AP Art History Review

Tell Asmar Statues
c. 2700 BCE
Culture: Sumerian
Employs hierarchal portrayal, figures represent mortals, placed in a temple and praying: votive figures
Tell Asmar Statues
c. 2700 BCE
Culture: Sumerian
Employs hierarchal portrayal, figures represent mortals, placed in a temple and praying: votive figures
Standard of Ur
c. 2600 BCE
Culture: Sumerian
Has two sides: war side and peace side, uses register to tell a narrative. Employs hierarchal portrayal.
Standard of Ur
c. 2600 BCE
Culture: Sumerian
Has two sides: war side and peace side, uses register to tell a narrative. Employs hierarchal portrayal.
Great Ziggurat of Ur
c. 2100 BCE
Culture: Sumerian
The temple was on top of the tall pyramid like sculpture. Made of mud brick, not as strong as Egyptian pyramids. Used to be whitewashed to hide mud-like appearance. Four corners are oriented to compass. Dedicated to moon god Nanna
Great Ziggurat of Ur
c. 2100 BCE
Culture: Sumerian
The temple was on top of the tall pyramid like sculpture. Made of mud brick, not as strong as Egyptian pyramids. Used to be whitewashed to hide mud-like appearance. Four corners are oriented to compass. Dedicated to moon god Nanna
Seated Statue of Gudea
c. 2100 BCE
Culture: Sumer
The diorite used to show the wealth of the owner. Gudea was the ruler of Lagash.
Seated Statue of Gudea
c. 2100 BCE
Culture: Sumer
The diorite used to show the wealth of the owner. Gudea was the ruler of Lagash.
Stele of Hammurabi (Code of Hammurabi)
c. 1780 BCE
Culture: Babylon
Has one of the earliest law codes. The sun god, Shamash, hands Hammurabi a rope, a ring, and a rod of kingship. The beard of Shamash is fuller than Hammurabi's to show the importance of Shamash over Hammurabi. God sitting shows he is higher up than Hammurabi, but they are eye to eye which shows the importance of Hammurabi.
Stele of Hammurabi (Code of Hammurabi)
c. 1780 BCE
Culture: Babylon
Has one of the earliest law codes. The sun god, Shamash, hands Hammurabi a rope, a ring, and a rod of kingship. The beard of Shamash is fuller than Hammurabi’s to show the importance of Shamash over Hammurabi. God sitting shows he is higher up than Hammurabi, but they are eye to eye which shows the importance of Hammurabi.
Ishtar Gate
c. 575 BCE
Culture: Babylon
Glazed brick covers mud walls. Reconstructed in Berlin. Lions sacred to goddess Ishtar; dragons sacred to the gods Marduk and Nabu, bulls sacred to the god Adad.
Ishtar Gate
c. 575 BCE
Culture: Babylon
Glazed brick covers mud walls. Reconstructed in Berlin. Lions sacred to goddess Ishtar; dragons sacred to the gods Marduk and Nabu, bulls sacred to the god Adad.
Lion Gate
c. 1400 BCE
Culture: Hittite
Gates to the city, the lions were guardians.
Lion Gate
c. 1400 BCE
Culture: Hittite
Gates to the city, the lions were guardians.
Lamassu (pronounced Llama-sue)
c. 700 BCE
Culture: Assyrian
5 legs: when seen from front seems to be standing at attention; when seen from side it looks like its walking. Meant to ward of enemies both visible and invisible.
Lamassu (pronounced Llama-sue)
c. 700 BCE
Culture: Assyrian
5 legs: when seen from front seems to be standing at attention; when seen from side it looks like its walking. Meant to ward of enemies both visible and invisible.
Palette of Narmer
c. 3000-2920 BCE
Culture: Egyptian;Early Dynastic Period
A narrative, uses hierarchal portrayal. Things used to show power: bull knocking down city, hierarchal portrayal, beheaded enemies. Narmer, wears the cobra crown of lower Egypt, preceded by four standard bearers and a priest and followed by his foot washer. Hathor, a god as a cow with a woman's face. Used to hold eye makeup. Horus, hawk god, holds a rope around a man's head and a papyrus plant, symbols of lower Egypt.
Palette of Narmer
c. 3000-2920 BCE
Culture: Egyptian;Early Dynastic Period
A narrative, uses hierarchal portrayal. Things used to show power: bull knocking down city, hierarchal portrayal, beheaded enemies. Narmer, wears the cobra crown of lower Egypt, preceded by four standard bearers and a priest and followed by his foot washer. Hathor, a god as a cow with a woman’s face. Used to hold eye makeup. Horus, hawk god, holds a rope around a man’s head and a papyrus plant, symbols of lower Egypt.
Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser
c. 2630 BCE; Old Kingdom
Artist: Imhotep
Culture: Egypt
First known artist in history. Just a bunch of mastabas stacked on top of each other. Part of a complex called a necropolis (city of the dead). Pyramid is completely solid, with burial underground. Located in Saqqara, Egypt.
Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser
c. 2630 BCE; Old Kingdom
Artist: Imhotep
Culture: Egypt
First known artist in history. Just a bunch of mastabas stacked on top of each other. Part of a complex called a necropolis (city of the dead). Pyramid is completely solid, with burial underground. Located in Saqqara, Egypt.
Great Pyramids
c. 2500 BCE; Old kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Each side of the pyramid oriented toward a point on the compass. Used to be coated with limestone.
Great Pyramids
c. 2500 BCE; Old kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Each side of the pyramid oriented toward a point on the compass. Used to be coated with limestone.
