AP GOV Ch 19 Social Welfare

first U.S. legislation, in 1935, providing for an income transfer program
Social Security Act
federally funded program that provides health care for the poor
Medicaid
a feature of Upton Sinclair’s gubernatorial platform
End Poverty in California plan
legislation enacted in 1965 providing medical insurance for the elderly
Medicare
financial assistance to that poor that replaced the AFDC program
TANF
Pre-1935 state programs to aid widows with children
mother’s pension
Pre-1935 state-run or locally run homes for the poor
almshouses
Huey Long’s proposal to redistribute income in the US
Share Our Wealth plan
refers to religious non-profit organizations that compete for government grants to administer federal welfare-to-work related policies
charitable choice
Pre-Social Security proposal that was popular because it aimed to provide financial support to elderly people
Townsend plan
benefits paid weekly to laid-off workers unable to find jobs
UI
also known as Social Security
Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance
former federally funded program that made payments to poor families with children
AFDC
cash payments to poor people who are aged, blind, or disabled
SSI
vouchers given to the poor to buy food at grocery stores
food stamps
the mechanism by which payments rise automatically when costs do
indexing
claimed high welfare benefit made it more attractive for some to go on welfare that to look for a job
Charles Murray
a proviso that only those below a specified poverty level qualify for a program
means test
policy-making in which almost everybody benefits and almost everybody pays
majoritarian politics
an approach to welfare that aims to give poor people job training or government jobs rather than money
service strategy
legislation adopted in 1988 to protect the elderly against the costs of long-term medical care; later repealed
Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act
policy-making in which relatively few people benefit but everybody pays
client politics
an approach to welfare in which poor people are given money
income strategy
a program financed by income taxes that provides benefits to poor citizens without requiring contributions from them
assistance program
a self-financing program based on contributions that provides benefits to unemployed or retired persons
insurance program
a provision of the 1975 tax law that entitles working families with children to receive money if their incomes fall below a certain level
earned income tax credit