studying structural changes from conception to adulthood
the study of changes from conception to the end of the eighth week of development
the study of cellular structure
studies the anatomical structure of tissues
the study of structures that can be examined without the aid of a microscope; can be approached from either a systemic or a regional perspective.
studying one body system at a time
We will write a custom essay sample on
Any topic specifically for you
For only $13.90/page Order Now
studying all structures contained in a specific region
the study of the external form of the body and its relation to deeper structures
creating pictures of internal body structures
the scientific investigation of the processes or functions of living things
the basic components of the chemical level
atoms are joined together to form…?
basic unit of organisms
The cell level is composed of small structures called…?
composed of a group of similar cells and the materials surrounding them.
Four basic types: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous.
composed of two or more tissue types that perform one or more common function(s).
Organ System Level
composed of a group of organs that have a common function
in humans, a complex of organ systems are all mutually dependent on one another.
consists of all the chemical reactions taking place in an organism
snese changes in its external or internal enviroment and adjust to the changes
due to cells increasing in size or number
the changes an organism undergoes through time, beginning with fertilization and ending with death
when a cell changes from general to specific
body changes that occur at puberty
involves formation of new cells or new organisms
the existence and maintenance of a relatively constant environment within the body
Body conditions that change over time
The normal value for a body condition
body conditionsare not constant but vary within a … ?
any deviation from the set pint is made smaller or is resisted.
deviation from the set point; can change the value of a variable
establishes the set point; detects deviation
Monitors the value of a variable; analyzes deviation
a deviation from set point causes the system to make the deviation greater
a person is standing erect with the face directed forward, the upper limbs hanging to the sides, and the palms of the hands facing forward.
laying down on the back with face upward
laying down on the stomach with face downward
synonymous with superior
synonymous with inferior
the end of a structure neaarer to the poin of origin
the end of a structure farther from the point of origin
a structure closer to the midline of the body
a structure farther from the midline of the body
structures near the body surface
structures that are in the interior of the body
the body from the shoulder to the elbow
the body from the elbow to the wrist
the body from the hip to the knee
the body from the knee to the ankle
the vertical plane that divides the body into right and left portions
the vertical plane that divides the body int equal right and left halves
the plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
the vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
surrounded by the rib cage, and separated from the abdominal cavity by the muscular diaphragm.
median portion (thoracic cavity)
found on either side of the median portion
contains the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys.
contains the urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs.
the abdominal and pelvic cavities
found covering the organs of the trunk cavities and linint the trunk cavities
visceral serous membrane
covers the organ
perietal serous membrane
lines the organ
surrounds the heart
surrounds each lung
found within the abdominopelvic cavity
anchor the organs to the body wall and provide a pathway for nerves and blood vessels to reach the orgnas; composed of two layers of peritoneum fused together
organs that are directly attached to the body wall and covered only with a perietal peritoneum