Great Sphinx
c. 2500 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Carved in situ from a huge rock, symbol of the sun god. Sphinx protects the pyramids behind it. Guards Khafre's pyramid (possibly a portrait of Khafre himself)
Great Sphinx
c. 2500 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Carved in situ from a huge rock, symbol of the sun god. Sphinx protects the pyramids behind it. Guards Khafre’s pyramid (possibly a portrait of Khafre himself)
Seated Statue of Khafre
c. 2500 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Falcon god horus is behind Khafre's head. no negative space between arms and legs. Pharaoh is idealized. Symbol of a united Egypt in the interlocking of lotus and papyrus plants at the base. Strict adherence to Egyptian canon of proportions.
Seated Statue of Khafre
c. 2500 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Falcon god horus is behind Khafre’s head. no negative space between arms and legs. Pharaoh is idealized. Symbol of a united Egypt in the interlocking of lotus and papyrus plants at the base. Strict adherence to Egyptian canon of proportions.
Menkaure and His Queen
c. 2490 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Menkaure is rigid = power,Wife is affectionate
Take steps forward into the afterlife. Men and women the same height, indicating equality.
Menkaure and His Queen
c. 2490 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Menkaure is rigid = power,Wife is affectionate
Take steps forward into the afterlife. Men and women the same height, indicating equality.
Seated Scribe
c. 2400 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Is a conventional image of a scribe. The simple features show that he is not a pharaoh. Not idealized
Seated Scribe
c. 2400 BCE; Old Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Is a conventional image of a scribe. The simple features show that he is not a pharaoh. Not idealized
Ti Watching the Hippopotamus Hunt
c. 2400 BCE; Old kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Ti was a government official, this was a painted relief in his mastabas. Boat symbolized the journey to the afterlife. Uses hierarchical portrayal.
Ti Watching the Hippopotamus Hunt
c. 2400 BCE; Old kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Ti was a government official, this was a painted relief in his mastabas. Boat symbolized the journey to the afterlife. Uses hierarchical portrayal.
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
c. 1473 BCE; New Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
3 colonnaded terraces and 2 ramps, matches visually its surroundings patterns of dark and light in the colonnade are repeated in the cliff. Terraces originally held gardens; built by Hatshepsut's lover. After her death her son had all of the eyes taken out of her statues (to curse her)
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
c. 1473 BCE; New Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
3 colonnaded terraces and 2 ramps, matches visually its surroundings patterns of dark and light in the colonnade are repeated in the cliff. Terraces originally held gardens; built by Hatshepsut’s lover. After her death her son had all of the eyes taken out of her statues (to curse her)
Temple of Ramses II
c. 1290 BCE; New Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Sun god directly over entrance, four statues of Ramses flanking it. Royal family between the legs of the four statues. Sun enters the center door of the tomb on Ramses' birthday and ascension day, October 21 and February 21, lighting up three statues: Amen-Re, Re-Herakhte and Ramses, god of darkness never lit up. After it was moved the sun lights up the statues a day later: October 22 and February 22.
Temple of Ramses II
c. 1290 BCE; New Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Sun god directly over entrance, four statues of Ramses flanking it. Royal family between the legs of the four statues. Sun enters the center door of the tomb on Ramses’ birthday and ascension day, October 21 and February 21, lighting up three statues: Amen-Re, Re-Herakhte and Ramses, god of darkness never lit up. After it was moved the sun lights up the statues a day later: October 22 and February 22.
Temple of Amen-Re
c. 1290 BCE; New Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Hypostyle halls, massive lintels bind the columns together, axial plan.
Temple of Amen-Re
c. 1290 BCE; New Kingdom
Culture: Egypt
Hypostyle halls, massive lintels bind the columns together, axial plan.
Akhenaton
c. 1353 BCE; Amarna period
Culture: Egypt
shows new, unidealised view of pharaoh. slack lips long face, thin arms known as amarna style.
Akhenaton
c. 1353 BCE; Amarna period
Culture: Egypt
shows new, unidealised view of pharaoh. slack lips long face, thin arms known as amarna style.
Nefertiti
c. 1353; Amarna period
Artist: Thutmose
Culture: Egypt
Nefertiti was the wife of Akhenaton, this was a demonstration model for copying. Long elegant neck, realistic face.
Nefertiti
c. 1353; Amarna period
Artist: Thutmose
Culture: Egypt
Nefertiti was the wife of Akhenaton, this was a demonstration model for copying. Long elegant neck, realistic face.
Cycladic Female Figure
c. 2500 BCE
Culture: Cyclades
Nude women arms folded, emphasizes fertility with triangle pelvis. Found in graves
Cycladic Female Figure
c. 2500 BCE
Culture: Cyclades
Nude women arms folded, emphasizes fertility with triangle pelvis. Found in graves
Toreador Fresco
c. 1400 BCE
Culture: Minoan
As in Egyptian art, men have darker skin than women.
Toreador Fresco
c. 1400 BCE
Culture: Minoan
As in Egyptian art, men have darker skin than women.
Lion Gate
c. 1300 BCE
Culture: Mycenaean
Post and lintel architecture, built for defensive purposes.
Lion Gate
c. 1300 BCE
Culture: Mycenaean
Post and lintel architecture, built for defensive purposes.
Treasury of Atreus
c. 1300 BCE
Culture: Mycenaen
Originally was a tomb, long entrance way, corbel vaulted interior. Precision cutting of stones, no mortar used.
Treasury of Atreus
c. 1300 BCE
Culture: Mycenaen
Originally was a tomb, long entrance way, corbel vaulted interior. Precision cutting of stones, no mortar used.
