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Anatomical Organization Review Sheet

Essay Topic: ,

Answer the following questions using pigs. 13-16 and various organ system chapters of your text. A. Which is lateral: the tall or fibula? Fibula b. Which Is more distal: the ankle or knee? Ankle c. Circle or underline the correct statement: 1. The heart is ventral to the spinal cord.

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The heart is dorsal to the spinal cord. 2. The head is superior to the leg. The head is inferior to the leg. 3. The scapula is dorsal to the heart. The scapula is ventral to the heart. 4. The cranium is superficial to the brain. The cranium is deep to the brain. 2. Answer the following questions sing pigs. 7-18: a. What are the 3 regions of the thoracic cavity? Superior meditations, pleural cavity, pericardia cavity within the meditations b. What organ is housed in the pleural cavity? Lung c. What organs are housed In the meditations? Heart, esophagi, trachea, d. What organ Is found In the pericardia cavity? Heart e. What muscle separates the abdominally cavity from the thoracic cavity? Diaphragm f. What are the two regions (or spectacles) of the abdominally cavity? Abdominal and pelvic g. What organs are found in the abdominal cavity? Stomach, intestines, spleen, liver, and others h.

What organs are housed in the pelvic cavity? Urinary bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum I. What organ is housed in the cranial cavity? Brain j. What is the viscera? Internal organs k. What is the peritoneum? Serous membrane lining the interior of the abdominal cavity covering the surface of abdominal organs l. What are the mesenteric? Double layer extensions of the peritoneum that support most organs in the abdominal cavity m. During surgery, the surgeon would encounter which layer first? 1. The visceral peritoneum or the parietal peritoneum (circle correct answer) 2. He stomach wall or he parietal peritoneum (circle correct answer) 3. The visceral pleura or the parietal pleura (circle correct answer)? 3. Answer the following using pig. 19. A. What organ(s) are housed in the orbital cavities? Eyes b. Synopsis cavities are found where? Within fibrous capsules that surround freely movable Joints of the body c. Now for a much harder question: Are the kidneys housed in a body cavity? If not, where are they specifically found? Yes, abdominal 4. Write the term each phrase describes. A. Extends from the stomach and drapes over the intestines. Greater momentum b.

Attaches the heart to the body cavity. Arose c. Covers the surface of the lungs. Serous membrane d. Covers the surface of the abdominal organs. Serous membrane e. The lubricating liquid In serous cavities. Serous fluid f. Extends between the superior part of the stomach and the liver lesser momentum. G. Attaches the small intestines to the posterior body wall intestinal mucosa . H. Spleen, adrenal glands, abdominal aorta, inferior even cave, stomach. 5. List the nine abdominally regions and the location of each. Umbilical region – conferment region deep to and surrounding the naval.

Epigenetic region – superior to the umbilical region Hypocrites region – inferior to the umbilical region Right and left iliac – lateral to the hypothermia region Right and left lumbar – lateral to the umbilical region Right and left hypochondriac regions – lateral to the epigenetic region 6. Name the quadrant(s) that the following organs predominately occupy: IRIS, LICK, RL, LLC. A. Liver rug b. Stomach lug c. Spleen rug e. Appendix RL d. Gall bladder rug f. Left kidney lug g. Uterus RL h. Pancreas RL 7. Write the anatomical terms that the phrase or word describes using pig. 14 and the chart on the website.

Phrases or words referring to nouns are indicated. All other harass refer to adjectives. A. Navel (noun). Umbilical b. Pertaining to the area between the neck and abdomen. Thoracic c. Pertaining to the palm of hand. Palmary d. Pertaining to the high point of the shoulder. Cranial e. Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow region. Electoral f. Pertaining to the neck. Cervical g. Pertaining to the posterior surface of the knee. Politely h. Wrist (noun). Carpal I. Pertaining to the area between the elbow and wrist. Interracial J. Back (noun). Dorsal k. Armpit area (noun). Auxiliary l. Pertaining to the mouth. Oral m.

Pertaining to the anterior surface of the knee. Tattler n. Breast bone (noun). Mammary o. Pertaining to the hip. Coal p. Pertaining to the side of the leg. Femoral q. Pertaining to the calf. Surreal r. Pertaining to the fingers or toes. Phalanges s. Pertaining to the cheek. Mental t. Pertaining to the heel. Cleaned u. Pertaining to the sole of the foot. Plantar v. Pertaining to the head. Chalice w. Pertaining to the foot. Metatarsal x. Pertaining to the eye. Orbital y. Pertaining to the genital area. Pubic z. Pertaining to the area between the hip and knee. Femoral b. Pertaining to the spinal column. Vertebral c.

Pertaining to the inferior back of the head. Capital ad. Pertaining to the anterior surface of the leg. Fibular e. Pertaining to the area of the lower back or loin. Sacral if. Pertaining to the area of the back that contains the shoulder blades. Scapular g. Pertaining to the posterior surface of the elbow region. Electoral h. Arm (noun). Brachia 8. Write the name of the plane that the phrase describes. A. Divides body or organ into unequal right and left sections. Modalities b. Divides body or organ into anterior and posterior sections. Frontal c. Divides body or organ into superior and inferior sections. Transverse d.

Divides body into right and left elves. Stagiest e. Which planes when passed through the body would result in two sections, with each section containing a piece of the heart and a piece of each lung? Oblique 9. Match each directional term on the left with the correct description on the right. _g_3. _J_6. Anterior lateral proximal inferior posterior medial distal superficial superior e_10. Deep a. To the side b. Away from a point of attachment c. Close to the body surface d. Front e. Away from the body surface f. Above, on top of toward a point of attachment g. H. Below, a lower level I. Back J. Toward the middle 10.