AP Art History Canon

Title/ Designation: Apollo 11 Stones
Artist/Culture: Namibia
Date of Creation: 25,500-25,300 BCE
Materials: Charcoal on stone
Title/ Designation: Apollo 11 Stones
Artist/Culture: Namibia
Date of Creation: 25,500-25,300 BCE
Materials: Charcoal on stone
Title/ Designation: Great Hall of the Bulls
Artist/Culture: Lascaux, France
Date of Creation: 15,000-13,000 BCE
Materials: Rock Painting
Title/ Designation: Great Hall of the Bulls
Artist/Culture: Lascaux, France
Date of Creation: 15,000-13,000 BCE
Materials: Rock Painting
Title/ Designation: Camelid Sacrum in the shape of a canine
Artist/Culture: Tequixquiac, Central Mexico
Date of Creation: 14,000-7,000 BCE
Materials: bone
Title/ Designation: Camelid Sacrum in the shape of a canine
Artist/Culture: Tequixquiac, Central Mexico
Date of Creation: 14,000-7,000 BCE
Materials: bone
Title/ Designation:Tassili n'Ajjer
Artist/Culture: Algeria
Date of Creation: 6,000-4,000 BCE
Materials: Pigment on Rock
Title/ Designation:Tassili n’Ajjer
Artist/Culture: Algeria
Date of Creation: 6,000-4,000 BCE
Materials: Pigment on Rock
Title/ Designation: Beaker (or bushel) with ibex motifs
Artist/Culture: Susa, Iran
Date of Creation: 4,200-3,500 BCE
Materials: Painted terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Beaker (or bushel) with ibex motifs
Artist/Culture: Susa, Iran
Date of Creation: 4,200-3,500 BCE
Materials: Painted terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Anthropomorphic Stele
Artist/Culture: Arabian Peninsula
Date of Creation: 4th millennium BCE
Materials: Sandstone
Title/ Designation: Anthropomorphic Stele
Artist/Culture: Arabian Peninsula
Date of Creation: 4th millennium BCE
Materials: Sandstone
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Title/ Designation: Jade Cong
Artist/Culture: Liangzhu, China
Date of Creation: 3,300-2,200 BCE 
Materials: Carved Jade
Title/ Designation: Jade Cong
Artist/Culture: Liangzhu, China
Date of Creation: 3,300-2,200 BCE
Materials: Carved Jade
Title/ Designation: Stongehenge
Artist/Culture: Wiltshire, UK, Neolithic Europe
Date of Creation: 2,500-1,600 BCE
Materials: Sandstone, sarcen, bluestone
Title/ Designation: Stongehenge
Artist/Culture: Wiltshire, UK, Neolithic Europe
Date of Creation: 2,500-1,600 BCE
Materials: Sandstone, sarcen, bluestone
Title/ Designation: The Ambum Stone
Artist/Culture: Ambum Valley, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
Date of Creation: c. 1,500 BCE
Materials: Greywacke
Title/ Designation: The Ambum Stone
Artist/Culture: Ambum Valley, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
Date of Creation: c. 1,500 BCE
Materials: Greywacke
Title/ Designation: Tlatilco Female Figurine
Artist/Culture: Central Mexico, site of Tlatilco
Date of Creation: 12,000-900 BCE
Materials: Ceramic
Title/ Designation: Tlatilco Female Figurine
Artist/Culture: Central Mexico, site of Tlatilco
Date of Creation: 12,000-900 BCE
Materials: Ceramic
Title/ Designation: Lapita
Artist/Culture: Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
Date of Creation: 1000BCE
Materials: Terra cotta (incised)
Title/ Designation: Lapita
Artist/Culture: Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
Date of Creation: 1000BCE
Materials: Terra cotta (incised)
Title/ Designation: White Temple and its ziggurat
Artist/Culture: Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq) Sumerian
Date of Creation: c. 3,500-3,000 BCE
Materials: Mud brick
Title/ Designation: White Temple and its ziggurat
Artist/Culture: Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq) Sumerian
Date of Creation: c. 3,500-3,000 BCE
Materials: Mud brick
Title/ Designation: Palette of King Narmer
Artist/Culture: Predynastic Egypt
Date of Creation:c. 3,000-2,930 BCE
Materials: Greywacke
Title/ Designation: Palette of King Narmer
Artist/Culture: Predynastic Egypt
Date of Creation:c. 3,000-2,930 BCE
Materials: Greywacke
first image= back
second image= front
Title/ Designation: Statues of votive figures, from Square Temple at Eshnunna (Modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
Artist/Culture: Sumerian
Date of Creation: c. 2,700 BCE
Materials: Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
Title/ Designation: Statues of votive figures, from Square Temple at Eshnunna (Modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
Artist/Culture: Sumerian
Date of Creation: c. 2,700 BCE
Materials: Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
Title/ Designation: 
Artist/Culture:Saqqara, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 2,620-2,500 BCE
Materials: painted limestone
Title/ Designation:
Artist/Culture:Saqqara, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 2,620-2,500 BCE
Materials: painted limestone
Title/ Designation: Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq)
Artist/Culture: Sumerian
Date of Creation: 2600-2400 B.C.E. 
Materials: Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone
Title/ Designation: Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq)
Artist/Culture: Sumerian
Date of Creation: 2600-2400 B.C.E.
Materials: Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone
Title/ Designation: Great Pyramids (Menkaura, Khafre, Khufu) and Great Sphinx
Artist/ Culture: Giza, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 2550-2490 B.C.E
Materials: Cut limestone
Title/ Designation: Great Pyramids (Menkaura, Khafre, Khufu) and Great Sphinx
Artist/ Culture: Giza, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 2550-2490 B.C.E
Materials: Cut limestone
Title/ Designation: King Menkaura and queen
Artist/ Culture: Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 2490-2472 B.C.E.
Materials: Greywacke
Title/ Designation: King Menkaura and queen
Artist/ Culture: Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 2490-2472 B.C.E.
Materials: Greywacke
Title/ Designation: The Code of Hammurabi
Artist/ Culture: Babylon (modern Iran). Susian
Date of Creation: c. 1792-1750 B.C.E.
Materials: Basalt
Title/ Designation: The Code of Hammurabi
Artist/ Culture: Babylon (modern Iran). Susian
Date of Creation: c. 1792-1750 B.C.E.
Materials: Basalt
Title/ Designation: Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
Artist/ Culture: Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th and 19th Dynasties
Date of Creation: Temple: c. 1550 B.C.E.; hall: c. 1250 B.C.E.
Materials: Cut sandstone and mud brick
Title/ Designation: Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
Artist/ Culture: Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th and 19th Dynasties
Date of Creation: Temple: c. 1550 B.C.E.; hall: c. 1250 B.C.E.
Materials: Cut sandstone and mud brick
Title/ Designation: Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut 
Artist/ Culture: Near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 1473-1458 B.C.E. 
Materials: Sandstone, partially carved into a rock cliff, and red granite
Title/ Designation: Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut
Artist/ Culture: Near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 1473-1458 B.C.E.
Materials: Sandstone, partially carved into a rock cliff, and red granite
Title/ Designation: Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters.
Artist/ Culture: New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty.
Date of Creation: c. 1353-1335 B.C.E.
Materials: Limestone.
Title/ Designation: Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters.
Artist/ Culture: New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty.
Date of Creation: c. 1353-1335 B.C.E.
Materials: Limestone.
Title/ Designation: Tutankhamun's tomb, innermost coffin
Artist/ Culture: New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty.
Date of Creation: c. 1323 B.C.E.
Materials: Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones
Title/ Designation: Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin
Artist/ Culture: New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty.
Date of Creation: c. 1323 B.C.E.
Materials: Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones
Title/ Designation: Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb (page from the Book of the Dead)
Artist/ Culture: New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 1275 B.C.E.
Materials: Painted papyrus scroll
Title/ Designation: Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb (page from the Book of the Dead)
Artist/ Culture: New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 1275 B.C.E.
Materials: Painted papyrus scroll
Title/ Designation: Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
Artist/ Culture: Neo-Assyrian
Date of Creation: c. 720-705 B.C.E.
Materials: Alabaster
Title/ Designation: Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
Artist/ Culture: Neo-Assyrian
Date of Creation: c. 720-705 B.C.E.
Materials: Alabaster
Title/ Designation: Athenian agora
Artist/ Culture: Archaic through Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation: 600 B.C.E.-150 C.E.
Materials: Plan
Title/ Designation: Athenian agora
Artist/ Culture: Archaic through Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation: 600 B.C.E.-150 C.E.
Materials: Plan
Title/ Designation: Anavysos Kouros
Artist/ Culture: Archaic Greek
Date of Creation: c. 530 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble with remnants of paint
Title/ Designation: Anavysos Kouros
Artist/ Culture: Archaic Greek
Date of Creation: c. 530 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble with remnants of paint
Title/ Designation: Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
Artist/ Culture: Archaic Greek
Date of Creation: c. 530 B.C.E. 
Materials: Marble, painted details
Title/ Designation: Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
Artist/ Culture: Archaic Greek
Date of Creation: c. 530 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble, painted details
Title/ Designation: Sarcophagus of the Spouses
Artist/ Culture: Etruscan
Date of Creation: c. 520 B.C.E.
Materials: Terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Sarcophagus of the Spouses
Artist/ Culture: Etruscan
Date of Creation: c. 520 B.C.E.
Materials: Terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes
Artist/ Culture: Persepolis, Iran. Persian
Date of Creation: c. 520-465 B.C.E.
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes
Artist/ Culture: Persepolis, Iran. Persian
Date of Creation: c. 520-465 B.C.E.
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo
Artist/ Culture: Master sculptor Vulca
Date of Creation: c. 510-500 B.C.E.
Materials: Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture
Title/ Designation: Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo
Artist/ Culture: Master sculptor Vulca
Date of Creation: c. 510-500 B.C.E.
Materials: Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture
Title/ Designation: Tomb of the Triclinium
Artist/ Culture: Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan
Date of Creation: c. 480-470 B.C.E.