Kouros
c. 600 BCE; 
Period: Archaic Greek
Grave marker
Kouros
c. 600 BCE;
Period: Archaic Greek
Grave marker
Peplos Kore
c. 530 BCE;
Period: Archaic Greek
Broken hand used to carry offering to Athena, called the peplos because she is wearing something called a peplos.
Peplos Kore
c. 530 BCE;
Period: Archaic Greek
Broken hand used to carry offering to Athena, called the peplos because she is wearing something called a peplos.
Kritios Boy
c. 480 BCE; 
Period: Classical Greek
first work with contrapposto, body standing naturally, attributed to the Greek sculptor Kritios.
Kritios Boy
c. 480 BCE;
Period: Classical Greek
first work with contrapposto, body standing naturally, attributed to the Greek sculptor Kritios.
Diskbolos
c. 450 BCE; 
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Myron
Means The Discus Thrower, idealized heroic body, this is a roman copy original was bronze.
Diskbolos
c. 450 BCE;
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Myron
Means The Discus Thrower, idealized heroic body, this is a roman copy original was bronze.
Doryphoros
c. 450 BCE; 
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Polykleitos
Means the Spear bearer, Spartan ideal of body, hand once held a spear. He averts your gaze.
Doryphoros
c. 450 BCE;
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Polykleitos
Means the Spear bearer, Spartan ideal of body, hand once held a spear. He averts your gaze.
Nike Adjusting her Sandal
c. 410 BCE; 
Period: Classical Greek
From the temple of Athena Nike, by the Parthenon, deeply incised drapery lines reveal the body, wet drapery.
Nike Adjusting her Sandal
c. 410 BCE;
Period: Classical Greek
From the temple of Athena Nike, by the Parthenon, deeply incised drapery lines reveal the body, wet drapery.
Hermes and the Infant Dionysos
c. 340 BCE; 
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Praxiteles
Roman copy of bronze original. Shallow S-shaped curve, Dionysus reaching for grapes that were once held by Hermes.
Hermes and the Infant Dionysos
c. 340 BCE;
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Praxiteles
Roman copy of bronze original. Shallow S-shaped curve, Dionysus reaching for grapes that were once held by Hermes.
Apoxyomenos
c. 330 BCE; 
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Lysippos
Means The Scraper, encourages the viewer to walk around the sculpture. Head is 1/8 of the body.
Apoxyomenos
c. 330 BCE;
Period: Classical Greek
Artist: Lysippos
Means The Scraper, encourages the viewer to walk around the sculpture. Head is 1/8 of the body.
Dying Gaul
c. 230 BCE
Period: Hellenistic Greek
Artist: Epigonos
Seen as a hero by Greeks, figure meant to be seen from different angles.
Dying Gaul
c. 230 BCE
Period: Hellenistic Greek
Artist: Epigonos
Seen as a hero by Greeks, figure meant to be seen from different angles.
Nike of Samothrace
c. 190 BCE
Period: Hellenistic Greek
Built to commemorate a naval victory.
Nike of Samothrace
c. 190 BCE
Period: Hellenistic Greek
Built to commemorate a naval victory.
Laocoon and His Sons
First Century
Artists: Rhodes Sculptors(Agesander, Athenodoros, Polydorus) 
Period: Hellenistic Greek
Story from the Aeneid of the Trojan priest who tried to warn his people of the dangers lurking inside the Trojan horse. snakes were sent by the gods to prevent him. Heightened musculature accentuates pathos of the moment.
Laocoon and His Sons
First Century
Artists: Rhodes Sculptors(Agesander, Athenodoros, Polydorus)
Period: Hellenistic Greek
Story from the Aeneid of the Trojan priest who tried to warn his people of the dangers lurking inside the Trojan horse. snakes were sent by the gods to prevent him. Heightened musculature accentuates pathos of the moment.
Achilles and Ajax
c. 540 BCE
Artist: Exekias
On an amphora vase, body curves mimics the curve of the vase.
Achilles and Ajax
c. 540 BCE
Artist: Exekias
On an amphora vase, body curves mimics the curve of the vase.
Tomb of the Leopards
c. 480 BCE
Culture: Etruscan
Tomb of the Leopards
c. 480 BCE
Culture: Etruscan
Sarcophagus from Cerveteri
c. 520 BCE
Culture: Etruscan
Most concentration is placed on upper body, very little placed on legs.
Sarcophagus from Cerveteri
c. 520 BCE
Culture: Etruscan
Most concentration is placed on upper body, very little placed on legs.
