the president’s use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public.
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials.
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or another primary candidate.
A belief that one can affect government policies.
Opposing a law considered unjust by peacefully disobeying it and accepting the resultant punishment.
a primary election in which voting is limited to already registered party members
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The alleged tendency of candidates to win more votes in an election because the presence at the top of the ticket of a better-known candidate, such as the president
The lowest federal courts; federal trials can be held only here.
People who have a disproportionate amount of some valued resource, like money or power.
Improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial.
A group with a distinct political interest.
Government authority shared by national and local governments.
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action on the bill.
The ability of members to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substitution their fasimile signature for postage.
Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts in bizarre or unusual shapes to favor one party.
An error in gathering evidence sufficiently minor that it may be used in a trail
the inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government.
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge
Process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence public policy.
A close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group.
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
An economic theory that government should not regulate or interfere with commerce.
A person still in office after he or she has lost a bid for reelection.
Courts created by Congress for specialized purposes whose judges do not enjoy the protections of Article III of the Constitution.
Writing that falsely injures another person.
Line item veto
An executive’s ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.
An examination of the political ideology of a nominated judge.
Words that imply a value judgment, used to persuade a reader without having made a serious argument.
Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so they are unequal in population.
Money or things valued in monetary terms.
A congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several important committees.
the doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state’s opinion, violates the Constitution.
A bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns.
A patterned and sustained way of thinking about how political and economic life ought to be carried out.
A more or less consistent set of beliefs about what policies government ought to pursue.
A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage.
An issue the Supreme Court will allow the executive and legislative branches decide
Process by which background traits influence one’s political views.
Censorship of publication.
A benefit that comes from serving a cause or principle.
The minimum number of members who must be present for business to be conducted in Congress.
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions.
The difference between the results of random samples taken at the same time.
Paying attention only to those news stories with which one already agrees.
Court cases that apply Bill of Rights to states
A congressional process by which a Speaker may send bill to a second commitee after the first is finished acting
A presidential document that reveals what the president thinks of a new law and how it ought to be enforced.
An expression of opinon either in the House or Seate to settle procedural matters in either body.
Funds obtained by political parties that are spent on party activities, such as get-out-to-vote drives, but not on behalf of a specific candidate.
The social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations
The rule that a citizen cannot sue the government without the government’s consent.
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
A legal rule stating who is authorized to start a lawsuit.
test, used by the Supreme Court in racial discrimination cases and other cases involving civil liberties and civil rights, which places the burden of proof on the government rather than on the challengers to show that the law in question is constitutional
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
A senator or representative who helps the partyleader stay informed about what partymembers are thinking.