Anatomy Learnsmart #1

organism
single complete individual capable of response to stimuli, reproduction, growth and development, and maintenance of homeostasis
anatomy
the study of body structures
criteria for a good hypothesis
-testable and falsifiable
-consistent with what is already known
dissection
process of carefully separating of tissues to reveal anatomical relationships
pathophysiology
subdiscipline of physiology that is concerned with the mechanisms of disease
benefits of a large sample size
-enables us to place greater confidence in the outcome
-controls for individual variation
-controls for chance events
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inductive method of study
process of drawing conclusions and making predictions from repeated observation
plasma membrane
structure that encloses a cell and controls the traffic of molecules in and out of the cell
atom
smallest particle of matter with unique chemical properties
gradient
difference in chemical concentration, electrical charge, physical pressure, temperature, or other variable between one point and another
word elements that modify the core meaning of the root
prefix and suffix
neurophysiology
physiology of the nervous system
endocrinologyy
physiology of hormones
comparative physiology
physiology of other animals
fact
information that can be independently verified by any trained person
histology
study of tissues or groups of cells and their surrounding extracellular materials
baroreceptors
type of receptor located in the heart, aortic arch, and carotid sinuses that trigger autonomic reflexes in response to fluctuations in blood pressure
differentiation
the process of transforming a cell with no specialized function into a cell with a specialized function
cytology
the study of cells
psychosomatic effects
effects of a subject’s state of mind on their physiology
peer review
method of evaluation of results by other experts in that field
auscultation
the act of listening to sounds made by the body
study of ultrastructure
study of structures within cellls
dynamic equilibrium
occurs when there is a set average point and conditions fluctuate around that point
percussion
tapping on a body surface then listening to the echo to diagnose health
radiology
branch of medicine that utilizes medical imaging technologies to explore the interior of the body
palpation
examination by feeling the body surface
eponyms
terms that identify the discoverer of a structure