Materials: Tufa and fresco
Title/ Designation: Tomb of the Triclinium
Artist/ Culture: Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan
Date of Creation: c. 480-470 B.C.E.
Materials: Tufa and fresco
Title/ Designation: Niobides Krater
Artist/ Culture: Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the
Niobid Painter
Date of Creation: c. 460-450 B.C.E.
Materials: Clay, red-figure technique (white highlights)
Title/ Designation: Niobides Krater
Artist/ Culture: Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the
Niobid Painter
Date of Creation: c. 460-450 B.C.E.
Materials: Clay, red-figure technique (white highlights)
Title/ Designation: Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
Artist/ Culture: Polykleitos
Date of Creation: Original 450-440 B.C.E.
Materials: Roman copy (marble) of Greek original (bronze)
Title/ Designation: Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
Artist/ Culture: Polykleitos
Date of Creation: Original 450-440 B.C.E.
Materials: Roman copy (marble) of Greek original (bronze)
Title/ Designation: Acropolis
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Title/ Designation: Acropolis
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Parthenon
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Parthenon
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation:Temple of Athena Nike
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation:Temple of Athena Nike
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Victory adjusting her sandal
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Victory adjusting her sandal
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Plaque of the Ergastines
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates, artist of plaque is said to be Phidias 
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Acropolis Component
Title/ Designation: Plaque of the Ergastines
Artist/ Culture: Athens, Greece, Iktinos and Kallikrates, artist of plaque is said to be Phidias
Date of Creation: c. 447-410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble.
Title/ Designation: Grave stele of Hegeso
Artist/ Culture: Attributed to Kallimachos
Date of Creation: c. 410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble and paint.
Title/ Designation: Grave stele of Hegeso
Artist/ Culture: Attributed to Kallimachos
Date of Creation: c. 410 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble and paint.
Title/ Designation: Winged Victory of Samothrace
Artist/ Culture: Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation:c. 190 B.C.E. 
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Winged Victory of Samothrace
Artist/ Culture: Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation:c. 190 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
Artist/ Culture: Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation:c. 175 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble (architecture and sculpture)
Title/ Designation: Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
Artist/ Culture: Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation:c. 175 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble (architecture and sculpture)
Title/ Designation: House of the Vettii
Artist/ Culture: Pompeii, Italy. Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: c. second century B.C.E.; rebuilt
c. 62-79 C.E.
Materials: Cut stone and fresco
Title/ Designation: House of the Vettii
Artist/ Culture: Pompeii, Italy. Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: c. second century B.C.E.; rebuilt
c. 62-79 C.E.
Materials: Cut stone and fresco
Title/ Designation: Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
Artist/ Culture: Republican Roman
Date of Creation: c. 100 B.C.E.
Materials: Mosaic
Title/ Designation: Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
Artist/ Culture: Republican Roman
Date of Creation: c. 100 B.C.E.
Materials: Mosaic
Title/ Designation: Seated boxer
Artist/ Culture: Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation: c. 100 B.C.E.
Materials: Bronze
Title/ Designation: Seated boxer
Artist/ Culture: Hellenistic Greek
Date of Creation: c. 100 B.C.E.
Materials: Bronze
Title/ Designation: Head of a Roman patrician
Artist/ Culture: Republican Roman
Date of Creation: c. 75-50 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Head of a Roman patrician
Artist/ Culture: Republican Roman
Date of Creation: c. 75-50 B.C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Augustus of Prima Porta
Artist/ Culture: Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: Early first century C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Augustus of Prima Porta
Artist/ Culture: Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: Early first century C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: 70-80 C.E.
Materials: Stone and concrete
Title/ Designation: Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: 70-80 C.E.
Materials: Stone and concrete
Title/ Designation: Forum of Trajan
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Title/ Designation: Forum of Trajan
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Forum of Trajan Component
Title/ Designation: Basilica Ulpia (reconstruction drawing)
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Forum of Trajan Component
Title/ Designation: Basilica Ulpia (reconstruction drawing)
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Forum of Trajan Component
Title/ Designation: Trajan markets
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Forum of Trajan Component
Title/ Designation: Trajan markets
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Forum of Trajan Component
Title/ Designation: Column of Trajan
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Forum of Trajan Component
Title/ Designation: Column of Trajan
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
Date of Creation: Forum and markets: 106-112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E.
Materials: Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column)
Title/ Designation: Pantheon
Artist/ Culture: Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: 118-125 C.E.
Materials: Concrete with stone facing
Title/ Designation: Pantheon
Artist/ Culture: Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: 118-125 C.E.
Materials: Concrete with stone facing
Title/ Designation: Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
Artist/ Culture: Late Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: c. 250 C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
Artist/ Culture: Late Imperial Roman
Date of Creation: c. 250 C.E.
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Great Stupa at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, India
Artist/ Culture: Buddhist, Maurya, Late Sunga Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 300 BCE-100 CE
Materials: stone masonry, sandstone on dome
Title/ Designation: Great Stupa at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, India
Artist/ Culture: Buddhist, Maurya, Late Sunga Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 300 BCE-100 CE
Materials: stone masonry, sandstone on dome
Title/ Designation: Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China
Artist/ Culture: Qin Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 221-209 BCE
Materials: painted terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China
Artist/ Culture: Qin Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 221-209 BCE
Materials: painted terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Funerary Banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
Artist/ Culture: Han Dynasty, China
Date of Creation: c. 180 BCE
Materials: painted silk
Title/ Designation: Funerary Banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
Artist/ Culture: Han Dynasty, China
Date of Creation: c. 180 BCE
Materials: painted silk
Title/ Designation: Longmen Caves 
Artist/ Culture: Louyang, China, Tang Dynasty 
Date of Creation: 493-1127 CE
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Longmen Caves
Artist/ Culture: Louyang, China, Tang Dynasty
Date of Creation: 493-1127 CE
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Todai-ji
Artist/ Culture: Japan, Various artists, including sculptors Unkei and Keikei as well as the Kei School
Date of Creation: 743 CE rebuilt c. 1700
Materials: Bronze and wood (sculpture); wood with ceramic tile rooting (architecture)
Title/ Designation: Todai-ji
Artist/ Culture: Japan, Various artists, including sculptors Unkei and Keikei as well as the Kei School
Date of Creation: 743 CE rebuilt c. 1700
Materials: Bronze and wood (sculpture); wood with ceramic tile rooting (architecture)
Title/ Designation: Borobudur Temple
Artist/ Culture: Central Java, Indonesia, Sailendra Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 750-842 CE
Materials: Volcanic-stone masonry
Title/ Designation: Borobudur Temple
Artist/ Culture: Central Java, Indonesia, Sailendra Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 750-842 CE
Materials: Volcanic-stone masonry
Title/ Designation: Angkor, the temple of Angkor War and the city of Angkor Thom
Artist/ Culture: Cambodia, Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 800-1400 CE
Materials: stone masonry, sandstone
Title/ Designation: Angkor, the temple of Angkor War and the city of Angkor Thom
Artist/ Culture: Cambodia, Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 800-1400 CE
Materials: stone masonry, sandstone
Title/ Designation: Lakshmana Temple
Artist/ Culture: Khajuraho, India, Chandella Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 920-950 CE
Materials: Sandstone
Title/ Designation: Lakshmana Temple
Artist/ Culture: Khajuraho, India, Chandella Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 920-950 CE
Materials: Sandstone
Title/ Designation: Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
Artist/ Culture: Hindu, India (Tamil Nadu) Chola Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 11th century CE
Materials: cast bronze
Title/ Designation: Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
Artist/ Culture: Hindu, India (Tamil Nadu) Chola Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 11th century CE
Materials: cast bronze
Title/ Designation: The David Vases
Artist/ Culture: Yuan Dynasty, China 
Date of Creation: 1351 CE
Materials: White porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze
Title/ Designation: The David Vases
Artist/ Culture: Yuan Dynasty, China
Date of Creation: 1351 CE
Materials: White porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze
Title/ Designation: Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings 
Artist/ Culture: Bichitr
Date of Creation: c. 1620 CE
