APUSH Unit 4 Study Guide

What issue greatly raised political stakes in the 1820s and 1830s?
Slavery and whether or not a state would allow slavery when it came into union
What two party political system emerged in the 1830’s to 1840s?
The Democrats and the Whigs
What the attitude of the public in the 1820s and 1830s regarding political parties?
The public was more tolerant of political parties.
What were the new techniques of politicking in the 1840s?
banners, badges, baby kissing, drinks, parades
What percentage did voter participation reach in the presidential election by the 1840s?
Andrew Jackson
recieved more popular votes than any other candidate in 1824
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Henry Clay
was eliminated as a candidate when the election of 1824 was thrown into the House of Representatives
When was John Quincy Adams charged with having struck a “corrupt bargain?”
when he appointed Clay to become Secretary of State
What did John Quincy Adams propose as president?
naitonal university, national observatory, and national improvements
What could John Quincy Adams be described as?
a politician with great tact
What were the weaknesses of John Quincy Adams?
political ineptitude, tactless, deep nationalistic view, not popular (minority president)
What was Andrew Jackson’s political philosophy based on?
his suspicion of the federal government, focus on individualism, demand of support of subordinates, ignoring the supreme court
What did Andrew Jackson’s inauguration symbolize?
the common man
What was he purpose behind the Spoils System?
to reward political supporters with public office.
Why was the Spoils System called the “Spoils System?”
because it promoted government corruption
What did the Spoils system under Andrew Jackson result in?
the entrance of illiterate, incompetent, crooks in office. It affirmed the democratic ideal that one man was as good as another, and it helped build a strong two party system.
Which section of the U.S. was most hurt by the Tariff of 1828?
the South because they were heavy consumers of imported goods
Why did Southerners fear the Tariff of 1828?
because it gave too much power to the central government
What was John C. Calhoun’s “South Carolina Exposition” an argument for?
quieting fears, and preserving the union. Calhoun attacked the Tariff as unjust and unconstitutional.
What did the nullification crisis of 1832-1833 erupt over?
the Tariff policy
Where did the strong regional support for the Tariff come from?
The south and Calhoun
What did the Force Bill of 1833 state?
That Jackson could send troops to force South Carolina to obey federal law.
Who was most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828?
Andrew Jackson by issuing a proclamation to the People of South Carolina that tariff rates be lowered
What did the nullification crisis of 1833 result in?
a clear-cut victory for neither Andrew Jackson or the nullifiers.
What did Andrew Jackson do in response to South Carolina’s nullification of the Tariff of 1828?
he persuaded congress to pass a Force Bill giving the president the authority to take military action in South Carolina
When did the Nullification crisis (started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828) end?
when the Compromise Tariff of 1833 was issued.
Why did Andrew Jackson’s administration support the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states?
because he sympathized with land-hungry citizens who were impatient to take over lands previously held by Native Americans.
How did white Americans treat the Native Americans?
white Americans used trickery and coercion to get Indian land.
What did the Cherokees do to assimilate themselves into white society?
they learned the ways of the whites, they adopted a system of settled agriculture, they had private property with deeds, had a written legal code, and had cotton plantations and slaves.
What was the policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes?
forced removal
Why did Andrew Jackson and his supporters dislike the Bank of the United States?
because of he president’s arrogance, Nicholas Biddle, suspicion arose that the bank abused it’s powers and served the interests of the wealthy.
What charges did Andrew Jackson make against the Bank of the United states?
the bank abused it’s powers and only served the interests of the wealthy, it was unconstitutional, and it was a private monopoly that enriched the wealthy and foreigners at the expense of the common people.
What was a positive aspect of the Bank of the United States?
it received federal deposits and attempted to serve a public purpose by cushioning the ups and downs of the national economy
What was the second Bank of the United states a depository of?
the funds of the national government
What was the Bank of the United States denounced as in Andrew Jackson’s veto for the recharter bill?
it was denounced a private monopoly that enriched the wealthy and foreigners at the expense of the common people.
John C. Calhoun
was vice president on the ticket of two presidential candidates in 1824