America Land I Love Test 2

America’s colonial era
period from the founding of Jamestown to the outbreak of the War for Independence
Moravians
wrote the first classical music to be composed in America
New England
region least suited to agriculture because of long winters, short growing season, and rocky terrain
middle colonies
“bread colonies”–produced much grainz
blacksmiths
shod horses and made tools with iron
mercantilism
belief that the colonies existed solely for the good of the Mother Country. The colonies should supply English factories with raw materials
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frontier
sparsely populated area on the fringe of settlement
Cumberland Gap
natural pass through the mountains near the Virginia-Tennessee border
hornbook
paddle-shaped board with printed sheet of alphabet and scripture
New England Primer
most widely used textbook in colonial America
Philadelphia Academy
founded by Benjamin Franklin, now University of Pennsylvania
apprentices
boys placed under the authority ans care of a master craftsman to learn a trade
public libraries
encouraged to start by Benjamin Franklin to spread general knowledge
Poor Richard’s Almanac
book with meteorological info, proverbs, and advice with humor
Paul Revere
a skilled colonial silversmith
William Billings
traveled throughout New England conducting singing schools
Benjamin Banneker
built a clock made entirely of wood
Cotton Mather
Puritan who helped introduce the smallpox vaccine to America
royal colonies
colonies under the direct authority of the king
proprietary colonies
colonies granted by the king to individual owners
self-governing colonies
colonies granted charters to rule themselves
governor
chief executive officer of a colony
John and Charles Wesley
began the Methodist denomination
Great Awakening
revival in America in the mid-1700s
George Whitefield
Englishman who played an important role in the Great Awakening
Jonathan Edwards
colonial America’s foremost theologian
Jonathan Edwards
preached the sermon, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
George Whitefield
preached to crowds of up to 20,000
David Brainerd
best-known missionary to the Indians
French and Indian War
helped prepare to colonists for independence by uniting them to defend their homes
Virginia Rangers
local militia unit that George Washington belonged to
Fort Duquesne
English fort that the French captured and renamed
General Edward Braddock
led the British troops in the French and Indian War
fight “like an Indian”
using rocks and trees for cover during a fight
Seven Years’ War
another name for the French and Indian War
British defeated the French
outcome of final battle of French and Indian War on the Plains of Abraham
George III
king who planned to bring the colonies into subjection
Proclamation of 1763
made all previous land grants null and void
Proclamation of 1763
barred settlements in all lands west of the Appalachians
the Stamp Act
tax on all legal documents
the Quartering Act
required colonists to supply housing to British troops
Declaratory Act
declared that the colonies were “subordinate” to England