Materials: Watercolor, gold, and ink on paper
Title/ Designation: Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings
Artist/ Culture: Bichitr
Date of Creation: c. 1620 CE
Materials: Watercolor, gold, and ink on paper
Title/ Designation: Taj Mahal
Artist/ Culture: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor 
Date of Creation: 1632-1652 CE
Materials: stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones, gardens
Title/ Designation: Taj Mahal
Artist/ Culture: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor
Date of Creation: 1632-1652 CE
Materials: stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones, gardens
Title/ Designation: Chairman Mao en Route to Anyuan
Artist/ Culture: Artist Unknown; based on an oil painting by Liu Chunhua 
Date of Creation: c. 1969 CE
Materials: Color Lithograph
Title/ Designation: Chairman Mao en Route to Anyuan
Artist/ Culture: Artist Unknown; based on an oil painting by Liu Chunhua
Date of Creation: c. 1969 CE
Materials: Color Lithograph
Title/ Designation: Buddha
Artist/ Culture: Bamiyan, Afghanistan, Gandharan
Date of Creation:c. 400-800 (destroyed in 2001)
Materials: cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint
Title/ Designation: Buddha
Artist/ Culture: Bamiyan, Afghanistan, Gandharan
Date of Creation:c. 400-800 (destroyed in 2001)
Materials: cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint
Title/ Designation: Jowo Rinpoche in Jokhang Temple
Artist/ Culture: Lhasa, Tibet, Yarlung Dynasty
Date of Creation: believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 CE 
Materials: gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint, various offerings
Title/ Designation: Jowo Rinpoche in Jokhang Temple
Artist/ Culture: Lhasa, Tibet, Yarlung Dynasty
Date of Creation: believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 CE
Materials: gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint, various offerings
Title/ Designation: Longmen Caves
Artist/ Culture: Louyang, China, Tang Dynasty
Date of Creation: 493-1127
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Longmen Caves
Artist/ Culture: Louyang, China, Tang Dynasty
Date of Creation: 493-1127
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Catacomb of Priscilla
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy; Late Antique Europe
Date of Creation: 200-400 CE
Materials: excavated tufa and fresco
Title/ Designation: Catacomb of Priscilla
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy; Late Antique Europe
Date of Creation: 200-400 CE
Materials: excavated tufa and fresco
– Greek Chapel
– Orant Fresco
– Good Shepherd Fresco
Title/ Designation: Santa Sabina
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy, Late Antique Europe
Date of Creation: c. 422-432 CE
Materials: Brick and wooden roof
Title/ Designation: Santa Sabina
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy, Late Antique Europe
Date of Creation: c. 422-432 CE
Materials: Brick and wooden roof
Title/ Designation: Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well and Jacob Wrestling the Angel from the Vienna Genesis
Artist/ Culture: Early Byzantine Europe
Date of Creation: Early 6th century
Materials: Illuminated manuscript, tempera, gold, and silver on purple vellum
Title/ Designation: Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well and Jacob Wrestling the Angel from the Vienna Genesis
Artist/ Culture: Early Byzantine Europe
Date of Creation: Early 6th century
Materials: Illuminated manuscript, tempera, gold, and silver on purple vellum
Title/ Designation: San Vitale
Artist/ Culture: Ravena, Italy, Early Byzantine Europe 
Date of Creation: c. 526-447 CE
Materials: Brick, marble, stone veneer, mosaic
Title/ Designation: San Vitale
Artist/ Culture: Ravena, Italy, Early Byzantine Europe
Date of Creation: c. 526-447 CE
Materials: Brick, marble, stone veneer, mosaic
– Justinian panel
– Theodora panel
Title/ Designation: Hagia Sophia
Artist/ Culture: Constantinople (Istanbul); Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus
Date of Creation: 532-537 CE
Materials: Brick and ceramic elements with stone and mosaic veneer
Title/ Designation: Hagia Sophia
Artist/ Culture: Constantinople (Istanbul); Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus
Date of Creation: 532-537 CE
Materials: Brick and ceramic elements with stone and mosaic veneer
Title/ Designation: Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George
Artist/ Culture: Early Byzantine Europe
Date of Creation: Sixth or early seventh century CE
Materials: encaustic on wood
Title/ Designation: Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George
Artist/ Culture: Early Byzantine Europe
Date of Creation: Sixth or early seventh century CE
Materials: encaustic on wood
Title/ Designation: Merovingian looped fibulae
Artist/ Culture: Early medieval Europe
Date of Creation: mid-century CE
Materials:silver gilt worked in filigree, with inlays of garnets and other stones
Title/ Designation: Merovingian looped fibulae
Artist/ Culture: Early medieval Europe
Date of Creation: mid-century CE
Materials:silver gilt worked in filigree, with inlays of garnets and other stones
Title/ Designation: Lindisfarne Gospels: St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke portrait page; St. Luke incipit page
Artist/ Culture: Early medieval (Hiberno Saxon) Europe
Date of Creation: c. 700 CE 
Materials: Illuminated manuscript, ink pigments, and gold on vellum
Title/ Designation: Lindisfarne Gospels: St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke portrait page; St. Luke incipit page
Artist/ Culture: Early medieval (Hiberno Saxon) Europe
Date of Creation: c. 700 CE
Materials: Illuminated manuscript, ink pigments, and gold on vellum
– cross carpet page
– incipit page
– St. Luke portrait page
Title/ Designation: Church of Sainte-Foy
Artist/ Culture: Conques, France; Romanesque Europe
Date of Creation: Church: c, 1050-1130 CE; Reliquary of Saint Foy: ninth century CE, with later additions 
Materials: stone (architecture), stone and paint (tympanum); gold, silver, gemstones, and enamel over wood (reliquary)
Title/ Designation: Church of Sainte-Foy
Artist/ Culture: Conques, France; Romanesque Europe
Date of Creation: Church: c, 1050-1130 CE; Reliquary of Saint Foy: ninth century CE, with later additions
Materials: stone (architecture), stone and paint (tympanum); gold, silver, gemstones, and enamel over wood (reliquary)
– The Last Judgement
– Reliquary
Title/ Designation: Bayeux Tapestry
Artist/ Culture: Romanesque Europe (English or Norman)
Date of Creation: c. 1066-1080 CE
Materials: embroidery on linen
Title/ Designation: Bayeux Tapestry
Artist/ Culture: Romanesque Europe (English or Norman)
Date of Creation: c. 1066-1080 CE
Materials: embroidery on linen
– Cavalry attack
– First meal
Title/ Designation: the Kaaba
Artist/ Culture: Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Islamic, Pre-Islamic monument
Date of Creation: rededicated by Muhammad in 631-632 CE; multiple renovations
Materials: Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread
Title/ Designation: the Kaaba
Artist/ Culture: Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Islamic, Pre-Islamic monument
Date of Creation: rededicated by Muhammad in 631-632 CE; multiple renovations
Materials: Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread
Title/ Designation: Dome of Rock
Artist/ Culture: Jerusalem, Islamic, Umayyad
Date of Creation: 691-692 CE with multiple renovations
Materials: stone masonry and wooden rood decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics and gilt aluminum and bronze dome
Title/ Designation: Dome of Rock
Artist/ Culture: Jerusalem, Islamic, Umayyad
Date of Creation: 691-692 CE with multiple renovations
Materials: stone masonry and wooden rood decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics and gilt aluminum and bronze dome
Title/ Designation: Great Mosque 
Artist/ Culture: Córdoba, Spain, Umayyad
Date of Creation: c. 785-786 CE
Materials: stone masonry
Title/ Designation: Great Mosque
Artist/ Culture: Córdoba, Spain, Umayyad
Date of Creation: c. 785-786 CE
Materials: stone masonry
Title/ Designation: Pyxis of al-Mughira
Artist/ Culture: Umayyad 
Date of Creation: c. 968 CE
Materials: Ivory
Title/ Designation: Pyxis of al-Mughira
Artist/ Culture: Umayyad
Date of Creation: c. 968 CE
Materials: Ivory
Title/ Designation: Folio from a Qur'an
Artist/ Culture: Arab, North Africa or Near East, Abbasid
Date of Creation: c. 8th-9th century CE
Materials: ink, color, and gold on parchment
Title/ Designation: Folio from a Qur’an
Artist/ Culture: Arab, North Africa or Near East, Abbasid
Date of Creation: c. 8th-9th century CE
Materials: ink, color, and gold on parchment
Title/ Designation: Basin (Baptistére de St. Louis)
Artist/ Culture: Muhammad ibn al-Zain
Date of Creation: c. 1320-1340 CE
Materials: brass inlaid with gold and silver
Title/ Designation: Basin (Baptistére de St. Louis)
Artist/ Culture: Muhammad ibn al-Zain
Date of Creation: c. 1320-1340 CE
Materials: brass inlaid with gold and silver
Title/ Designation: Great Mosque (Masjid-e Jameh)
Artist/ Culture: Isfahan, Iran, Islamic, Persian: Seljuk, Il-Khanid, Timurid and Safavid Dynasties
Date of Creation: c. 700 CE, additions and restorations in the 14th, 18th, and 20th centuries
Materials: stone, brick, wood, plaster, and glazed ceramic tile
Title/ Designation: Great Mosque (Masjid-e Jameh)
Artist/ Culture: Isfahan, Iran, Islamic, Persian: Seljuk, Il-Khanid, Timurid and Safavid Dynasties
Date of Creation: c. 700 CE, additions and restorations in the 14th, 18th, and 20th centuries
Materials: stone, brick, wood, plaster, and glazed ceramic tile
Title/ Designation: Alhambra
Artist/ Culture: Granada, Spain, Nasrid Dynasty
Date of Creation: 1354- 1391 CE
Materials: Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, and gilding
Title/ Designation: Alhambra
Artist/ Culture: Granada, Spain, Nasrid Dynasty
Date of Creation: 1354- 1391 CE
Materials: Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, and gilding
Title/ Designation: Gold and Jade Crown
Artist/ Culture: Silla Dynasty, Three Kingdoms Period, Korea
Date of Creation: 5th to 6th century
Materials: metalwork
Title/ Designation: Gold and Jade Crown
Artist/ Culture: Silla Dynasty, Three Kingdoms Period, Korea
Date of Creation: 5th to 6th century
Materials: metalwork
Title/ Designation: Travelers among Mountains and Streams
Artist/ Culture: Fan Kuan
Date of Creation: c. 1000 CE Ink and colors on silk
Materials: Ink and colors on silk
Title/ Designation: Travelers among Mountains and Streams
Artist/ Culture: Fan Kuan
Date of Creation: c. 1000 CE Ink and colors on silk
Materials: Ink and colors on silk
Title/ Designation: Night Attack on the Sanjo Palace 
