APUSH Unit 6

6. Of the following, which was the most importance cause of agrarian discontent in the Unites States in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
The feeling that the railroads were exploiting the farmers.
17. Which of the following would have been most likely to support the presidential campaign of William Jennings Bryan in 1896?
A Kansas farmer
18. Which of the following statements is true about immigration to the United States during the last two decades of the nineteenth century?
Southern and Eastern Europeans came in larger numbers than earlier in the century.
242. The Social Gospel movement of the late 19th Century emphasized
Social responsibility as a means to salvation
20. All of the following conditions influenced the development of American agriculture during the first half of the nineteenth century EXCEPT
A widespread interest in conserving soil and natural resources
23. “In 1800 schoolchildren (ages 5-19) spend an average of only fourteen days in school each year. By 1850 this figure had nearly doubled, going to twenty-six days, and by 1860 it had risen to forty days per year, almost triple the figure for 1800. By 1860 the literacy rate at age twenty had attained modern levels, exceeding ninety percent among Whites.” This passage describes results brought about chiefly through
State and local efforts on behalf of public schools
25. All of the following were considered legitimate functions of the federal government in the late nineteenth century EXCEPT
Assuring the welfare of the poor and unemployed
43. The term “cult of domesticity” refers to
The idealization of women in their roles as wives and mothers during the nineteenth century
44. An important reason for the proclamation of the Monroe Doctrine was to
Protect republican institutions of government in the Western Hemisphere
45. Which of the following most likely increased Mexican suspicion of United States territorial objectives in the 1830’s and 1840’s?
Rhetoric on “manifest destiny” in the American press
46. Which of the following would most likely have said, “…children should be children as long as they can”?
A mid-nineteenth-century educational reformer
52. Which of the following had the greatest impact on the institution of slavery in the United States in the first quarter of the nineteenth century?
Invention of the cotton gin
92. The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullman’s
Cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rents
61. Which of the following is a correct statement about the Gilded Age?
Business activity expanded and contracted frequently.
55. “From the beginning of the settlement of America, the frontier regions have exercised a steady influence toward democracy…American democracy is fundamentally the outcome of the experience of the American people in dealing with the West…” These statements are part of a historical theory known as
The Turner thesis
57. In the late nineteenth-century controversy over the social and religious implications of Darwinian theory, all of the following popular beliefs were felt to be threatened by Darwin EXCEPT the
Reality of change in the world
60. The anticombination laws passed by numerous states in the late 1880’s were a response to which of the following organizational innovations?
The use of stockholding trusts to create business oligopolies
232. Hardships endured by farm families who settled on the Great Plains during the 1870s and 1880s included all of the following EXCEPT
Interference by the federal government
67. Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?
The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
69. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) did which of the following?
Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans.
77. In 1890 the most important source of revenue for the federal government was
Customs taxes
87. Jacob Riis’ How the Other Half Lives is a study of
Immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890s
91. Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision?
National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.
98. In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, American agriculture was characterized by
An increase in acres under cultivation
104. “Let Southern oppressors tremble…I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisement…I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice.” The author of the statement above was
William L. Garrison
134. One of the most important long-term political activities of the Daughters of the Liberty was
Spinning their own cloth
168. One characteristic of the nation’s economy during the period from 1800-1860 was that per capita income
Doubled and the price of goods fell
172. By 1850, free African-Americans generally
Were descendants of slaves emancipated in the 1780s and 1790s
178. In Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville described the growth of an aristocracy in the United States based on
Industrial wealth
202. “Rise, sisters of temperance!-we must not delay-
Our mission is bold, and we must away;
We’ll gird on our armor tho’ frail it may be,
And trust that the “Maine Law” will soon set us free”

In the above quotation from 1855, the “Maine Law” refers to a law affecting

sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages
205. During the year 1860, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
The Supreme Court issued its decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford
208. Which statement accurately reflects the conditions of antebellum white women in the South?
The rate at which they gave birth was one-third greater than the national average
209. At the time of the Gold Rush, the richest land in California was owned by
212. During the Civil War, the United States Congress adopted a policy towards banks designed to
Establish a national banking system
213. When President Lincoln first advocated an end to slavery, he recommended all of the following EXCEPT:
United States citizenship for freed slaves
214. In the Emancipation Proclamation, President Lincoln announced that as of January 1st, 1863, he would free slaves in
States in rebellion against the United States
211. During the Civil War, one aspect of the Southern economy was that
Many women became heads of households
218. Radical Republicans opposed President Johnson’s approach to Reconstruction for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
Southern states were slow to repudiate secession
219. The Radical branch of the Republican Party was able to influence decisions of Congress during much of Reconstruction because
The actions of President Johnson and the Democrats encouraged Radical Republicans and moderate Republicans to work together
221. During Reconstruction in the South, the political impact of what conservatives called “Negro rule” was that African-Americans
Participated in politics but they did not dominate events
226. All of the following occurred in 1876 EXCEPT the
Completion of the first transcontinental railroad line
228. The first mass political movement of American women was the
Woman’s Christian Temperance Union
229. Which of the following accurately describes the Chinese population in the United States in 1860?
There were almost twenty times as many Chinese men compared to the number of Chinese women
230. As Secretary of State for President Lincoln, William H. Seward pursued a foreign policy that promoted
A worldwide American empire
231. In what ways did the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 affect the status of American Indians?
Attendance at religious schools was mandatory
233. During the late 19th Century, “open range” ranching existed in areas where ranchers
Allowed their cattle to graze on public lands
234. The crop lien system which influenced southern agriculture within twenty years after the Civil War was based on the idea that farmers
Would purchase supplies using a portion of a future crop as collateral
235. In the Civil Rights Cases of 1883, the Supreme Court
Struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875
236. During the late 19th Century, vertical integration specifically allowed businesses to
Expand their control over production and distribution as well as manufacturing
237. Between 1880 and 1900, the number of women who worked as
Clerks increased substantially
238. In 1894, President Cleveland sent United States troops to Chicago to end a strike at the Pullman Palace Car Company, citing the responsibility of the federal government specifically to
Protect the mail
239. Which of the following 19th Century labor organizations had a firm policy accepting black workers as members?
International Workers of the World
240. During the late 19th Century, the nation’s major cities demonstrated all of the following EXCEPT:
The expansion of most cities was carefully planned
241. During the last quarter of the 19th Century, the most significant source of population growth in American cities was
Immigration from abroad
243. During the last quarter of the 19th Century, all of the following sports were popular EXCEPT:
244. During the last quarter of the 19th Century, Americans show business flourished in all of the following mediums EXCEPT:
245. All of the following examples of popular literature were products of the second half of the 19th Century EXCEPT:
Edgar Rice Burrough’s Tarzan of the Apes
246. The Civil Service movement of the 1880s was designed specifically to challenge
The spoils system
247. One of the most prominent ideas associated with the Grange movement of the 1870s was
Economic cooperatives
248. During the late 19th Century, the increase in population due to the New Immigration spurred the growth of
Catholic parochial schools