Agression, Nationalism and the World Wars

Which two countries were particularly hard hit by the Depression?
japan and germany
How did the Communists win the civil war in Russia after World War I?
leon trostsky and the red army
The German attack at Stalingrad was important because
turning point because it cut off fuel and supplies
The slogan repeated in fascist Italy was
II Duce is always right
The war at sea in the years 1914-1918
WWI, german subs against British fleet
Before the twentieth century, what was the only nation in which women had the right to vote?
new zeland
Despite Gandhi’s wealthy background, he
attracted poor followers
Nationalism in Europe led Europeans to view war as
a justifiable way to avenge the past
The British invasion of southern Africa was driven by the ambitions of
cecil rhodes
the elements in the Treaty of Versailles that angered Germany?
guilt clause, reparations, loss of land, limited military
Women during World War I?
worked in factories until after war
Indian nationalists during World War I supported Britain enthusiastically and
hoped to gain their independence
The russian tsar abdicated
his throne during March Revolution (March 15, 1917)
free-trade imperialism in Latin America meant
economic dependence on european powers
Gandhi protested British violence and policies by
nonviolent means, passive resistance
during World War I, African Americans in the United States
migrated in large numbers to the south, served in calvary
Despite the Stalinist terror, Soviet women
entered jobs and enjoyed freedoms they had never had before
Until the 1870s, Africans ruled 90% of Africa, however within a decade
europeans invaded and divided africa
When Lenin died in 1924, the struggle for power of the Soviet Union resulted in the
stalins coming to power
After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following the First World War, the modern Turkish state
instituted many progressive reforms, but tried to hold on to traditions
the British wanted to expand to Southern Africa because of
gold and diamonds
In the early twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was referred to as the
sick man of europe
Joseph Stalin’s goal was to
turn the USSR into an industrial nation
The influenza epidemic of 1918, 1919
killed 20 million people
The new social sciences in the 1920s were unsettling because they
challenged victorian morality, and middle class values
a technological advance of the late nineteenth century was
machine guns, qunine, breechloading rifle, smokless powder
the ottoman Turks signed a secret alliance with
germany hoping to gain russian territory
a new and potent defensive weapon in World War I was
machine gun
Eventually, Japanese leaders realized that the war with China
was a drain on Japanese resources
The United States purchased the Philippines after the Spanish-American War in large part to
to keep other colonial powers out
The stock market crash of 1929 turned into
the deepest most widespread depression in World History
Lenin’s plan for Russia included
land to peasants, get russia out of WWII, all power to soviets, turn factories to workers
on December 7, 1941
pearl habor
The United States finally entered WWII
alliances with great britian and france, pearl harbor
Gandhi’s “unusual” political ideas included
political ideas, passive resistance actions
the prime motivation for the Japanese invasion of Southeast Asia was
abundant oil and rubber production
In the Soviet Union there was a post war economic recovery followed by
growing inefficency that created shortages on goods and foods
In 1947 India and Pakistan went to war over the
the northwest state of Kashmire
When Indians defied the British and developed a steel industry, it
inspired national pride and desire for self-rule
Hitler’s goal for Germany was
repeal treaty of versile, territory for germans, get rid of jews, wanted poland so russia couldnt have it
There was a small European population in Africa; however,
made a a deep social impact
scientific and technological innovations spurred by World War II included
radar, antibiotics, nuclear weapons, sonar, aircraft carriers, fighter planes, jet engines, tanks, synthetic rubber
The key to victory in the Pacific ocean was
us aircraft carrier
Hitlers popularity came in large part from the German peoples belief that
economic well-being outweighed personal freedom
nations became independent at the end of World War II primarily because of
liberation of colonies
as India prepared for independence, the most serious problem was the
struggle between the Hindus and Muslims
one of the most significant long-lasting consequences of World War II in the United States was the
recruitment of women and minorities into the work force
the Indian Civil Service was considered one of the most (blank) bureaucracies of all time.
honest
Nazis in the interest of “racial purity,” targeted which group of people?
Jews, gipsy’s, Catholics, Armenians, homosexuals, poles, mentally challenged
if the allies had agreed sooner to allow the Japanese to retain the emperor
the war might have ended without the use of atomic bombs
the main cause of environmental stress during WWII was
economic development that sustained the fighting by stripping the resources
name control mechanisms of Mussolini over the Italian people.
crushed political oppositions, censorship, factories under government control, employees were subject to employers, and no more unions
South African government used policies of racial segregation called
apartheid
Hitler’s “master race” reserved intense hatred for
jews
in the early years of World War II, the Soviet Union invaded which countries?
poland and the baltic states
World War II was most important for African independence movements because
many africans served in allied armies and learned many liberal and military ideas
before World War II, African nationalist movements were
small and of little influence
despite the fact that Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles
neither Britain nor France tried to stop him
the final defeat of Japan took longer than victory over Germany in large part because
US had concentrated its efforts on germany
Technological innovation after World War II
increased political power, brought about industrial innovations, intensified environmental distruction, increased production, changed the way people worked, lived and played.
in 1935 Mussolini invaded Ethiopia by taking advantage of democratic weakness.