Artist/ Culture: Kamakura Period, Japan
Date of Creation: c. 1250-1300 CE
Materials: Handscroll (ink and color on paper
Title/ Designation: Night Attack on the Sanjo Palace
Artist/ Culture: Kamakura Period, Japan
Date of Creation: c. 1250-1300 CE
Materials: Handscroll (ink and color on paper
Title/ Designation: Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)
Artist/ Culture: Imperial Bureau of Painting
Date of Creation: c. 15th century CE 
Materials: Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
Title/ Designation: Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)
Artist/ Culture: Imperial Bureau of Painting
Date of Creation: c. 15th century CE
Materials: Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
Title/ Designation:
Forbidden City
Artist/ Culture: Beijing, China, Ming Dynasty
Date of Creation: 15th Century CE and later
Materials: stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile
Title/ Designation:
Forbidden City
Artist/ Culture: Beijing, China, Ming Dynasty
Date of Creation: 15th Century CE and later
Materials: stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile
Title/ Designation: Ryoan-ji
Artist/ Culture: Kyoto, Japn, Muromachi Period, Japan
Date of Creation: c. 1480 CE, current design most likely dates to the 18th century
Materials: rock garden
Title/ Designation: Ryoan-ji
Artist/ Culture: Kyoto, Japn, Muromachi Period, Japan
Date of Creation: c. 1480 CE, current design most likely dates to the 18th century
Materials: rock garden
Title/ Designation: The Court of the Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp's Shahnama 
Artist/ Culture: Sultan Muhammad, Safavid Iran
Date of Creation: c. 1522-1525 ce
Materials: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Title/ Designation: The Court of the Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama
Artist/ Culture: Sultan Muhammad, Safavid Iran
Date of Creation: c. 1522-1525 ce
Materials: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Title/ Designation: Bahram Gur Fights the Karg
Artist/ Culture: folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama, Islamic, Persian, Il'Khanid
Date of Creation: c. 1330-1340 CE
Materials: ink and opaque watercolor, gold, silver on paper
Title/ Designation: Bahram Gur Fights the Karg
Artist/ Culture: folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama, Islamic, Persian, Il’Khanid
Date of Creation: c. 1330-1340 CE
Materials: ink and opaque watercolor, gold, silver on paper
Title/ Designation: Ardabil Carpet
Artist/ Culture: Maqsud of Kashan, Persian
Date of Creation: 1540 CE
Materials: Silk and wool
Title/ Designation: Ardabil Carpet
Artist/ Culture: Maqsud of Kashan, Persian
Date of Creation: 1540 CE
Materials: Silk and wool
Title/ Designation: Chartres Cathedral
Artist/ Culture: Chartres, France, Gothic Europe
Date of Creation: Original Construction- c. 1145-1155CE 
Reconstructed- c. 1194-1220 CE
Materials: limestone, stained glass
Title/ Designation: Chartres Cathedral
Artist/ Culture: Chartres, France, Gothic Europe
Date of Creation: Original Construction- c. 1145-1155CE
Reconstructed- c. 1194-1220 CE
Materials: limestone, stained glass
Title/ Designation: Dedication Page with Blanche of Castile and King Louis IX of France, Scenes from the Apocalypse from Bibles Moralisées 
Artist/ Culture: Gothic Europe
Date of Creation: c. 1225-1245 CE
Materials: Illuminated manuscript (ink, tempera, and gold leaf of vellum)
Title/ Designation: Dedication Page with Blanche of Castile and King Louis IX of France, Scenes from the Apocalypse from Bibles Moralisées
Artist/ Culture: Gothic Europe
Date of Creation: c. 1225-1245 CE
Materials: Illuminated manuscript (ink, tempera, and gold leaf of vellum)
Title/ Designation: Rötgen Pietá
Artist/ Culture: Late medieval Europe
Date of Creation: c. 1300-1325 CE
Materials: Painted wood
Title/ Designation: Rötgen Pietá
Artist/ Culture: Late medieval Europe
Date of Creation: c. 1300-1325 CE
Materials: Painted wood
Title/ Designation: Arena (Scrovengi) Chapel, including Lamentation
Artist/ Culture: Padua, Italy, unknown architect, Giotto di Bondone (artist)
Date of Creation: chapel- 1303, fresco- 1305
Materials: brick and fresco
Title/ Designation: Arena (Scrovengi) Chapel, including Lamentation
Artist/ Culture: Padua, Italy, unknown architect, Giotto di Bondone (artist)
Date of Creation: chapel- 1303, fresco- 1305
Materials: brick and fresco
Title/ Designation: Golden Haggadah (Plagues of Egypt, Scenes of Liberation, and Preparation for Passover)
Artist/ Culture: Late medieval Spain
Date of Creation: c. 1320 CE
Materials: Illuminated Manuscript (pigments and gold leaf on vellum)
Title/ Designation: Golden Haggadah (Plagues of Egypt, Scenes of Liberation, and Preparation for Passover)
Artist/ Culture: Late medieval Spain
Date of Creation: c. 1320 CE
Materials: Illuminated Manuscript (pigments and gold leaf on vellum)
Title/ Designation: Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece)
Artist/ Culture: Workshop of Robert Campin
Date of Creation: 1427-1432 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece)
Artist/ Culture: Workshop of Robert Campin
Date of Creation: 1427-1432 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Pazzi Chapel
Artist/ Culture: Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Italy, Filippo Brunelleschi (architect) (maybe Michelozzo)
Date of Creation: c. 1429-1461 CE
Materials: Masonry
Title/ Designation: Pazzi Chapel
Artist/ Culture: Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Italy, Filippo Brunelleschi (architect) (maybe Michelozzo)
Date of Creation: c. 1429-1461 CE
Materials: Masonry
Title/ Designation: The Arnolfini Portrait
Artist/ Culture: Jan van Eych, Northern Renaissance
Date of Creation: c. 1434 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: The Arnolfini Portrait
Artist/ Culture: Jan van Eych, Northern Renaissance
Date of Creation: c. 1434 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: David
Artist/ Culture: Donatello
Date of Creation: 1440-460 CE
Materials: bronze
Title/ Designation: David
Artist/ Culture: Donatello
Date of Creation: 1440-460 CE
Materials: bronze
Title/ Designation: Palazzo Rucellai
Artist/ Culture: Florence, Italy, Leon Battista Alberti (architect)
Date of Creation: c. 1450
Materials: stone, masonry
Title/ Designation: Palazzo Rucellai
Artist/ Culture: Florence, Italy, Leon Battista Alberti (architect)
Date of Creation: c. 1450
Materials: stone, masonry
Title/ Designation: Madonna and Child with Two Angels
Artist/ Culture: Fra Filippo Lippi
Date of Creation: c. 1465 CE
Materials: Tempera on wood
Title/ Designation: Madonna and Child with Two Angels
Artist/ Culture: Fra Filippo Lippi
Date of Creation: c. 1465 CE
Materials: Tempera on wood
Title/ Designation: Birth of Venus
Artist/ Culture: Sandro Botticelli
Date of Creation: 1484-1486
Materials: Tempera on canvas
Title/ Designation: Birth of Venus
Artist/ Culture: Sandro Botticelli
Date of Creation: 1484-1486
Materials: Tempera on canvas
Title/ Designation: Last Supper
Artist/ Culture: Leonardo da Vinci
Date of Creation: 1494-1498
Materials: oil and tempera mixture
Title/ Designation: Last Supper
Artist/ Culture: Leonardo da Vinci
Date of Creation: 1494-1498
Materials: oil and tempera mixture
Title/ Designation: Adam and Eve
Artist/ Culture: Albrecht Dürer
Date of Creation: 1504 CE
Materials: engraving
Title/ Designation: Adam and Eve
Artist/ Culture: Albrecht Dürer
Date of Creation: 1504 CE
Materials: engraving
Title/ Designation: Sistine Chapel ceiling and altar wall frescoes
Artist/ Culture: Vatican, Italy, Michelangelo (frescoes)
Date of Creation: c. 1508-1512 CE, c. 1536-1541
Materials: fresco
Title/ Designation: Sistine Chapel ceiling and altar wall frescoes
Artist/ Culture: Vatican, Italy, Michelangelo (frescoes)
Date of Creation: c. 1508-1512 CE, c. 1536-1541
Materials: fresco
Title/ Designation: School of Athens
Artist/ Culture: Raphael
Date of Creation: 1509-1511
Materials: fresco
Title/ Designation: School of Athens
Artist/ Culture: Raphael
Date of Creation: 1509-1511
Materials: fresco
Title/ Designation: Isenheim Altarpiece
Artist/ Culture: Matthias Grünewald
Date of Creation: c. 1512-1516
Materials: oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Isenheim Altarpiece
Artist/ Culture: Matthias Grünewald
Date of Creation: c. 1512-1516
Materials: oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Entombment of Christ
Artist/ Culture: Jacopo da Pontomormo
Date of Creation: 1525-1528 CE
Materials: oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Entombment of Christ
Artist/ Culture: Jacopo da Pontomormo
Date of Creation: 1525-1528 CE
Materials: oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Venus of Urbino
Artist/ Culture: Titian
Date of Creation: c. 1538 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Venus of Urbino
Artist/ Culture: Titian
Date of Creation: c. 1538 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Mosque of Selim II
Artist/ Culture: Edirne, Turkey, Sinan (architect)
Date of Creation: 1568-1575
Materials: Brick and Stone
Title/ Designation: Mosque of Selim II
Artist/ Culture: Edirne, Turkey, Sinan (architect)
Date of Creation: 1568-1575
Materials: Brick and Stone
Title/ Designation: Il Gesú including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling Fresco
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy; Giacomo da Vignola, plan (architect); Giacomo della Porta, facade (architect), Giovanni Battista Gaulli, ceiling fresco (artist)
Date of Creation: Church= 16th century C.E.; facade= 1568-1584 CE; fresco and stucco figures= 1676-1679 CE
Materials: Brick, marble, fresco, and stucco
Title/ Designation: Il Gesú including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling Fresco
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy; Giacomo da Vignola, plan (architect); Giacomo della Porta, facade (architect), Giovanni Battista Gaulli, ceiling fresco (artist)
Date of Creation: Church= 16th century C.E.; facade= 1568-1584 CE; fresco and stucco figures= 1676-1679 CE
Materials: Brick, marble, fresco, and stucco
Title/ Designation: Hunters in the Snow
Artist/ Culture: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Date of Creation: 1565 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Hunters in the Snow
Artist/ Culture: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Date of Creation: 1565 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Calling of Saint Matthew 
Artist/ Culture: Caravaggio
Date of Creation: c. 1597-1601 CE
Materials: Oil on Canvas
Title/ Designation: Calling of Saint Matthew
Artist/ Culture: Caravaggio
Date of Creation: c. 1597-1601 CE
Materials: Oil on Canvas
Title/ Designation: Henri IV Receives the Portrait of Marie de' Medici, from the Marie de' Medici Cycle 
