromise of 1860
Suggested amendments to protect slavery while absolutely limiting its spread
The Battle of Fort Sumter
Was a bloodless siege, except for the loss of life to one poor confederate horse, ending with the Union relinquishing the fort
The leading advocates of free public education included all of the following:
Horace Mann of Massachusetts, Abraham Lincoln of Illinois, and DeWitt Clinton of New York
The leading advocates of banning alcohol consumption were the _____ organizations.
The leading advocate for the insane was
Dorothy Dix of Massachusetts
On the outset, president Lincoln held that the Civil War was being fought to?
Preserve the union
The North held the advantage over the South in each of the following areas:
non cash crop farm acreage, population, manufactures goods
Why did both the south and north experience rioting during the civil war?
In the south over food; in the north over draft
The commanding general of the army of northern Virginia was
Robert e lee
The president of the confederacy was
Jefferson Davis
The emancipation proclamation
free the slaves only in areas in rebellion against the US but not in areas that remained loyal
In 1870 and 1871 the violent campaigns of the Ku Klux Klan forced congress to pass two enforcement acts and an anti Klan law. These laws:
in many states were virtually ignored
The north interpreted black codes as
evidence that the south sought to keep freemen in an economically dependent and legally inferior status
In the presidential election of 1868, Ulysses S Grant?
Owed his victory to the votes of former status
Congress brought impeachment charges against president Andrew Johnson because he
violated an act of congress by removing a cabinet member without senate approval
As a result of the final vote in his impeachment trial, president Andrew Johnson
remained in office
The reconstruction policies of the radical republicans were probably motivated by a
humanitarian concern for the former slaves, hopes for republican power in the south, and bitterness over having to fight the costly war
In the year after the civil war, most freemen ended up working as?
Farmers under a sharecropper system
Compromise of 1877 did which of the following?
Ended federal military support of republican administrations in the south
The purpose of the freedman’s bureau was to
feed adjust and educate the former slaves thus aiding their adjustment to freedom
In return for supporting him for president, Rutherford B Hayes promised southern democrats
the withdrawal of federal troops from the south
Southern laws that kept African American separate form white were called
Jim crow
Lee surrendered to grant at
Appomattox court house
The status of working a piece of land in return for a portion of the crops is called
During the civil war, the term copperhead referred to
northerners who opposed the civil war
Americans in the post civil war decades who waved the bloody shirt were
republicans reviving the memory of southern democratic disloyalty during the civil war
Suspension of the writ of habeas corpus and the bill of rights in certain areas such as Maryland is evidence of which of the following?
Presidential power increased during the civil war
In 1867 secretary of state Seward accomplished an enduring success in foreign relations for the Johnson administration when he
purchased Alaska from Russia
What two issues lay at the heart of reconstruction?
The future of political and economic power for freed slaves and the future of north south economic and political relations
The grandfather clause
denied black Americans the franchise in the south
The first battle of civil war, bull run resulted in a
bloody but indecisive southern victory
In 1862, the union forces under McClellan were unable to capture the confederate capital
Richmond, Virginia
In the battle of ______ lee invaded Maryland and the north for the first time
second Manassas
After the battle of _____ , GB and France changed their minds about recognizing the confederacy
The emancipation proclamation of 1863
freed slaves in the confederacy only
The traditions of cattle herding began with Hispanic ranch
A new form of fencing used on the Great Plains was
barbed wire
Native Americans on the great plains used the ____ for many of the essentials of life
The intent of the homestead act was to
encourage families to develop the west
What is a Soddy?
A home made out of prairie turf
The Indian peace commission recommended moving native Americans to
Why did US soldiers kill ghost dances in the Wounded Knee massacre?