Maison Carree
c. 1 CE
Culture: Romans
Maison Carree
c. 1 CE
Culture: Romans
Pont du Gard
c. 16 BCE
Culture: Roman
Pont du Gard
c. 16 BCE
Culture: Roman
Ara Pacis
c. 13 BCE
Culture: Roman
Ara Pacis
c. 13 BCE
Culture: Roman
Pantheon
c. 118 CE
Culture: Roman
Pantheon
c. 118 CE
Culture: Roman
Hadrian's Villa
C. 125 CE
Partly designed by Emperor Hadrian
Culture: Roman
Hadrian’s Villa
C. 125 CE
Partly designed by Emperor Hadrian
Culture: Roman
Arch of Constantine
c. 312 CE
Culture: Roman
Arch of Constantine
c. 312 CE
Culture: Roman
Augustus of Primaporta
c. 20 CE
Culture: Roman (High Imperial)
Augustus of Primaporta
c. 20 CE
Culture: Roman (High Imperial)
Colum of Trajan
c. 112 CE
Culture: Roman
Colum of Trajan
c. 112 CE
Culture: Roman
Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius
c. 175 CE
Culture: Roman
Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius
c. 175 CE
Culture: Roman
Constantine
c. 315 CE
Culture: Roman
Originally part of an equestrian statue
Constantine
c. 315 CE
Culture: Roman
Originally part of an equestrian statue
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
c. 359 
Period: Early Christian
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
c. 359
Period: Early Christian
San Vitale
c. 526 
Culture: Byzantine
San Vitale
c. 526
Culture: Byzantine
Justinian and Attendants
c. 547 
Culture: Byzantine
Mosaic
Justinian and Attendants
c. 547
Culture: Byzantine
Mosaic
Theodora and Attendants
c. 547
Culture: Byzantine
Mosaic
Theodora and Attendants
c. 547
Culture: Byzantine
Mosaic
Sant' Apollinare in Classe
c. 549
Culture: Byzantine
Sant’ Apollinare in Classe
c. 549
Culture: Byzantine
Dome of the Rock
c. 687
Culture: Islamic
Dome of the Rock
c. 687
Culture: Islamic
Great Mosque at Cordoba
c. 700
Culture: Islamic
Great Mosque at Cordoba
c. 700
Culture: Islamic
Court of the Lions
c. 1354 
Culture: Islamic
Court of the Lions
c. 1354
Culture: Islamic
Hagia Sophia
c. 1568
Culture: Islamic
Artist: Sianan
Hagia Sophia
c. 1568
Culture: Islamic
Artist: Sianan
Book of Kells
c. 800
Period: Early Medieval
Book of Kells
c. 800
Period: Early Medieval
Bishop Bernward Doors
c. 1015 
Period: Ottonian
Bishop Bernward Doors
c. 1015
Period: Ottonian
Gero crucifix
c. 970
Period: Ottonian
Gero crucifix
c. 970
Period: Ottonian
Pisa Cathedral
c. 1063
Period: Romanesque
Pisa Cathedral
c. 1063
Period: Romanesque
Saint-Sernin
c. 1070
Period: Romanesque
Saint-Sernin
c. 1070
Period: Romanesque
Last Judgment
c. 1120
Artist: Gislebertus
Period: Romanesque
Last Judgment
c. 1120
Artist: Gislebertus
Period: Romanesque
Bayeux Tapestry
c. 1070
Period: Romanesque
Bayeux Tapestry
c. 1070
Period: Romanesque
Chartres Cathedral
c. 1134
Period: Early Gothic
Chartres Cathedral
c. 1134
Period: Early Gothic
Amiens Cathedral
c. 1220
Period: High Gothic
Amiens Cathedral
c. 1220
Period: High Gothic
Salisbury Cathedral
c. 1220
Period: High Gothic
Salisbury Cathedral
c. 1220
Period: High Gothic
Madonna Enthroned
c. 1280
Artist: Cimabue
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Madonna Enthroned
c. 1280
Artist: Cimabue
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Madonna Enthroned
c. 1310
Artist: Giotto
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Madonna Enthroned
c. 1310
Artist: Giotto
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Lamentation
c. 1305
Artist: Giotto
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Lamentation
c. 1305
Artist: Giotto
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Maestá
c. 1308
Artist: Duccio
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Maestá
c. 1308
Artist: Duccio
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Annunciation
c. 1333
Artist: Simone Martini
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Annunciation
c. 1333
Artist: Simone Martini
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Good Government in the City
c. 1338
Artist: Lorenzetti
Period: Proto-Renaissance
Good Government in the City
c. 1338
Artist: Lorenzetti
Period: Proto-Renaissance
The Pisa Pulpit
c. 1259
Artist: Pisano Brothers
Period: Proto-Renaissance
The Pisa Pulpit
c. 1259
Artist: Pisano Brothers
Period: Proto-Renaissance
The Merode Altarpiece
c. 1425
Artist: Campin
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Merode Altarpiece
c. 1425
Artist: Campin
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Ghent Altarpiece (Open)
c. 1432
Artist: Jan Van Eyck
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Ghent Altarpiece (Open)
c. 1432
Artist: Jan Van Eyck
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Ghent Altarpiece (Closed)
c. 1432
Artist: Jan Van Eyck
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Ghent Altarpiece (Closed)
c. 1432
Artist: Jan Van Eyck
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Arnolfini Wedding
c. 1434
Artist: Jan van Eyck
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Arnolfini Wedding
c. 1434
Artist: Jan van Eyck
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Deposition
c. 1435
Artist: Rogier van der Weyden
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Deposition
c. 1435
Artist: Rogier van der Weyden
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Portinari Altarpiece
c. 1476
Artist: Hugo van der Goes
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Portinari Altarpiece
c. 1476
Artist: Hugo van der Goes
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Well of Moses
c. 1395
Artist: Claus Sluter
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
The Well of Moses
c. 1395
Artist: Claus Sluter
Period: Early Northern Renaissance
Florence Cathedral
c. 1420
Artist: Brunelleschi
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Florence Cathedral
c. 1420
Artist: Brunelleschi
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Pazzi Chapel
c. 1423
Artist: Brunelleschi
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Pazzi Chapel
c. 1423
Artist: Brunelleschi
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Holy Trinity
c. 1427
Artist: Masaccio
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Holy Trinity
c. 1427
Artist: Masaccio
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Tribute Money
c. 1425
Artist: Masaccio