Artist/ Culture: Peter Paul Ruebens
Date of Creation: 1621-1625
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Henri IV Receives the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici, from the Marie de’ Medici Cycle
Artist/ Culture: Peter Paul Ruebens
Date of Creation: 1621-1625
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Self-Portrait with Saskia 
Artist/ Culture: Rembrant van Rijn 
Date of Creation: 1636 CE
Materials: etching
Title/ Designation: Self-Portrait with Saskia
Artist/ Culture: Rembrant van Rijn
Date of Creation: 1636 CE
Materials: etching
Title/ Designation: San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy; Francesco Borromini 
Date of Creation: 1638-1646 CE
Materials: Stone and stucco
Title/ Designation: San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy; Francesco Borromini
Date of Creation: 1638-1646 CE
Materials: Stone and stucco
– also look at inside and plan
Title/ Designation: Ecstasy of Saint Teresa 
Artist/ Culture: Cornaro Chapel, Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome, Italy, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Date of Creation: c. 1647-1652 CE
Materials: Marble (sculpture); stucco and gilt bronze (chapel)
Title/ Designation: Ecstasy of Saint Teresa
Artist/ Culture: Cornaro Chapel, Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome, Italy, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Date of Creation: c. 1647-1652 CE
Materials: Marble (sculpture); stucco and gilt bronze (chapel)
Title/ Designation: Las Meninas 
Artist/ Culture: Diego Velázquez
Date of Creation: c. 1656 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Las Meninas
Artist/ Culture: Diego Velázquez
Date of Creation: c. 1656 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Woman Holding a Balance
Artist/ Culture: Johannes Vermeer
Date of Creation: c. 1664 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Woman Holding a Balance
Artist/ Culture: Johannes Vermeer
Date of Creation: c. 1664 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Palace at Versailles
Artist/ Culture: Versailles, France, Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart (architects)
Date of Creation: begun 1669 CE
Materials: masonry, stone, wood, iron, and gold leaf, marble and bronze sculpture, gardens
Title/ Designation: The Palace at Versailles
Artist/ Culture: Versailles, France, Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart (architects)
Date of Creation: begun 1669 CE
Materials: masonry, stone, wood, iron, and gold leaf, marble and bronze sculpture, gardens
Title/ Designation: Fruit and Insects 
Artist/ Culture: Rachel Ruysch
Date of Creation: 1711 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Fruit and Insects
Artist/ Culture: Rachel Ruysch
Date of Creation: 1711 CE
Materials: Oil on wood
Title/ Designation: Allegory of Law and Grace
Artist/ Culture: Lucas Cranach the Elder
Date of Creation: c. 1530 CE
Materials: woodcut and letterpress
Title/ Designation: Allegory of Law and Grace
Artist/ Culture: Lucas Cranach the Elder
Date of Creation: c. 1530 CE
Materials: woodcut and letterpress
Title/ Designation: Chavín de Huántar
Artist/ Culture: Northern Highlands, Peru, Chavín
Date of Creation: 900-200 BCE
Materials: Stone (architectural complex); granite (Lanzón and sculpture); hammered gold alloy (jewelry)
Title/ Designation: Chavín de Huántar
Artist/ Culture: Northern Highlands, Peru, Chavín
Date of Creation: 900-200 BCE
Materials: Stone (architectural complex); granite (Lanzón and sculpture); hammered gold alloy (jewelry)
– plan
– Lanzón Stela
– Relief sculpture
– Nose ornament
Title/ Designation: Mesa Verde cliff dwellings
Artist/ Culture: Montezuma County, Colorado; Ancestral Puebloan (Anastazi)
Date of Creation: 450-1300 CE
Materials: Sandstone
Title/ Designation: Mesa Verde cliff dwellings
Artist/ Culture: Montezuma County, Colorado; Ancestral Puebloan (Anastazi)
Date of Creation: 450-1300 CE
Materials: Sandstone
Title/ Designation: Yaxchilán 
Artist/ Culture: Chiapas, Mexico, Maya
Date of Creation: 725 CE 
Materials: Limestone
Title/ Designation: Yaxchilán
Artist/ Culture: Chiapas, Mexico, Maya
Date of Creation: 725 CE
Materials: Limestone
– Lintel 25
– Structure 40
– Structure 33
Title/ Designation: Great Serpent Mound
Artist/ Culture: Adams County, southern Ohio, Missisippian (Eastern Woodlands) 
Date of Creation: c.1070 CE
Materials: earthword effigy mound
Title/ Designation: Great Serpent Mound
Artist/ Culture: Adams County, southern Ohio, Missisippian (Eastern Woodlands)
Date of Creation: c.1070 CE
Materials: earthword effigy mound
Title/ Designation: Lying with Wolf
Artist/ Culture: Kiki Smith, Global Contemporary
Date of Creation: 2001
Materials: Ink and pencil on paper
Title/ Designation: Lying with Wolf
Artist/ Culture: Kiki Smith, Global Contemporary
Date of Creation: 2001
Materials: Ink and pencil on paper
Title/ Designation: Angel with Arquebus, Asiel Timor Dei
Artist/ Culture: Master of Calamarca (La Paz School)
Date of Creation: c. 17th century CE 
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Angel with Arquebus, Asiel Timor Dei
Artist/ Culture: Master of Calamarca (La Paz School)
Date of Creation: c. 17th century CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Screen with the Siege of Belgrade and hunting scene 
Artist/ Culture: Circle of the Gonzalez Family 
Date of Creation: c. 1697-1701 CE 
Materials: Tempera and resin on wood, shell inlay
Title/ Designation: Screen with the Siege of Belgrade and hunting scene
Artist/ Culture: Circle of the Gonzalez Family
Date of Creation: c. 1697-1701 CE
Materials: Tempera and resin on wood, shell inlay
Title/ Designation: The Virgin of Guadalupe (Virgen de Guadalupe) 
Artist/ Culture: Miguel González
Date of Creation: c. 1698 CE, based on original Virgin of Guadalupe, Basilica of Guadaluoe, Mexico City, 16th Century CE
Materials: oil on canvas on wood, inlaid mother-of-pearl
Title/ Designation: The Virgin of Guadalupe (Virgen de Guadalupe)
Artist/ Culture: Miguel González
Date of Creation: c. 1698 CE, based on original Virgin of Guadalupe, Basilica of Guadaluoe, Mexico City, 16th Century CE
Materials: oil on canvas on wood, inlaid mother-of-pearl
Title/ Designation: Spaniard and Indian Produce a Mestizo
Artist/ Culture: attributed to Juan Rodríguez Juarez
Date of Creation: c. 1715 CE
Materials: Oil on Canvas
Title/ Designation: Spaniard and Indian Produce a Mestizo
Artist/ Culture: attributed to Juan Rodríguez Juarez
Date of Creation: c. 1715 CE
Materials: Oil on Canvas
Title/ Designation: Ruler's feather headdress (probably of Moctecuhzoma II) 
Artist/ Culture: Mexica (Aztec)
Date of Creation: 1428-1520 CE
Materials: feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold
Title/ Designation: Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Moctecuhzoma II)
Artist/ Culture: Mexica (Aztec)
Date of Creation: 1428-1520 CE
Materials: feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Main Temple
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec) 
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: stone
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Main Temple
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec)
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: stone
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Coyolaxayqui Stone
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec) 
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: volcanic stone
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Coyolaxayqui Stone
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec)
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: volcanic stone
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Olmec Style Mask
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec) 
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: jadeiite
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Olmec Style Mask
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec)
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: jadeiite
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Calendar Stone
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec) 
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: stone
Templo Mayor Components
Title/ Designation: Calendar Stone
Artist/ Culture: Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City, Mexico), Mexica (Aztec)
Date of Creation: 1375-1520 CE
Materials: stone
Title/ Designation: Frontispiece of Codex Mendoza
Artist/ Culture: viceroyalty of New Spain 
Date of Creation: c 1541-1542
Materials: ink and color on paper
Title/ Designation: Frontispiece of Codex Mendoza
Artist/ Culture: viceroyalty of New Spain
Date of Creation: c 1541-1542
Materials: ink and color on paper
City of Cusco Components
Title/ Designation: Qorikancha (Inka main temple)
Artist/ Culture: central highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1440 CE, convent added 1550-1650 CE
Materials: Andesite
City of Cusco Components
Title/ Designation: Qorikancha (Inka main temple)
Artist/ Culture: central highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1440 CE, convent added 1550-1650 CE
Materials: Andesite
City of Cusco Components
Title/ Designation: Santo Domingo (spanish colonial convent)
Artist/ Culture: central highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1440 CE, convent added 1550-1650 CE
Materials: Andesite
City of Cusco Components
Title/ Designation: Santo Domingo (spanish colonial convent)
Artist/ Culture: central highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1440 CE, convent added 1550-1650 CE
Materials: Andesite
City of Cusco Components
Title/ Designation: Saqsa Waman (Sacsayhuaman)
Artist/ Culture: central highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1440 CE, convent added 1550-1650 CE
Materials: Andesite
City of Cusco Components
Title/ Designation: Saqsa Waman (Sacsayhuaman)
Artist/ Culture: central highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1440 CE, convent added 1550-1650 CE
Materials: Andesite
Title/ Designation: Maize cobs
Artist/ Culture: Inka 
Date of Creation: c. 1440-1533 CE
Materials: sheet metal/ repossé, metal alloys
Title/ Designation: Maize cobs
Artist/ Culture: Inka
Date of Creation: c. 1440-1533 CE
Materials: sheet metal/ repossé, metal alloys
Title/ Designation: City of Machu Picchu (including the Observatory, and Intihuatana Stone)
Artist/ Culture: Central Highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1450-1540 C
Materials: granite
Title/ Designation: City of Machu Picchu (including the Observatory, and Intihuatana Stone)
Artist/ Culture: Central Highlands, Peru, Inka
Date of Creation: 1450-1540 C
Materials: granite
Title/ Designation: All- T'oqapu Tunic
Artist/ Culture: Inka
