Art Appreciation Review 1

what is thorough description
the first step to thorough interpretation
what is thorough description key to
thorough interpretation
what is description
the physical attributes
what is interpretation
the state of beings, concepts, context, ideas, and emotional state
what are the 4 roles of the artist
1. artists help us to see the world in new or innovative ways
2. artists makes a visual record of the people, places, and events of their time and place
3. artists make functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with meaning
4. artists give form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden or universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
which role of the artist does “art elevates the commonplace” fall under
seeing the world in new/innovative ways
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which role of the artist does “art immortalizes” fall under
seeing the world in new/innovative ways
which role of the artist does “art creates order and harmony” fall under
seeing the world in new/innovative ways
which role of the artist does “art stimulates the intellect and fires the emotions” fall under
seeing the world in new/innovative ways
which role of the artist does “art records and comrades” fall under
making a visual record of the people, places, and events of their time and place
which role of the artist does “art reflects social and cultural contexts” fall under
making a visual record of the people, places, and events of their time and place
which role of the artist does “art create beauty and enhances our environment” fall under
making functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with meaning
which role of the artist does “art elevates the commonplace” fall under
making functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with meaning
which role of the artist does “art reveals the truth” fall under
giving form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden/universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
which role of the artist does “art expresses religious beliefs” fall under
giving form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden/universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
which role of the artist does “art expresses fantasy” fall under
giving form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden/universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
what is the NEA
national endowment for the arts where american-funded organization to educate the people about the arts
what is iconography
the study or description of images and symbols
what is active seeing
the act of understanding that is filtered through a long history of fears, prejudices, emotions, customs, beliefs, etc. and learn to look more closely at the visual world
why should one study art
to open our perspectives in seeing the details and other areas, to look beyond what is being seen, etc…
what are 3 reasons to study art
highest expression of culture, challenges assumptions and beliefs, and creates new visions and possibilities
true or false: art teaches critical thinking skills
true
true or false: art cultivates moral and civic character
true
true or false: art teaches a student to answer questions
false; art teaches a student to ask value-questions
the book says we study the humanities because…
they are awesome and are worth it
the article says we study the humanities because…
it teaches us how to think visually
the video says we study the humanities because…
we need to learn the importance of value-discernment
why should christians study art
christians believe humans are unique because humans can know and love God, humans can know and love each other, and humans can know and love creation
our job is to…
worship God, love one another, and cultivate creation
what are the 3 steps of perception
reception, extraction, inference
two forms of visual editing
empirical and symbolic
what is the empirical form of visual editing
the basic visual information
what is the symbolic form of visual editing
emotions, fear, desires, prejudices, etc
what is visual literacy
the ability to communicate visual principles using written or oral language
words refer via _______
extraction
images refer via _______
reproduction
true or false: we cannot see everything
true
true or false: humans see things similarly
false; humans see things differently
how do images describe the world
through subject matter and content, through different styles, and within a culture
what is subject matter
what the image really depicts
what is content
what the image means
representational art
art the contains and represents a subject realistically
abstract art
art that twists the subject until it is almost unrecognizable
non-representational art
art that leaves the subject nature completely behind
what are the 6 functions of line
1. use lines to suggest forms, shapes or masses
2. use lines to create depth, texture and light
3. suggest direction and movement
4. give focus and structure to a composition
5. convey emotion
6. make social, political, and economic statements
outline
creates a 2D shape
contour
creates a 3D shape
shape
a flat, 2D area that can be measured in terms of height and width
mass
a solid that occupies 3D volume; it must be measured in terms of height, width and depth,where density and weight are implied
what are the three types of perspective
overlapping, linear, and atmospheric
photorealism
a drawing or painting so realistic in appearance that is appears to be a photograph
realism
the desire to describe the world in a way unadulterated by the imaginative and idealist tendencies of the Romantic sensibility
true or false: light comes in wavelengths
true
true or false: light is neither absorbed or reflected
false; light is either absorbed or reflected
true or false: there is a shadow if light is reflected off of a surface
true
chiascuro
the balance of light and dark in an image
modeling
the shading, brightening, and darkening of a 2D shape to grant a 3D look
tenebrism
the contrast of light and dark in an image
shade
when you add dark to a color
tint
when you add light to a color
true or false: all objects have pigment in them
true
saturation
the brightness or intensity of the colors
what are the two palettes that an artist can use
warm palette and cool palette
local color
natural color; the color of an object when viewed up close and in natural lighting
arbitrary color
any color that artists use to effect an emotional response from the viewer
true or false: color symbolizes different things to different people
true
the symbolic value of color is _____ universal
NOT
what are the primary colors
red, yellow, blue
what are the secondary colors
orange, green, purple
what are the intermediate or tertiary colors
red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet
what are warm colors
red, orange, yellow
what are cool colors
green, blue, purple
what is impasto
paint applied very thickly to a canvas or support
what is trompe l’oeil
“fool or deceive the eye”; where the painting that looks as if it is an actual thing
what is a composition
the entire artwork itself
what is form
overall structure of a work of art
negative space
empty spaces that acquire a sense of volume and form by means of the outline or frame that surrounds them
what is the subtractive process
color mixture of reflected pigments resulting in the absence of color which is black
what is the additive process
color mixture of refracted light resulting in the color white
complementary colors
hues that lie opposite each other on the color wheel
polychromatic
entire range of hues in a wide variety of keys and intensities
monochromatic
use of one hue
perceptual color
color as perceived by the eye
texture
surface quality of a work
pattern
a repetitive motif or design
unity and variety
how the composition is put together and how it coexists together
time and motion
primary elements of temporal media, linear rather than spatial in character
rhythm
effect achieved when shapes, colors, or a regular pattern of any kind is repeated over and over again
scale
comparative size of an object in relation to the other objects and settings
proportion
the relationship between the parts to each other and to the whole
vanishing point
point on the horizon line where parallel lines appear to converge
focal point
center of visual attraction
what are the 3 types of texture
actual, visual, subversive
actual texture
actual tactile sensation that the artwork achieves
visual texture
illusion of texture that artists attempt to create with color, shading, and other techniques in their work
subversive texture
sort of texture that asks the viewer to look again at an object that they might have taken for granted
frottage
technique of putting a sheet of paper over textured surfaces and then rubbing with a soft pencil across the paper
what are the 3 types of time
actual + motion, implied + motion, stroboscopic + motion
balance
even distribution of weight in a composition
actual weight
the physical weight of materials in pounds
visual weight
apparent “heaviness” or “lightness” of a shape or form
symmetry
when two halves of a composition correspond with one another in terms of size, shape, and placement of forms