Anthropology Chapter 3

Ethnology vs. Ethnography
Ethnology is an analysis of a culture through a point of view and Ethnography is analysis of a culture through field work.
Traditional vs. Modern Ethnography
Traditional Ethnography took place on distant societies where little to no information was known about people and their culture. Modern Ethnography now focuses on documenting how cultures change.
Urgent Anthropology
Ethnographic research that documents endangered cultures; also known as salvage.
Acculturation Studies
Similar to Urgent Anthropology studies
Applied Anthropology
The use of anthropological methods and knowledge to solve practical problems in communities facing new challenges.
Culture at a distance studies (why important)
focusing on newspapers, photographs, literature, films to determine the national character of people inhabiting far away lands. Can be used for propaganda.
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Why is studies peasants important?
Because it the largest category of our species so far. Ex: farmers
Advocacy Anthropology
Research that is community based and politically involved.
Multi-sited Ethnography and its relation to globalization
The investigation and documentation of peoples and cultures embedded in the larger structure of a globalizing world.
Digital Ethnography
use of audio and visual technology to collect and analyze and represent ethnographic data.
Ethnography Fieldwork
Extended on location to gather research and in depth information on a societies costumes, beliefs.
Ethnohistory
The study of cultures of the recent past through oral histories, counts of explorers, missionaries, traders and analysis of records such as death records and archived materials.
Ethical methods for an Anthropologist
Researchers must do everything in their power to ensure that their research does not harm the safety, dignity, and privacy of the people they work and conduct research with.
3 Theoretical Perspectives of Anthropology
Idealist, materiaslist, structural-functionalist.