Anth-1510 Chapter 12

In northern Thailand, according to Katherine Bowie (as discussed in the text), men get involved in politics because
Politics is full of conflict, and it is better for strangers to the village (men) to be involved in conflicts
Forms of power preoccupied with bodies, both the bodies of citizens and the social body of the state itself is called
Biopower
Governmentality can best be understood as a way to
Manage individuals, goods, and wealth
In traditional Western thought, the prototype of power in human social relations is based on
Physical coercion
According to some Islamic scholars in France, a French civil marriage already meets the conditions for an Islamic marriage because
-Both French and Islamic marriages are contracts
-Both spouses must agree to the marriage
-The legal requirements imposed on spouses meet the Islamic goal of keeping the spouses together
Which of the following is a topic of interest to political anthropologists?
-The classification and evolution of political systems
-The structure and functions of political systems
-The modernization of formerly tribal societies
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During the last half of the twentieth century, the countries of ________ were the target of large waves of immigration from all over the world.
Europe
The German approach to multiculturalism is characterized by the promise to immigrants of
Work and legal protection but not citizenship
Transformative capacity is the text’s definition of
Power
According to the text, a central theme in multicultural debates within Europe is
Coming to terms with increasing numbers of Muslims living in countries where Christianity has historically been dominant
According to John Bowen, as discussed in the text, how are French legal scholars working to craft solutions to the challenges Muslim marriage practices present to French law?
They are making “practical exceptions” to the concept of public order
Which of the following is NOT a form of governmentality that overseas Chinese try to evade?
That of the corporation
According to James Scott, foot-dragging, desertion, pilfering, slander, arson, and sabotage are examples of
Everyday forms of peasant resistance
The actions taken by many contemporary nation-states to identify the level of terrorist threats, take action to stop them, and institute policies to minimize damage and disruption in the event of a terrorist attack would be considered examples of
Governmentality
The study of social power in human society is called
Political anthropology
A world view that justifies the social arrangements under which people live is called
Ideology
According to Gramsci, rulers who provide some genuine benefits to their subjects, spread an ideology that justifies their rule, and nevertheless succeed in protecting their privileges are exercising
Hegemony
The freedom of self-contained individuals to pursue their own interests above everything else and to challenge one another for dominance is known as
Free agency
According to Aihwa Ong, as quoted in the text, one way that wealthy overseas Chinese can avoid the governmentality of a nation-state is by
Moving to another country
According to James Scott, occasional arrests, warnings, legal restrictions, and indefinite preventive detention are examples of
Routine repression
According to Michael Woost, a development scheme was never implemented in the Sri Lankan village he studied because
Each local faction made what the others interpreted as unjust claims, blaming the lack of village unity on its opponents
The British approach to multiculturalism is characterized by the promise to immigrants of
Toleration in the exercise of their cultural differences as long as they do not disrupt law and order or expect to become British
Which of the following is a topic of interest to political anthropologists?
-The classification and evolution of political systems
-The structure and functions of political systems
-The modernization of formerly tribal societies
According to the text, the repeated resort of the Sri Lankan state to violent coercion against both Tamils and Sinhalese
Dominance without hegemony
Research by political anthropologists has led to a reconsideration of
-The political role of the state
-The political role of kinship
-Traditional Western notions about human nature
According to Gramsci, power based on physical force is called
Domination
The state of Freedonia is concerned by the threat posed by its increasingly warlike neighbor, Sylvania. After the latest census figures are considered, the Freedonian government realizes that it will need both more soldiers and more factory output of military materials. The government introduces laws to reward larger families with tax credits, reforms the educational system to increase the number of students in vocational training, and institutes a military draft. According to the text, the government of Freedonia is engaging in
Biopolitics
The art of governing appropriately to promote the welfare of populations within a state is the art of
Governmentality
According to Scott, the struggle between rich and poor villagers in Sedaka
-Was a struggle over work and property rights
-Was a struggle over how the past and present shall be understood and labeled
-Was a struggle over the appropriation of symbols
The French approach to multiculturalism is characterized by the promise to immigrants of
All the rights and privileges of native-born citizens as long as they adopt French culture and language