APUSH Chapter 34

Franklin Roosevelt’s ___ contributed the most to his development of compassion and strength of will
affliction with infantile paralysis
The champion of the dispossessed that is , the poor and minoriites in the 1930s was
Eleanor Roosevelt
The 1932 Democratic party platform on which Franklin Roosevelt ran for the presidency called for
a repeal of prohibition
In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt campaigned on the promise that as president he would attack the Great Depression by
experimenting with bold new programs for economic and social reforms
The phrase “Hundred Days” refers to
the first months of Franklin Roosevelts presidency
One striking feature of the 1932 presidential election was that
African Americans became a vital element in the Democratic party
While Franklin Roosevelt waited to assume the presidency. Herbert Hoover tried to get the president elect to cooperate on long term solutions to the Depression because
he hoped to bind his successor to an anti-inflationary policy that would make much of the New Deal impossible
When Franklin Roosevelt assumed the presidency in March 1933
he received unprecendented congressional support
The Works Program Administration was a major program of the New Deal; the Public Works Administration was a long range program; and the Social Security was a major program
relief; recovery; reform
The Glass Steagall Act
created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure individual bank deposits
The most pressing problem facing Franklin Roosevelt when he became president was
a chaotic banking situation
Franklin Roosevelts “managed currency” aimed to
stimulate inflation
The _____ was probably the most popular New Deal program; the _____ was one of the most complex; and the _____ was the most radical.
Civilian Conservation Corps; National Recovery Act; Tennessee Valley Authority
President Roosevelt’s chief “administrator of relief” was
Harry Hopkins
Match each New Deal critic below with the “cause” or slogan that he promoted
Father Coughlin – social justice; Huey Long – every man a king; Francis Townsend – old age pensions; Herbert Hoover – a holy crusade for liberty
Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained national popularity by
promising to give every family $5000
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) aimed to do all of the following except
provide handouts to the unemployed
Match each New Dealer below with the federal agency or program with which he or she was closely identified
-Robert Wagner: National Labor Relations act
-Harry Hopkins: Works Progress administration
-Harold Ickes: Public Works Administration
-Frances Perkins: Department of Labor
The National Recovery Act (NRA) began to fail because
it required too much self sacrifice on the part of industry, labor, and the public
The first Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) raised the money paid to farmers not to grow crops by
taxing processors of farm products
The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) proposed to solve the farm problem by
reducing agricultural production
Both ratified in the 1930s, the 20th Amendment _____; the 21st Amendment ______
shortened the time between presidential election and inauguration; ended prohibiltion
All of the following contributed to the Dust Bowl of the 1930s except
farmers failure to use steam tractors and other modern equipment
In 1935, President Roosevelt set up the Resettlement Administration to
move farmers who were victims of the Dust Bowl to better land
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 attempted to
reverse the forced assimiliation of Native Americans into white society.
Most Dust Bowl migrants headed to
Most Okies in California escaped the deprivation and uncertainty of seasonal farm labor when they
found jobs in defense industries during WWII
The Federal Securities Act aimed to
force stock promoters to give investors information regarding the soundness of their stocks
On the following the one least related to the other three is
the Securities and Exchange COmmision (things together The Tennessee Valley Authority, George Norris, Muscle Shoals, Hydroelectric power)
New Dealers argued that their multifront war on the Depression primarily sought to
provide relief
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) drew criticism because it
aroused fears of creeping socialism
The most controversial aspect of the Tennessee Valley Authority was it plans concerning
electrical power
The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the following except
health care for the poor (did unemployment insurance, old age pensions, economic provisions for the blind and disabled, support for the blind and physically handicapped)
The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that
gave labor the right to bargain collectively
The National Labor Relations Act proved most beneficial to
unskilled workers
The primary interest of the Congress of Industrial Organizations was
the organization of all workers within an industry
The 1936 election was made notable by
the bitter class struggle between the poor and the rich
President Roosevelt’s Court packing scheme in 1937 reflected his desire to make the Supreme Court
more sympathetic to New Deal programs
After Franklin Roosevelts failed attempt to pack the Supreme Court
the Court began to support New Deal programs
As a result of the 1937 “Roosevelt recession”
Roosevelt adopted Keynesian (planned deficit spending) economics
During the 1930s
the national debt doubled
Franklin Roosevelts New Deal programs
did not end the Depression
Many economists believe that the New Deal could have cured the ills of the Depression by
engaging in greater deficit spending or spending less money