The soldiers feared the ghost dancers were preparing for war
The homestead act provided
160 acres of free land within the publican domain to any head of household who would settle on it and improve it over a period of 5 years
The railroads influenced the cattle industry by
helping to make the long drive economically feasible, transporting cattle to markets in the north and the east, and bringing in farmers who fenced the plains, eventually ending the open range form of cattle ranching
The federal governments Indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by
a movement to encourage the Indians to learn the ways of white society
The purpose of the Dawes severalty act of 1887 was
to weaken tribes, allot land to individual Indians, and promote assimilation
12. Cattle and sheep could not cohabitate because
the cattle thought the sheep smelled funny
Which of the following is an example of a native American victory
little big horn
The Credit Mobiler was
a large and corrupt railroad construction company
The mining frontier was significant because
it stimulated the cattle and railroad business
Kansas appealed to the Exodusters for all of the reasons of
they wanted a life that was free from discrimination in the south, under the homestead act they too were able tog et 160 acres of land, and Kansas symbolized freedom and the Eoxdusters compared themselves to Hebrews who were led out of slavery in Egypt
The historian Fredrik Jackson turner argued that the frontier shaped American be
stimulation individualism, independence an democracy
The two factors that did most to stimulate rapid western settlement were
the homestead act and the railroad
The mining towns which developed between 1860 and 1890
Were often abandoned after the mines closed, were predominately settled by men, frequently suffered from lawlessness
Who are the “Wasichus?”
What are the “islands for us?”
Indian reservations
Who are the “Four leggeds?
Which of the following most allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers?
Which of the following did Social Darwinism discourage?
government regulations
Why were scabs unpopular with striking workers during the late 1800s?
They were workers used to break strikes
Why did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800s?
Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following except
government regulation of business
Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves
buying out raw material producers and distributors
Tamney Hall was the name of
A New York political machine
An example of patronage would be
appointing a friend to a political position
What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?
new methods of making steel
The Stalwarts were strong supporters of
the spoils system
The Pendleton Civil Service Act required
applicants for government jobs to pass examinations
Which of the following is an example of graft?
saying a project costs more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself
Which of the following issues prompted the assassination of President Garfield?
civil service reform
Which of the following did NOT contribute to the problems of farmers in the late 19th century?
lack of available land
The basic economic motivation behind the silver standard was to
ease the burden of farmers in debt
The Populist movement of the 1890s can best be described as a
Political coalition of farming interests directed against banking and railroad interests
Sherman Anti Trust Act of 1890
was an ineffective attempt to regulate the abuses of big business
A major reason for the low wages of unskilled workers throughout the late 1900 century
Factory owners were able to draw cheap labor on a global scale
All of the following were important factors in post Civil War industrial expansion Except-
immigration restrictions
Many employers cut wages in the late 19th century by
hiring woman and children
The ideas of Social Darwinism allowed men of wealth, like Carnegie and Rockefeller, to
justify the economics inequality that favored them over the nation’s poor
The purpose of the Pendleton Act of 1883 was to
Fill some government jobs on the basis of merit through competitive exams
Stalwarts were
A faction of the Republican Party that fought over issues like civil service reform
From 1876
1897, political control of the native government in the United States- was dominated by the Republican Party
Mark Twain called the era following the Civil War the “Gilded Age” because
The glitter and flashiness of the time seemed to mask the ugliness and crass materialism that lay beneath the surface
Grover Cleveland believed that Government should
refrain from paternalistic meddling in the economy through high protective tariffs
The Gilded Age was generally a period of monetary
Which of the following was not a Robber Baron-
Roscoe Conkling
A group of companies that turned control of their stock over to a common board, which then runs the companies as a single corporation, leading to horizontal integration is
The spread of the telephone required _____, providing new jobs for women.
A trust may become a monopoly if
it gains exclusive control of an industry
The significance of the Haymarket Square incident in 1886 was that
it stimulated a hysterical wave of fear of anarchism and it alleged connection with unionism.
In the late nineteenth century, the American working classes suffered from three of the following conditions. Which is the exception?
no jobs for unskilled workers
Business leaders John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, and Cornelius Vanderbilt were referred to as robber barons primarily because they
were ruthless in dealing with competitors
During the late 1800s, what was the main reason labor unions had difficulty achieving gains for workers?
the government supported business efforts to limit the power of un