Date of Creation: 1450-1540 CE
Materials: Camelid fiber and cotton
Title/ Designation: All- T’oqapu Tunic
Artist/ Culture: Inka
Date of Creation: 1450-1540 CE
Materials: Camelid fiber and cotton
Title/ Designation: The Tête á Tête, from Marriage a la Mode
Artist/ Culture: William Hogarth
Date of Creation: c. 1743 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Tête á Tête, from Marriage a la Mode
Artist/ Culture: William Hogarth
Date of Creation: c. 1743 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
Artist/ Culture: Miguel Cabrera
Date of Creation: c. 1750 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
Artist/ Culture: Miguel Cabrera
Date of Creation: c. 1750 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery
Artist/ Culture: Joseph Wright of Derby
Date of Creation: c. 1763-1765 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery
Artist/ Culture: Joseph Wright of Derby
Date of Creation: c. 1763-1765 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Swing
Artist/ Culture: Jeane-Honoré Fragonard
Date of Creation: 1767 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Swing
Artist/ Culture: Jeane-Honoré Fragonard
Date of Creation: 1767 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Swing (after Fragonard)
Artist/ Culture: Yinka Shonibare
Date of Creation: 2001 CE
Materials: Mixed-media installation
Title/ Designation: The Swing (after Fragonard)
Artist/ Culture: Yinka Shonibare
Date of Creation: 2001 CE
Materials: Mixed-media installation
Title/ Designation: Liberty Leading the People
Artist/ Culture: Eugéne Delacroix
Date of Creation: 1830 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Liberty Leading the People
Artist/ Culture: Eugéne Delacroix
Date of Creation: 1830 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Monticello
Artist/ Culture: Virginia, US, Thomas Jefferson (architect)
Date of Creation: 1768-1809 CE
Materials: Brick, glass, stone, wood
Title/ Designation: Monticello
Artist/ Culture: Virginia, US, Thomas Jefferson (architect)
Date of Creation: 1768-1809 CE
Materials: Brick, glass, stone, wood
Title/ Designation: George Washington
Artist/ Culture: Jean-Antoine Houdon
Date of Creation: 1788-1792 CE
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: George Washington
Artist/ Culture: Jean-Antoine Houdon
Date of Creation: 1788-1792 CE
Materials: Marble
Title/ Designation: Self-Portrait
Artist/ Culture: Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Date of Creation: 1790 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Self-Portrait
Artist/ Culture: Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Date of Creation: 1790 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Oath of the Horatii
Artist/ Culture: Jacques-Louis David
Date of Creation: 1784 CE
Materials: Oil on canavs
Title/ Designation: Oath of the Horatii
Artist/ Culture: Jacques-Louis David
Date of Creation: 1784 CE
Materials: Oil on canavs
Title/ Designation: Y no hai remedio (And There's Nothing to Be Done) from Los Desastres de la Guerra (The Disasters of War, plate 15
Artist/ Culture: Francisco de Goya
Date of Creation: 1810-1823 CE (published 1863)
Materials etching, drypoint, burin, and burnishing
Title/ Designation: Y no hai remedio (And There’s Nothing to Be Done) from Los Desastres de la Guerra (The Disasters of War, plate 15
Artist/ Culture: Francisco de Goya
Date of Creation: 1810-1823 CE (published 1863)
Materials etching, drypoint, burin, and burnishing
Title/ Designation: La Grande Odalisque
Artist/ Culture: Jean-Aguste-Dominique Ingres
Date of Creation: 1814 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: La Grande Odalisque
Artist/ Culture: Jean-Aguste-Dominique Ingres
Date of Creation: 1814 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Oxbow (view from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts after a Thunderstorm)
Artist/ Culture: Thomas Cole 
Date of Creation:1836 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Oxbow (view from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts after a Thunderstorm)
Artist/ Culture: Thomas Cole
Date of Creation:1836 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Slave Ship (slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On) 
Artist/ Culture: Joseph Mallord William Turner
Date of Creation: 1840 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Slave Ship (slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On)
Artist/ Culture: Joseph Mallord William Turner
Date of Creation: 1840 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament)
Artist/ Culture: London, England, Charles Barry and Augustus W N Pugin (architects
Date of Creation: 1840-1870 CE
Materials: Limestone masonry and glass
Title/ Designation: Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament)
Artist/ Culture: London, England, Charles Barry and Augustus W N Pugin (architects
Date of Creation: 1840-1870 CE
Materials: Limestone masonry and glass
Title/ Designation: The Valley of Mexico from the Hillside of Santa Isabel (El Valle de México deade El Cerro de Stanta Isabel)
Artist/ Culture: Jose María Velasco
Date of Creation: 1882 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Valley of Mexico from the Hillside of Santa Isabel (El Valle de México deade El Cerro de Stanta Isabel)
Artist/ Culture: Jose María Velasco
Date of Creation: 1882 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Trade (Gifts for Trading Land with White People)
Artist/ Culture: Jaune Quick-to-See Smith
Date of Creation: 1992 CE
Materials: Oil and mixed media on canvas
Title/ Designation: Trade (Gifts for Trading Land with White People)
Artist/ Culture: Jaune Quick-to-See Smith
Date of Creation: 1992 CE
Materials: Oil and mixed media on canvas
Title/ Designation: Bandolier Bag
Artist/ Culture: Lanape (Delaware tribe, Eastern Woodlands)
Date of Creation: c. 1850 CE
Materials: Beadwork on leather
Title/ Designation: Bandolier Bag
Artist/ Culture: Lanape (Delaware tribe, Eastern Woodlands)
Date of Creation: c. 1850 CE
Materials: Beadwork on leather
Title/ Designation: Transformation Mask
Artist/ Culture: Kwakwaka'wakw, Northwest coast of Canada
Date of Creation: Late 19th Century CE
Materials: wood, paint, and string
Title/ Designation: Transformation Mask
Artist/ Culture: Kwakwaka’wakw, Northwest coast of Canada
Date of Creation: Late 19th Century CE
Materials: wood, paint, and string
Title/ Designation: Painted Elk Hide
Artist/ Culture: Attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody), Eastern Shoshone, Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
Date of Creation: c. 1890-1900 CE
Materials: painted elk hide
Title/ Designation: Painted Elk Hide
Artist/ Culture: Attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody), Eastern Shoshone, Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
Date of Creation: c. 1890-1900 CE
Materials: painted elk hide
Title/ Designation: Black-on-black ceramic vessel
Artist/ Culture: Maria Martínez and Julian Martínez, Tewa, Puebloan, San Idelfonso Pueblo, New Mexico
Date of Creation: c. mid-20th Century CE
Materials: Blackware ceramic
Title/ Designation: Black-on-black ceramic vessel
Artist/ Culture: Maria Martínez and Julian Martínez, Tewa, Puebloan, San Idelfonso Pueblo, New Mexico
Date of Creation: c. mid-20th Century CE
Materials: Blackware ceramic
Title/ Designation: The Stone Breakers
Artist/ Culture: Gustave Courbet
Date of Creation: 1849 CE (destroyed 1945)
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Stone Breakers
Artist/ Culture: Gustave Courbet
Date of Creation: 1849 CE (destroyed 1945)
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Olympia
Artist/ Culture: Édouard Manet
Date of Creation: 1863 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Olympia
Artist/ Culture: Édouard Manet
Date of Creation: 1863 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Saint-Lazare Station
Artist/ Culture: Claude Monet
Date of Creation: 1877 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Saint-Lazare Station
Artist/ Culture: Claude Monet
Date of Creation: 1877 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Still Life in Studio
Artist/ Culture: Louis-Mandé Daguerre
Date of Creation: 1837 CE
Materials: Daguerreotype
Title/ Designation: Still Life in Studio
Artist/ Culture: Louis-Mandé Daguerre
Date of Creation: 1837 CE
Materials: Daguerreotype
Title/ Designation: Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art
Artist/ Culture: Honoré Daumier
Date of Creation: 1862 CE
Materials: Lithograph
Title/ Designation: Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art
Artist/ Culture: Honoré Daumier
Date of Creation: 1862 CE
Materials: Lithograph
Title/ Designation: The Horse in Motion
Artist/ Culture: Edward Muybridge
Date of Creation: 1878 CE
Materials: Albumen print
Title/ Designation: The Horse in Motion
Artist/ Culture: Edward Muybridge
Date of Creation: 1878 CE
Materials: Albumen print
Title/ Designation: White and Red Plum Blossoms
Artist/ Culture: Ogata Korin
Date of Creation: c. 1710-1716 CE 
Materials: ink, watercolor, gold leaf on paper
Title/ Designation: White and Red Plum Blossoms
Artist/ Culture: Ogata Korin
Date of Creation: c. 1710-1716 CE
Materials: ink, watercolor, gold leaf on paper
Title/ Designation: Under the Wave of Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura) also known as the Great Wave, from the series of Thirty-six views of Mount Fuji
Artist/ Culture: Katsushika Hokusai
Date of Creation: 1830-1833 CE
Materials: Polychrome woodblock and prink; ink and color on paper
Title/ Designation: Under the Wave of Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura) also known as the Great Wave, from the series of Thirty-six views of Mount Fuji
Artist/ Culture: Katsushika Hokusai
Date of Creation: 1830-1833 CE
Materials: Polychrome woodblock and prink; ink and color on paper
Title/ Designation: Starry Night
Artist/ Culture: Vincent van Gogh
Date of Creation: 1889 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Starry Night
Artist/ Culture: Vincent van Gogh
Date of Creation: 1889 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Coiffure
Artist/ Culture: Mary Cassatt
Date of Creation: 1890-1891 CE
Materials: drypoint and aquatint
Title/ Designation: The Coiffure
Artist/ Culture: Mary Cassatt
Date of Creation: 1890-1891 CE
Materials: drypoint and aquatint
Title/ Designation: Lukasa (memory board)
Artist/ Culture: Mbudye Society, Luba peoples (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Date of Creation: 19th to 20th c. CE
Materials: wood, beads metal
Title/ Designation: Lukasa (memory board)
Artist/ Culture: Mbudye Society, Luba peoples (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Date of Creation: 19th to 20th c. CE
Materials: wood, beads metal
