Last Updated 31 Jan 2018

AP Psych Chapter 14 – Stress & Health

Category Stress 
Essay type Research
Words 801 (3 pages)
Views 400
behavioral medicine
an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
health psychology
a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
Walter Cannon
confirmed that stress response is part of unified mind-body system
epinephrine; norepinephrine; adrenal
Emotion-arousing incidents all trigger an outpouring of the stress hormones _____ and _____ from the ______ glands.
fight or flight
When alerted by any of a number of brain pathways, the sympathetic nervous system increases heart rate and respiration, diverts blood form digestion to the skeletal muscles, dulls pain, and releases sugar and fat form the body's stores--all to prepare the body for the _______ response.
glucocorticoid; cortisol
On orders from the cerebral cortex, the outer part of the adrenal glands secretes ________ stress hormones such as ______.
cerebral; adrenal
On orders from the ______ cortex, the outer part of the _____ glands secretes glucocorticoid stress hormones such as cortisol.
general adaptation syndrome
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages--alarm, resistance, exhaustion.
alarm reaction
In Phase 1 of GAS, you experience an _______.
In Phase 2 of GAS, you experience ______.
In Phase 3 of GAS, you experience ________.
temporary; prolonged
Although the human body comes designed to cope with _____ stress, _____ stress can produce physical deterioration.
People who have experienced prolonged flood of stress hormones, due to sustained child abuse, combat, or endocrine disease, usually have a shrunken ________, the inner brain structure vital to laying down explicit memories.
coronary heart disease
the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
Type B
Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people.
Type A
257 men had suffered heart attacks; 60 percent of them were _____.
psychophysiological illness
literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.
the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system
B lymphocytes
form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections
T lymphocytes
form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances
agent of the immune system that identifies, pursues, and ingests harmful invaders
stronger; less; more
Women are immunologically ____ than men

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