AP Psychology: Hypnosis and Consciousness

hypnotic induction
process by which the hypnotist brings on a state of hypnosis in the subject
hypnosis
a social interaction where the hypnotist suggests to the subject the certain perceptions, feeling, behaviors or thoughts that will spontaneously occur
postural sway
indicator of more openness or susceptibility to hypnosis
hypnotic ability
the ability to focus attention totally in a task and to become imaginatively absorbed in it
hypnotherapists
therapists who try to help patients harness their own healing powers using hypnosis
posthypnotic suggestion
a suggestion made by the hypnotist to the subject during hypnosis that is meant to be done after the patient is no longer hypnotized
-used to control unwanted symptoms or behavior
social influence theory
theory that hypnosis is a social phenomena where subjects act in ways appropriate for their “roles”
dissociation
a split in consciousness which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others
-ex doodling while listening to a lecture
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
-helps us to not feel pain
-“hypnosis does not block sensory input, but may block our attention to those stimuli” (111).
near-death experience
-an altered state of consciousness reported after a close encounter with death (i.e. cardiac arrest)
-often similar to drug-induced hallucinations
aged-regression
the supposed (and false) ability to relive childhood experiences through hypnosis
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
cognitive neuroscience
the interdisciplinary study of brain activity linked with our mental processes (perception, thinking, language, and memory)
dual processing
the principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks
visual perception track
a track that enables us to recognize things and to plan future actions
visual action track
a track that guides our moment-to-moment actions
cocktail party effect
ability to attend to only one voice among many
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere
change blindness (blindness)
failing to notice changes in the environment and denying that you would not notice those changes
change deafness
failing to notice a change in the tone of voice of a speaker
the pop out phenomenon
when we are drawn to a stimulus because it demands our attention
perceptual set
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another