Treaty of Versailles
in 1919, a treaty ending World War I that required Germany to pay huge war reparations and established the League of Nations.
name given to the leaders of the Allied Powers who dominated the Paris Peace Conference in 1919.
President Woodrow Wilson organizing post-World War I Europe and for avoiding future wars.
bonds that American citizens bought that helped to pay for the costs of World War I.
Selective Service Act
In 1921, an act which required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register to be drafted into the armed forces.
a pledge Germany issued which included a promise not to sink merchant vessels “without warning and without saving human lives”.
small submarines named after the German word, unterserboot, which means “undersea boat”.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
King of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated by a Serb nationalist that started World War I.
widespread fear of communism.
citizen of another country living in the United States.
being sent back to one’s country of origin.
the amount of product made by a worker or machine.
a system of borrowing money from banks to make purchases, and then paying it back later with interest.
a federally owned piece of land in Wyoming; it was the center of a government scandal in 1921 when President Harding’s Secretary of the Interior accepted bribes in return for allowing oil companies to drill for oil there in 1921.
Charles A. Lindbergh
first man to do the first transatlantic flight.
people who smuggle liquor during Prohibition.
a blossoming of African American art and literature that began in the 1930s.
a nickname for the 1920s.
the most serve economic downturn in the history of the United States from 1929-1930s.
makeshift shantytowns that sprung up during the Great Depression; named for President Hoover.
Federal Reserve System
the nation’s central bank.
a period of very dry weather.
a nickname for the Great Plains regions hit by drought and dust storms in the early 1930s.
Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the day that the stock market crashed.
Buying On Margin
buying stocks with loans form brokers.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
the person who currently holds a public office.
conversational radio addresses given by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
a plan by President Franklin Roosevelt intended to bring economic relief, recovery, and reforms to the country after the Great Depression.
the lowest wage an employer can legally pay a worker.
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini
a German word meaning “lighting war”.
a system of government that focusses on the good of the state rather on the individual citizens.
German air force.
the top-secret program to build an atomic bomb during World War II.
the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War II.
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
giving in to the demands of uncompromising powers to avoid war.
Totalitarian dictator of Germany; his aggressive invasion of European countries lead to World War II. He believed in the supremacy of the German Aryan race and was responsible for the mass murder of millions of Jews and others in the Holocaust.
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
in 1938, a German word for broken glass; an event occurring on the nights of November 9 and 10 during Hitler’s Nazis encouraged Germans to riot against Jews, and nearly 100 Jews died.
a detention site created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and in some cases, kill civilians.
unit of African American pilots that fought in World War II; the first African Americans to receive training as pilots in the United States military.
an area where people from a specific ethic background live as a group.
in 1944, the codename for the Allied invasion of mainland Europe in World War II starting with D-Day’s landings.
a meeting on n1945, between Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.
an era of high tension and bitter rivalry known between the United States and the Soviet union following the end of World War II.
a dramatic rise in the birthrate following World War II.
policy that the United States adopted in the late 1940s to stop the spread of communism; it involved providing economic aid in order to strengthen countries against the Soviets.
plan proposed by President Truman that included a number of programs in the tradition of the New Deal; few of the fair deal ideas ever became law.
1947, president’s Truman pledge to provide economic and military aid to countries threatened by communism.
Act, 1944, that helped veterans make a smooth entry into civilian life by providing money for attending college or advanced job trainings.
International Monetary Fund
organization designed to encourage economic policies that promoted international trade.
a plan, 1947, for the reconstruction of Europe after World War II announced by the United States Secretary of State George C. Marshall.
the name critics gave to Joseph McCarthy’s tactic of spreading fear and making baseless charges.