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Tribute Money
c. 1425
Artist: Masaccio
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
c. 1425
Artist: Masaccio
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
c. 1425
Artist: Masaccio
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Annunciation
c. 1438
Artist: Fra Angelico
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Annunciation
c. 1438
Artist: Fra Angelico
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Room of the Newlyweds
c. 1465
Artist: Mantegna
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Room of the Newlyweds
c. 1465
Artist: Mantegna
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Delivering of the Keys
c. 1482
Artist: Perugino
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Delivering of the Keys
c. 1482
Artist: Perugino
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Birth of Venus
c. 1485
Artist: Botticelli
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Birth of Venus
c. 1485
Artist: Botticelli
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Sacrifice of Isaac
c. 1401
Artist: Ghiberti
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Sacrifice of Isaac
c. 1401
Artist: Ghiberti
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Sacrifice of Isaac
c. 1401
Artist: Brunelleschi
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Sacrifice of Isaac
c. 1401
Artist: Brunelleschi
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Gates of Paradise
c. 1425
Artist: Ghiberti
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Gates of Paradise
c. 1425
Artist: Ghiberti
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
David
c. 1420
Artist: Donatello
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
David
c. 1420
Artist: Donatello
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Mary Magdalene
c. 1430
Artist: Donatello
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
Mary Magdalene
c. 1430
Artist: Donatello
Period: Early Italian Renaissance
The Tempietto
c. 1502
Artist: Bramante
Period: High Renaissance
The Tempietto
c. 1502
Artist: Bramante
Period: High Renaissance
Saint Peter's
c. 1546
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Saint Peter’s
c. 1546
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
The Last Supper
c. 1495
Artist: Da Vinci
Period: High Renaissance
The Last Supper
c. 1495
Artist: Da Vinci
Period: High Renaissance
Mona Lisa
c. 1503
Artist: Da Vinci
Period: High Renaissance
Mona Lisa
c. 1503
Artist: Da Vinci
Period: High Renaissance
Sistine Chapel
c. 1508
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Sistine Chapel
c. 1508
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Last Judgment 
c. 1534
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Last Judgment
c. 1534
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
The School of Athens
c. 1509
Artist: Raphael 
Period: High Renaissance
The School of Athens
c. 1509
Artist: Raphael
Period: High Renaissance
Pietá
c. 1498
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Pietá
c. 1498
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
David
c. 1501
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
David
c. 1501
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Capitoline Hill
c. 1537
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
A civic plaza in the center of Rome. Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius placed in the center.
Capitoline Hill
c. 1537
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
A civic plaza in the center of Rome. Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius placed in the center.
Moses
c. 1513
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
Moses
c. 1513
Artist: Michelangelo
Period: High Renaissance
The Pastoral Concert
c. 1508
Artist: Giorgione and Titian
Period: High Renaissance
The Pastoral Concert
c. 1508
Artist: Giorgione and Titian
Period: High Renaissance
The Tempest
c. 1510
Artist: Giorgione
Period: High Renaissance
The Tempest
c. 1510
Artist: Giorgione
Period: High Renaissance
Palazzo del Te
c. 1525
Artist: Romano
Period: Mannerist
Palazzo del Te
c. 1525
Artist: Romano
Period: Mannerist
Entombment
c. 1525
Artist: Pontormo
Period: Mannerist
Entombment
c. 1525
Artist: Pontormo
Period: Mannerist
Madonna of the Long Neck
c. 1535
Artist: Parmigianino
Period: Mannerist
Madonna of the Long Neck
c. 1535
Artist: Parmigianino
Period: Mannerist
The Last Supper
c. 1594
Artist: Tintoretto
Period: Mannerist
The Last Supper
c. 1594
Artist: Tintoretto
Period: Mannerist
Christ in the House of Levi
c. 1573
Artist: Veronese
Period: Mannerist
Originally titled Last Supper but name was changed because it was deemed inappropriate. This is from the book Mark, in which Jesus has dinner in a house filled with sinners.
Christ in the House of Levi
c. 1573
Artist: Veronese
Period: Mannerist
Originally titled Last Supper but name was changed because it was deemed inappropriate. This is from the book Mark, in which Jesus has dinner in a house filled with sinners.
Villa Rotunda
c. 1566
Artist: Palladio
Villa Rotunda
c. 1566
Artist: Palladio
Garden of Earthly Delights
c. 1505
Artist: Bosch
Period: Late Renaissance
Garden of Earthly Delights
c. 1505
Artist: Bosch
Period: Late Renaissance
Isenheim altarpiece
c. 1510
Artist: Grunewald
Period: Late Renaissance
Isenheim altarpiece
c. 1510
Artist: Grunewald
Period: Late Renaissance
Adam and Eve
c. 1504
Artist: Durer
Period: Late Renaissance
Adam and Eve
c. 1504
Artist: Durer
Period: Late Renaissance
The French Ambassadors
c. 1533
Artist: Holbein the Younger
Period: Late Renaissance
The French Ambassadors
c. 1533
Artist: Holbein the Younger
Period: Late Renaissance
Henry VIII
c. 1540
Artist: Holbein the Younger
Period: Late Renaissance
Henry VIII
c. 1540
Artist: Holbein the Younger
Period: Late Renaissance
Hunters in the Snow
c. 1565
Artist: Breughel
Period: Late Renaissance
Hunters in the Snow
c. 1565
Artist: Breughel
Period: Late Renaissance
Ecstasy of Saint Theresa
c. 1645
Artist: Bernini
Period: Baroque
Natural light thrown onto the art from a hidden window. There is a stage-like setting with the patrons, sitting in theatre boxes looking on.