Title/ Designation: Conical Tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe
Artist/ Culture: Southeastern Zimbabwe, Shona peoples 
Date of Creation: c. 1000-1400 CE
Materials: coursed granite blocks
Title/ Designation: Conical Tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe
Artist/ Culture: Southeastern Zimbabwe, Shona peoples
Date of Creation: c. 1000-1400 CE
Materials: coursed granite blocks
Title/ Designation: Great Mosque of Djenné
Artist/ Culture: Mali 
Date of Creation: c. 1200 CE; rebuilt 1906-1907 
Materials: Adobe
Title/ Designation: Great Mosque of Djenné
Artist/ Culture: Mali
Date of Creation: c. 1200 CE; rebuilt 1906-1907
Materials: Adobe
Title/ Designation: Wall plaque, from Oba's palace 
Artist/ Culture: Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria) 
Date of Creation: 16th century CE 
Materials: cast brass
Title/ Designation: Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace
Artist/ Culture: Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria)
Date of Creation: 16th century CE
Materials: cast brass
Title/ Designation: Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool) 
Artist/ Culture: Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
Date of Creation: c. 1700 CE 
Materials: gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
Title/ Designation: Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)
Artist/ Culture: Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
Date of Creation: c. 1700 CE
Materials: gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
Title/ Designation: Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul 
Artist/ Culture: Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 
Date of Creation: c. 1760-1780 CE 
Materials: wood
Title/ Designation: Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul
Artist/ Culture: Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Date of Creation: c. 1760-1780 CE
Materials: wood
Title/ Designation: Verdana post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga) 
Artist/ Culture: Olowe of Ise (Yoruba peoples) 
Date of Creation: c. 1910-1914 CE
Materials: wood and pigment
Title/ Designation: Verdana post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga)
Artist/ Culture: Olowe of Ise (Yoruba peoples)
Date of Creation: c. 1910-1914 CE
Materials: wood and pigment
Title/ Designation: Ikenga (shrine figure)
Artist/ Culture: Igbo peoples (Nigeria) 
Date of Creation: c. 19th to 20th century CE 
Materials: wood
Title/ Designation: Ikenga (shrine figure)
Artist/ Culture: Igbo peoples (Nigeria)
Date of Creation: c. 19th to 20th century CE
Materials: wood
Title/ Designation: Female (Pwo) mask
Artist/ Culture: Chockwe peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 
Date of Creation: Late 19th to early 20th century CE 
Materials: Wood, fiber, pigment, and metal
Title/ Designation: Female (Pwo) mask
Artist/ Culture: Chockwe peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Date of Creation: Late 19th to early 20th century CE
Materials: Wood, fiber, pigment, and metal
Title/ Designation: Portrait mask (Mblo) 
Artist/ Culture: Baule peoples (Côte d'Ivoire)
Date of Creation: early 20th century CE
Materials: wood and pigment
Title/ Designation: Portrait mask (Mblo)
Artist/ Culture: Baule peoples (Côte d’Ivoire)
Date of Creation: early 20th century CE
Materials: wood and pigment
Title/ Designation: Bundu mask 
Artist/ Culture: Sande Society, Mende peoples (West African forests of Sierra Leone and Liberia) 
Date of Creation: 19th to 20th century CE 
Materials: Wood, cloth, and fiber
Title/ Designation: Bundu mask
Artist/ Culture: Sande Society, Mende peoples (West African forests of Sierra Leone and Liberia)
Date of Creation: 19th to 20th century CE
Materials: Wood, cloth, and fiber
Title/ Designation: Aka elephant mask 
Artist/ Culture: Bamileke (Cameroon, western grass fields region)
Date of Creation: c. 19th to 20th century CE 
Materials: wood, woven raffia, cloth, and beads
Title/ Designation: Aka elephant mask
Artist/ Culture: Bamileke (Cameroon, western grass fields region)
Date of Creation: c. 19th to 20th century CE
Materials: wood, woven raffia, cloth, and beads
Title/ Designation: Power figure (Nkisi n'kondi)
Artist/ Culture: Kongo peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 
Date of Creation: c. late 19th century CE
Materials: wood and metal
Title/ Designation: Power figure (Nkisi n’kondi)
Artist/ Culture: Kongo peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Date of Creation: c. late 19th century CE
Materials: wood and metal
Title/ Designation: Reliquary figure (byeri) 
Artist/ Culture: Fang peoples (southern Cameroon) 
Date of Creation: c. 19th to 20th century CE
Materials: Wood
Title/ Designation: Reliquary figure (byeri)
Artist/ Culture: Fang peoples (southern Cameroon)
Date of Creation: c. 19th to 20th century CE
Materials: Wood
Title/ Designation: Old Man's Cloth 
Artist/ Culture: El Anatsui
Date of Creation: 2003 CE 
Materials: Aluminum and copper wire
Title/ Designation: Old Man’s Cloth
Artist/ Culture: El Anatsui
Date of Creation: 2003 CE
Materials: Aluminum and copper wire
Title/ Designation: The Ambum Stone 
Artist/ Culture: Ambum Valley, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
Date of Creation: c. 1500 BCE 
Materials: Greywacke
MELANESIA
Title/ Designation: The Ambum Stone
Artist/ Culture: Ambum Valley, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
Date of Creation: c. 1500 BCE
Materials: Greywacke
MELANESIA
Title/ Designation: Terra cotta fragment
Artist/ Culture: Lapita, Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
Date of Creation: 1000 BCE 
Materials: Terra cotta (incised)
MELANESIA
Title/ Designation: Terra cotta fragment
Artist/ Culture: Lapita, Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
Date of Creation: 1000 BCE
Materials: Terra cotta (incised)
MELANESIA
Title/ Designation: Nan Madol
Artist/ Culture: Pohnpei, Micronesia, Saudeleur Dynasty 
Date of Creation: c. 700-1600 CE 
Materials: Balalt boulders and prismatic columns
Title/ Designation: Nan Madol
Artist/ Culture: Pohnpei, Micronesia, Saudeleur Dynasty
Date of Creation: c. 700-1600 CE
Materials: Balalt boulders and prismatic columns
Title/ Designation: Moai on platform (ahu)
Artist/ Culture: Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
Date of Creation: c. 1100-1600 CE 
Materials: Colcanic tuff figures on basalt base
Title/ Designation: Moai on platform (ahu)
Artist/ Culture: Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
Date of Creation: c. 1100-1600 CE
Materials: Colcanic tuff figures on basalt base
Title/ Designation: 'Ahu 'la (feather cape)
Artist/ Culture: Hawaiian 
Date of Creation: Late 18th century CE 
Materials: Feathers and fiber
Title/ Designation: ‘Ahu ‘la (feather cape)
Artist/ Culture: Hawaiian
Date of Creation: Late 18th century CE
Materials: Feathers and fiber
Title/ Designation: Staff god
Artist/ Culture: Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia 
Date of Creation: Late 18th to early 19th century 
Materials: Wood, tape, fiber, and feathers
Title/ Designation: Staff god
Artist/ Culture: Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia
Date of Creation: Late 18th to early 19th century
Materials: Wood, tape, fiber, and feathers
Title/ Designation: Female deity 
Artist/ Culture: Nukuoro, Micronesia 
Date of Creation: c. 18th to 19th century CE 
Materials: Wood
MICRONESIA
Title/ Designation: Female deity
Artist/ Culture: Nukuoro, Micronesia
Date of Creation: c. 18th to 19th century CE
Materials: Wood
MICRONESIA
Title/ Designation: Buk (mask)
Artist/ Culture: Torres Straight 
Date of Creation: Mid-to late 19th century CE
Materials: Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feather, and shell
Title/ Designation: Buk (mask)
Artist/ Culture: Torres Straight
Date of Creation: Mid-to late 19th century CE
Materials: Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feather, and shell
Title/ Designation: Hiapo (tapa)
Artist/ Culture: Niue 
Date of Creation: c. 1850-1900 CE
Materials: tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting
Title/ Designation: Hiapo (tapa)
Artist/ Culture: Niue
Date of Creation: c. 1850-1900 CE
Materials: tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting
Title/ Designation: Tamati Waka Nene 
Artist/ Culture: Gottfried Lindauer 
Date of Creation: 1890 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Tamati Waka Nene
Artist/ Culture: Gottfried Lindauer
Date of Creation: 1890 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Navigation chart
Artist/ Culture: Marshall Islands, Micronesia 
Date of Creation: 19th to early 20th century CE
Materials: Wood and fiber
MICRONESIA
Title/ Designation: Navigation chart
Artist/ Culture: Marshall Islands, Micronesia
Date of Creation: 19th to early 20th century CE
Materials: Wood and fiber
MICRONESIA
Title/ Designation: Malagan display and mask 
Artist/ Culture: New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea 
Date of Creation: c. 20th century CE 
Materials: wood, pigment, fiber, and shell
MELANESIA
Title/ Designation: Malagan display and mask
Artist/ Culture: New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
Date of Creation: c. 20th century CE
Materials: wood, pigment, fiber, and shell
MELANESIA
Title/ Designation: Presentation of the Fijian mats and tapa cloths to Queen Elizabeth II
Artist/ Culture: Fiji, Polynesia 
Date of Creation: 1953 CE
Materials: multimedia performance (costume; cosmetics, including scent; chant; movement and pandanus fiber/ hibiscus fiber mats), photographic documentation
Title/ Designation: Presentation of the Fijian mats and tapa cloths to Queen Elizabeth II
Artist/ Culture: Fiji, Polynesia
Date of Creation: 1953 CE
Materials: multimedia performance (costume; cosmetics, including scent; chant; movement and pandanus fiber/ hibiscus fiber mats), photographic documentation
Title/ Designation: Earth's Creation 
Artist/ Culture: Emily Kame Kngwarreye 
Date of Creation: 1994 CE 
Materials: Synthetic polymer paint on canvas
Title/ Designation: Earth’s Creation
Artist/ Culture: Emily Kame Kngwarreye
Date of Creation: 1994 CE
Materials: Synthetic polymer paint on canvas
Title/ Designation: Mont Sainte-Victoire 
Artist/ Culture: Paul Cézanne 
Date of Creation: 1902-1904
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Mont Sainte-Victoire
Artist/ Culture: Paul Cézanne
Date of Creation: 1902-1904
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Scream
Artist/ Culture: Edvard Munch 
Date of Creation: 1893 CE
Materials: Tempera and pastels on cardboard
Title/ Designation: The Scream
Artist/ Culture: Edvard Munch
Date of Creation: 1893 CE
Materials: Tempera and pastels on cardboard
Title/ Designation: Where do We Come From? What are We? Where Are We Going?
