anthropology ch 4 kottak

Absolute dating
establishing dates in numbers or ranges of numbers
Anthropometry
measurement of human body parts and dimensions
Bone biology
study of bone as a biological tissue, including its genetics, cell structure, growth, development, decay, and patterns of movement
Dendrochronology
tree ring dating. A form of absolute dating
Excavation
recovering remains by digging through the cultural and natural stratigraphy of a site
Fossils
remains, traces, or impressions of ancient life
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Informed consent
agreement to take part in research after being fully informed about its purpose, nature, funding, procedures, and potential impact on them
Molecular anthropology
DNA comparisons used to determine evolutionary links and distances
Paleoanthropology
study of hominid, hominin, and human life through the fossil record
Paleontology
study of ancient life through the fossil record
Paleopathology
the study of disease and injury in skeletons from archaeological sites
Palynology
study of ancient plants and environments through pollen samples
Relative dating
establishing a time frame in relation to other strata or materials
Remote sensing
use of aerial photos and satellite images to locate sites on the ground
Stratigraphy
study of earth sediments deposited in demarcated layers
Systematic survey
provides regional perspective by gathering information on settlement patterns over a large are
Settlement pattern
the distribution of sites within a particular region
Taphonomy
study of the processes that affect the remains of dead animals. ex) scattering of bones by other animals