Ecstasy of Saint Theresa
c. 1645
Artist: Bernini
Period: Baroque
Natural light thrown onto the art from a hidden window. There is a stage-like setting with the patrons, sitting in theatre boxes looking on.
Calling of Saint Matthew
c. 1597
Artist: Caravaggio
Period: Baroque
Christ's hand gesture similar to Adam's on the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
Calling of Saint Matthew
c. 1597
Artist: Caravaggio
Period: Baroque
Christ’s hand gesture similar to Adam’s on the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
Judith and Her maidservant with the head of Holofernes
c. 1614
Artist: Gentileschi
Period: Baroque
Gentileschi specialized in painted images of women triumphing over men. She was one of the first women artists we study.
Judith and Her maidservant with the head of Holofernes
c. 1614
Artist: Gentileschi
Period: Baroque
Gentileschi specialized in painted images of women triumphing over men. She was one of the first women artists we study.
Las Meninas
c. 1656
Artist: Velazquez
Period: Baroque
Las Meninas
c. 1656
Artist: Velazquez
Period: Baroque
Marie de' Medici 
c. 1622-1625
Artist: Rubens
Period: Baroque
Inspired by Titian and Caravaggio, big fat women are known as Rubenesque women. Part of twenty-one huge paintings telling the life of Marie de' Medici
Marie de’ Medici
c. 1622-1625
Artist: Rubens
Period: Baroque
Inspired by Titian and Caravaggio, big fat women are known as Rubenesque women. Part of twenty-one huge paintings telling the life of Marie de’ Medici
Charles I Dismounted
c. 1635
Artist: Van Dyck
Period: Baroque
Charles I Dismounted
c. 1635
Artist: Van Dyck
Period: Baroque
Self-Portrait
c. 1660
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Rembrandt did many self portraits revealing the psychological tension.
Self-Portrait
c. 1660
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Rembrandt did many self portraits revealing the psychological tension.
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
c. 1632
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
c. 1632
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Night Watch
c. 1642
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque 
Shows militia out on patrol,
Night Watch
c. 1642
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Shows militia out on patrol,
The Hundred Guilder Print
c. 1649
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Known as The Hundred Guilder print because someone payed a 100 guilders for it.
The Hundred Guilder Print
c. 1649
Artist: Rembrandt
Period: Baroque
Known as The Hundred Guilder print because someone payed a 100 guilders for it.
1700-1750.
Rococo Art is much more domestic than Baroque art. Depicts the lifestyle of the aristocratic. Use of pastel colors and thick flowing brushstrokes.
Rococo Art
The Return from Cythera
c. 1717
Artist: Watteau
Period: Rococo 
Light and dreamy atmospheric perspective, shows lovers leaving the island of Venus
The Return from Cythera
c. 1717
Artist: Watteau
Period: Rococo
Light and dreamy atmospheric perspective, shows lovers leaving the island of Venus
The Swing
c. 1766
Artist: Fragonard
Period: Rococo
The Swing
c. 1766
Artist: Fragonard
Period: Rococo
The Breakfast Scene from Marriage á la Mode
c. 1745
Artist: Hogarth
Period: English Rococo (Grand Manner)
One of a series of six paintings that satirized the folly of the English aristocracy.
The Breakfast Scene from Marriage á la Mode
c. 1745
Artist: Hogarth
Period: English Rococo (Grand Manner)
One of a series of six paintings that satirized the folly of the English aristocracy.
1750-1815
Neoclassicism
Chiswick House
c. 1725
Artist: Richard Boyle and William Kent
Period: Neoclassical
High influence from Villa Rotund: Palladio's statue is placed at far left, Palladian motif of the decorated balls on the balustrade of the main floor; Palladian low dome; main floor raised over exposed basement level; pediments over windows and doors
Chiswick House
c. 1725
Artist: Richard Boyle and William Kent
Period: Neoclassical
High influence from Villa Rotund: Palladio’s statue is placed at far left, Palladian motif of the decorated balls on the balustrade of the main floor; Palladian low dome; main floor raised over exposed basement level; pediments over windows and doors
Monticello
c. 1770
Artist: Thomas Jefferson
Period: Neoclassical
Means little mountain in Italian. Inspired by Greek and roman buildings.
Monticello
c. 1770
Artist: Thomas Jefferson
Period: Neoclassical
Means little mountain in Italian. Inspired by Greek and roman buildings.
Death of General Wolfe
c. 1771
Artist: Benjamin West
Period: Neoclassical
Depicts the Battle of Quebec, 1759
Death of General Wolfe
c. 1771
Artist: Benjamin West
Period: Neoclassical
Depicts the Battle of Quebec, 1759
Oath of the Horatii
c. 1784
Artist: David
Period: Neoclassical
Roman story of Roman brothers fighting other Roman brothers to the death.
Oath of the Horatii
c. 1784
Artist: David
Period: Neoclassical
Roman story of Roman brothers fighting other Roman brothers to the death.
