American History Chapter 4

American Enlightenment
Influenced by the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century, the American Enlightenment emphasized the power of reason gained and applied it to human nature and society. The new intellectual culture in the Colonies stressed the importance of humanism and reason, removing the power of Church and placing more power in the hands of the individual, a mark of the modern age.
Education in New England
Mothers and fathers wanted their children to be able to read the bible and that was there first priority at school to.
Great Awakening
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
Deference
humble submission and respect
Slave Trade
European trade agreement with Africa dealing with slaves brought from Africa. Integral part of Triangle Trade between the Americas, Africa, and Europe.
Triangular Trade
A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.
Salutary Neglect
Throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the English government did not enforce those trade laws that most harmed the colonial economy. The purpose of salutary neglect was to ensure the loyalty of the colonists in the face of the French territorial and commercial threat in North America. The English ceased practicing salutary neglect following British victory in the French and Indian War.
Frence and Indian war
A conflict in North America where Britain defeated France and gained control of nothern (Canda) and eastern parts of N.A.
Queen anne’s war
(1702-1713), second of the four North American wars waged by the British and French between 1689 and 1763. The wars were the result of the worldwide maritime and colonial rivalry between Great Britain and France and their struggle for predominance on the European and North American continents; each of the wars fought in North America corresponded more or less to a war fought between the same powers in Europe.
King William’s War
Also known as the War of the league of Augsburg, it lasted from 1689-1697. It was the third time the major European powers crushed the expansionist plans of King Louis XIV of France.
Social System
System established by the 1935 Social Security Act to provide financial security, in the form of regular payments, to people who cannot support themselves.
Deluder Satan Law
basically, that Puritan children had to go to school to keep them away from Satan.
Salem Witchcraft Trials
trials in Salem Massachusetts in 1691, that led to the deaths of twenty people after young girls charged people with practicing witchcraft.
John Locke
This English philosophe argued that all men were born with natural rights and that a government’s purpose was to protect these rights
Jacques Rousseau
French philosopher who felt all people were born equal, but became corrupted by society. He opposed titles of nobility and felt the majority should rule.
Negro Act
south carolina state law that consolidated all of the seprate slave codes into a single code that forbade slaves from growing their own food, assembling in groups, or learning to read
Treaty of Paris 1763
Treaty between Britain, France, and Spain, which ended the Seven Years War (and the French and Indian War). France lost Canada, the land east of the Mississippi, some Caribbean islands and India to Britain. France also gave New Orleans and the land west of the Mississippi to Spain, to compensate it for ceeding Florida to the British.
Jonathan Edwards
A Congregationalist preacher of the Great Awakening who spoke of the fiery depths of hell.
George Whitfield
He was an Anglican minister with great oratorical skills. His emotion-charged sermons were a centerpiece of the Great Awakening in the American colonies in the 1740s.

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