Artist/ Culture: Paul Gauguin
Date of Creation: 1897-1898 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Where do We Come From? What are We? Where Are We Going?
Artist/ Culture: Paul Gauguin
Date of Creation: 1897-1898 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Burghers of Calais 
Artist/ Culture: Auguste Rodin 
Date of Creation: 1884-1895
Materials: Bronze
Title/ Designation: The Burghers of Calais
Artist/ Culture: Auguste Rodin
Date of Creation: 1884-1895
Materials: Bronze
Title/ Designation: Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Artist/ Culture: Pablo Picasso 
Date of Creation: 1907 CE 
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Artist/ Culture: Pablo Picasso
Date of Creation: 1907 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Improvisation 28 (second version)
Artist/ Culture: Vassily Kandinsky 
Date of Creation: 1912 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Improvisation 28 (second version)
Artist/ Culture: Vassily Kandinsky
Date of Creation: 1912 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Portuguese 
Artist/ Culture: Georges Braque 
Date of Creation: 1911 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Portuguese
Artist/ Culture: Georges Braque
Date of Creation: 1911 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Goldfish
Artist/ Culture: Henri Matisse 
Date of Creation: 1912 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Goldfish
Artist/ Culture: Henri Matisse
Date of Creation: 1912 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Self-Portrait as a Soldier 
Artist/ Culture: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 
Date of Creation: 1915 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Self-Portrait as a Soldier
Artist/ Culture: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Date of Creation: 1915 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Kiss
Artist/ Culture: Gustave Klimt
Date of Creation: 1907-1908 CE
Materials: Oil and gold leaf on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Kiss
Artist/ Culture: Gustave Klimt
Date of Creation: 1907-1908 CE
Materials: Oil and gold leaf on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Kiss
Artist/ Culture: Constantine Brancusi
Date of Creation: Original 1907-1908 CE
Materials: stone
Title/ Designation: The Kiss
Artist/ Culture: Constantine Brancusi
Date of Creation: Original 1907-1908 CE
Materials: stone
Title/ Designation: Memorial Sheet for Karl Liebknecht
Artist/ Culture: Käthe Kollwitz 
Date of Creation: 1919-1920 CE
Materials: Woodcut
Title/ Designation: Memorial Sheet for Karl Liebknecht
Artist/ Culture: Käthe Kollwitz
Date of Creation: 1919-1920 CE
Materials: Woodcut
Title/ Designation: Fountain (second version) 
Artist/ Culture: Marcel Duchamp
Date of Creation: 1950 CE (original 1917)
Materials: readymade glazed sanitary china with black paint
Title/ Designation: Fountain (second version)
Artist/ Culture: Marcel Duchamp
Date of Creation: 1950 CE (original 1917)
Materials: readymade glazed sanitary china with black paint
Title/ Designation: Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow
Artist/ Culture: Piet Mondrian
Date of Creation: 1930 CE 
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow
Artist/ Culture: Piet Mondrian
Date of Creation: 1930 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Illustration from The Results of the First Five-Year Plan
Artist/ Culture: Varvara Stepanova
Date of Creation: 1932 CE
Materials: photomontage
Title/ Designation: Illustration from The Results of the First Five-Year Plan
Artist/ Culture: Varvara Stepanova
Date of Creation: 1932 CE
Materials: photomontage
Title/ Designation: Object (Le Déjeuner en fourrure) 
Artist/ Culture: Meret Oppenheim
Date of Creation: 1936 CE
Materials: fur-covered cup, saucer, and spoon
Title/ Designation: Object (Le Déjeuner en fourrure)
Artist/ Culture: Meret Oppenheim
Date of Creation: 1936 CE
Materials: fur-covered cup, saucer, and spoon
Title/ Designation: The Steerage 
Artist/ Culture: Alfred Stieglitz
Date of Creation: 1907 CE
Materials: Photogravure
Title/ Designation: The Steerage
Artist/ Culture: Alfred Stieglitz
Date of Creation: 1907 CE
Materials: Photogravure
Title/ Designation: The Two Fridas 
Artist/ Culture: Frida Kahlo 
Date of Creation: 1939 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Two Fridas
Artist/ Culture: Frida Kahlo
Date of Creation: 1939 CE
Materials: oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Museum of the Negro, Panel no. 49 
Artist/ Culture: Jacob Lawrence 
Date of Creation: 1940-1941 CE
Materials: Casein tempera on hardboard
Title/ Designation: The Museum of the Negro, Panel no. 49
Artist/ Culture: Jacob Lawrence
Date of Creation: 1940-1941 CE
Materials: Casein tempera on hardboard
Title/ Designation: The Jungle
Artist/ Culture: Wilfredo Lam
Date of Creation: 1943 CE 
Materials: Gouache on paper mounted on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Jungle
Artist/ Culture: Wilfredo Lam
Date of Creation: 1943 CE
Materials: Gouache on paper mounted on canvas
Title/ Designation: Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Park
Artist/ Culture: Diego Rivera 
Date of Creation: 1947-1948 CE
Materials: fresco
Title/ Designation: Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Park
Artist/ Culture: Diego Rivera
Date of Creation: 1947-1948 CE
Materials: fresco
Title/ Designation: Woman, I 
Artist/ Culture: Willem de Kooning 
Date of Creation: 1950-1952 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Woman, I
Artist/ Culture: Willem de Kooning
Date of Creation: 1950-1952 CE
Materials: Oil on canvas
Title/ Designation: Marilyn Diptych 
Artist/ Culture: Andy Warhol 
Date of Creation: 1962 CE
Materials: oil, acrylic, and silkscreen enamel on canvas
Title/ Designation: Marilyn Diptych
Artist/ Culture: Andy Warhol
Date of Creation: 1962 CE
Materials: oil, acrylic, and silkscreen enamel on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Bay
Artist/ Culture: Helen Frankenthaler 
Date of Creation: 1963 CE
Materials: Acrylic on canvas
Title/ Designation: The Bay
Artist/ Culture: Helen Frankenthaler
Date of Creation: 1963 CE
Materials: Acrylic on canvas
Title/ Designation: Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks 
Artist/ Culture: Cales Oldenburg 
Date of Creation: 1969-1974 CE
Materials: Cor-Ten steel, steel, aluminum, and cast resin; painted with polyurethane enamel
Title/ Designation: Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks
Artist/ Culture: Cales Oldenburg
Date of Creation: 1969-1974 CE
Materials: Cor-Ten steel, steel, aluminum, and cast resin; painted with polyurethane enamel
Title/ Designation: Spiral Jetty 
Artist/ Culture: Great Salt Lake, Utah, US, Robert Smithson
Date of Creation: 1970 CE
Materials: Earthwork: mud, precipitated salt crystals, rocks and water coil
Title/ Designation: Spiral Jetty
Artist/ Culture: Great Salt Lake, Utah, US, Robert Smithson
Date of Creation: 1970 CE
Materials: Earthwork: mud, precipitated salt crystals, rocks and water coil
Title/ Designation: Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company Building 
Artist/ Culture: Chicago, Illinois, US, Louis Sullivan (architect)
Date of Creation: 1899-1903 CE
Materials: iron, steel, glass, and terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company Building
Artist/ Culture: Chicago, Illinois, US, Louis Sullivan (architect)
Date of Creation: 1899-1903 CE
Materials: iron, steel, glass, and terra cotta
Title/ Designation: Villa Savoye 
Artist/ Culture: Poissy-sur-Seine, France, Le Corbusier (architect)
Date of Creation: 1929 CE
Materials: steel and reinforced concrete
Title/ Designation: Villa Savoye
Artist/ Culture: Poissy-sur-Seine, France, Le Corbusier (architect)
Date of Creation: 1929 CE
Materials: steel and reinforced concrete
Title/ Designation: Fallingwater
Artist/ Culture: Pennsylvania, US, Frank Lloyd Wright (architect)
Date of Creation: 1936-1939 CE
Materials: reinforced concrete, sandstone, steel, and glass
Title/ Designation: Fallingwater
Artist/ Culture: Pennsylvania, US, Frank Lloyd Wright (architect)
Date of Creation: 1936-1939 CE
Materials: reinforced concrete, sandstone, steel, and glass
Title/ Designation: Seagram Building
Artist/ Culture: New York City, US, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson (architects)
Date of Creation: 1954-1958 CE
Materials: steel frame with glass curtain wall and bronze
Title/ Designation: Seagram Building
Artist/ Culture: New York City, US, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson (architects)
Date of Creation: 1954-1958 CE
Materials: steel frame with glass curtain wall and bronze
Title/ Designation: House in New Castle County
Artist/ Culture: Delaware, US, Robert Venturi, John Rauch, and Denise Scott Brown (architects)
Date of Creation: 1978-1983 CE
Materials: wood frame and stucco
Title/ Designation: House in New Castle County
Artist/ Culture: Delaware, US, Robert Venturi, John Rauch, and Denise Scott Brown (architects)
Date of Creation: 1978-1983 CE
Materials: wood frame and stucco
Title/ Designation: Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Artist/ Culture: Spain, Frank Gehry (architect) 
Date of Creation: 1997 CE
Materials: Titanium, glass, and limestone
Title/ Designation: Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Artist/ Culture: Spain, Frank Gehry (architect)
Date of Creation: 1997 CE
Materials: Titanium, glass, and limestone
Title/ Designation: MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy, Zaha Hadid (architect)
Date of Creation: 2009 CE
Materials: glass, steel, and cement
Title/ Designation: MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts
Artist/ Culture: Rome, Italy, Zaha Hadid (architect)
Date of Creation: 2009 CE
Materials: glass, steel, and cement
Title/ Designation: Narcissus Garden
Artist/ Culture: Yayoi Kusama 
Date of Creation: original inspiration and performance 1966
Materials: mirror balls
Title/ Designation: Narcissus Garden
Artist/ Culture: Yayoi Kusama
Date of Creation: original inspiration and performance 1966
Materials: mirror balls
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Narcissus Garden