Death of Marat
c. 1793
Artist: David
Period: neoclassical
Marat was the leader of the French Revolution. Desk is like a tombstone, People shunned David for years because of this painting
Death of Marat
c. 1793
Artist: David
Period: neoclassical
Marat was the leader of the French Revolution. Desk is like a tombstone, People shunned David for years because of this painting
Pauline Borghese as Venus
c. 1808
Artist: Canova
Period: Neoclassical
Napoleon's sister posed as Venus
Pauline Borghese as Venus
c. 1808
Artist: Canova
Period: Neoclassical
Napoleon’s sister posed as Venus
The Houses of Parliament
c. 1836
Artists: Barry and Pugin
Period: Romantic( Neo-Gothic)
The Houses of Parliament
c. 1836
Artists: Barry and Pugin
Period: Romantic( Neo-Gothic)
The sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
c. 1799
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic 
Shows that monsters haunt even the most rational mind
The sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
c. 1799
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
Shows that monsters haunt even the most rational mind
Family of Charles IV
c. 1800
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
Some thought that Goya was mocking the royal family. Goya painted himself in background. Two great Velazquez paintings in background.
Family of Charles IV
c. 1800
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
Some thought that Goya was mocking the royal family. Goya painted himself in background. Two great Velazquez paintings in background.
Third of May
c. 1814
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
Execution of Spanish Rebels after a failed uprising against the French. Central Spanish figures is Christ-like with stigmata and pure white clothes.
Third of May
c. 1814
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
Execution of Spanish Rebels after a failed uprising against the French. Central Spanish figures is Christ-like with stigmata and pure white clothes.
Saturn devouring one of his children
c. 1819
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
One of his black wall paintings. Symbolic of: human self-destruction, time destroys all its creations, a country eating its young in pointless wars.
Saturn devouring one of his children
c. 1819
Artist: Goya
Period: Spanish Romantic
One of his black wall paintings. Symbolic of: human self-destruction, time destroys all its creations, a country eating its young in pointless wars.
The Raft of Medusa
c. 1818
Artist: Gericault
Period: French Romantic
Depicts the raft of the shipwrecked vessel Medusa. Fifteen people survived by eating one another.
The Raft of Medusa
c. 1818
Artist: Gericault
Period: French Romantic
Depicts the raft of the shipwrecked vessel Medusa. Fifteen people survived by eating one another.
Liberty leading the people
c. 1830
Artist: Delacroix
Period: French Romantic 
July revolution of 183
Liberty leading the people
c. 1830
Artist: Delacroix
Period: French Romantic
July revolution of 183
The Hay Wain
c. 1821
Artist: John Constable
Period: English Romantic
Painting the English countryside as a reaction against the industrial revolution.
The Hay Wain
c. 1821
Artist: John Constable
Period: English Romantic
Painting the English countryside as a reaction against the industrial revolution.
The Oxbow
c. 1836
Artist: Cole
Period: American Romantic
Founder of the Hudson River school. painted as a reply to a British book that alleged that Americans had destroyed a wilderness with industry.
The Oxbow
c. 1836
Artist: Cole
Period: American Romantic
Founder of the Hudson River school. painted as a reply to a British book that alleged that Americans had destroyed a wilderness with industry.
Artists Studio
c. 1837
Artist: Daguerre
Period: Photography
Still life inspired by vanitas paintings.
Artists Studio
c. 1837
Artist: Daguerre
Period: Photography
Still life inspired by vanitas paintings.
Realism( 1848-1860s)
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (1848-1860)
Impressionism(1872-1880s)
Post-Impressionism(1880s-1890s)
Symbolism(1890s)
Art Nouveau(1890s-1914)
Late Nineteenth Century Art
Burial at Ornans
c. 1849
Artist: Courbet
Period: Realism
Burial at Ornans
c. 1849
Artist: Courbet
Period: Realism
Rue Transnonain 
c. 1834
Artist: Daumier
Period: Realism
Worker unrest, suppresed by government troops. Three generations shown: middle aged man on top of child, old man in foreground. Lithograph used to mass produce image
Rue Transnonain
c. 1834
Artist: Daumier
Period: Realism
Worker unrest, suppresed by government troops. Three generations shown: middle aged man on top of child, old man in foreground. Lithograph used to mass produce image
Third Class Carriage
c. 1862
Artist: Daumier
Period: Realism
Poor huddled in the third-class compartment.
Third Class Carriage
c. 1862
Artist: Daumier
Period: Realism
Poor huddled in the third-class compartment.
The Gleaners
c. 1857
Artist: Millet
Period: Realism
Millet was a member of the Barbizon school of painting, painted rural towns. shows the nobility of the poor, the nobility of hard work. Seen by the public as a socialist painting.
The Gleaners
c. 1857
Artist: Millet
Period: Realism
Millet was a member of the Barbizon school of painting, painted rural towns. shows the nobility of the poor, the nobility of hard work. Seen by the public as a socialist painting.
Luncheon on the grass
c. 1863
Artist: Manet
Period: Realism
Manet tried to enter the French salon with this painting, however it was allowed into the Salon des Refuses. Influenced by Giorgione's The Pastoral concert.
Luncheon on the grass
c. 1863
Artist: Manet
Period: Realism
Manet tried to enter the French salon with this painting, however it was allowed into the Salon des Refuses. Influenced by Giorgione’s The Pastoral concert.
Olympia
c. 1863
Artist: Manet
Period: Realism
Inspired by Titian's Venus of Urbino, figures is cold and uninviting, no emotion.
Olympia
c. 1863
Artist: Manet
Period: Realism
Inspired by Titian’s Venus of Urbino, figures is cold and uninviting, no emotion.
The Gross clinic
c. 1875
Artist: Thomas Eakins
Period: Realism
Reminiscent of Anatomy lesson of Dr. Tulp by Rembrandt. Patients mother in background in tears. Painting celebrates the advance of medical science
The Gross clinic
c. 1875
Artist: Thomas Eakins
Period: Realism
Reminiscent of Anatomy lesson of Dr. Tulp by Rembrandt. Patients mother in background in tears. Painting celebrates the advance of medical science
The Banjo lesson 
c. 1893
Artist: Henry Ossawa Tanner
Period: Realism
tanner was a student of Eakins. Shows exchange of values from one generation to the other
The Banjo lesson
c. 1893
Artist: Henry Ossawa Tanner
Period: Realism
tanner was a student of Eakins. Shows exchange of values from one generation to the other
Horse Jumping
c. 1878
Artist: Eadward Muybridge
Period: Realism
Used a device called a zoopraxiscope to show that at some point in a horses gallop both of its feet are above the ground.
Horse Jumping
c. 1878
Artist: Eadward Muybridge
Period: Realism
Used a device called a zoopraxiscope to show that at some point in a horses gallop both of its feet are above the ground.
Beata Beatrix
c. 1863
Artist: Rosetti
Period: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
The pre-Raphaelite brotherhood was a tightly knit group of English artists who believed that Raphael caused the death of art history by introducing a dramatic form of chiaroscuro. Liked Fra Angelico and Jan van Eyck.
Beata Beatrix
c. 1863
Artist: Rosetti
Period: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
The pre-Raphaelite brotherhood was a tightly knit group of English artists who believed that Raphael caused the death of art history by introducing a dramatic form of chiaroscuro. Liked Fra Angelico and Jan van Eyck.
Rouen Cathedral
c.1894
Artist: Monet
Period: Impressionism
Monet painted a series of paintings of the same subject done at different times of day/days. Subtle gradations of light on surface.
Rouen Cathedral
c.1894
Artist: Monet
Period: Impressionism
Monet painted a series of paintings of the same subject done at different times of day/days. Subtle gradations of light on surface.
Le Moulin de la Galette
c. 1876
Artist: Renoir
Period: Impressionism
People go about their business they do not pose.
Le Moulin de la Galette
c. 1876
Artist: Renoir
Period: Impressionism
People go about their business they do not pose.
The Rehearsal on Stage
c. 1874
Artist: Degas
Period: Impressionism
Degas mainly focused on ballerinas. Influence of Japanese prints in compositional elements.
The Rehearsal on Stage
c. 1874
Artist: Degas
Period: Impressionism
Degas mainly focused on ballerinas. Influence of Japanese prints in compositional elements.
Mother and Child
c. 1908
Artist: Cassatt
Period: Impressionism
Mother-and-child theme a specialty of Cassatt, no posing or acting, figures possess a natural charm. Decorative charm influenced by Japanese art.
Mother and Child
c. 1908
Artist: Cassatt
Period: Impressionism
Mother-and-child theme a specialty of Cassatt, no posing or acting, figures possess a natural charm. Decorative charm influenced by Japanese art.
The Starry Night
c. 1889
Artist: van Gogh
Period: Post-Impressionism
Thick short brushstrokes. Shows at one with the forces of nature. Tree looks like green flames reaching into the sky exploding with stars over a placid village. The cypress tree a traditional symbol of death and eternal life.
The Starry Night
c. 1889
Artist: van Gogh
Period: Post-Impressionism
Thick short brushstrokes. Shows at one with the forces of nature. Tree looks like green flames reaching into the sky exploding with stars over a placid village. The cypress tree a traditional symbol of death and eternal life.
Sunday afternoon on the Grand Jatte
c. 1884
Artist: Seurat
Period: Post-Impressionism
Seurat used pointillist technique.
Sunday afternoon on the Grand Jatte
c. 1884
Artist: Seurat
Period: Post-Impressionism
Seurat used pointillist technique.
A basket of Apples
c. 1893
Artist: Cezanne
Period: Post-Impressionism
A basket of Apples
c. 1893
Artist: Cezanne
Period: Post-Impressionism
The Scream
c. 1893
Artist: Edvard Munch
Period: Symbolism
Emaciated twisting stick figure with skull-like head.
The Scream
c. 1893
Artist: Edvard Munch
Period: Symbolism
Emaciated twisting stick figure with skull-like head.
Casa Mila
c. 1907
Artist: Gaudí
Period: Art Nouveau
Modern apartment building. Undulating twisting forms of hand-cut stone.
Casa Mila
c. 1907
Artist: Gaudí
Period: Art Nouveau
Modern apartment building. Undulating twisting forms of hand-cut stone.
The Eiffel Tower
c. 1887
Artist: Eiffel
Period: Late-nineteenth century architecture
Eiffel helped in the construction of the statue of liberty, the panama canal. Triumph of wrought iron design. Cantilevered iron.
The Eiffel Tower
c. 1887
Artist: Eiffel
Period: Late-nineteenth century architecture
Eiffel helped in the construction of the statue of liberty, the panama canal. Triumph of wrought iron design. Cantilevered iron.
Carson Pirie Scott (Chicago)
c. 1899
Artist: Sullivan
Period: Late Nineteenth-Century architecture
Sullivan's motto is
Carson Pirie Scott (Chicago)
c. 1899
Artist: Sullivan
Period: Late Nineteenth-Century architecture
Sullivan’s motto is “Form follows function” influence of Art Nouveau in decorative touches. Maximum window areas to admit light.
Burghers of Calais
c. 1884
Artist: Rodin
Period: Late Nineteenth Century architecture
Six burghers offer their lives to the English king in return for saving their besieged city.
Burghers of Calais
c. 1884
Artist: Rodin
Period: Late Nineteenth Century architecture
Six burghers offer their lives to the English king in return for saving their besieged city.