Adolescent Psychology 3

Social Redefinition
The process through which an individual’s position or status is redefined by society
Age of Majority
The designated age at which an individual is considered an adult
Inventionists
Theorists who argue that the period of adolescence is mainly a social invention
Child Protectionists
Individuals who argued, early in the 20th century, that adolescents needed to be kept out of the work force in order to protect them from the hazards of the workplace
Teenager
A term popularized about 50 years ago to refer to young people; it connoted a more frivolous and lighthearted image that did “adolescent”
Youth
Today, a term used to refer to individuals ages 18-22; it once referred to individuals ages 12-24
Initiation Ceremony
The formal induction of a young person into adulthood
Status Offense
A violation of the law that pertains to minors but not adults
Juvenile Justice System
A separate system of courts and related institutions developed to handle juvenile crime and delinquency
Criminal Justice System
The system of courts and related institutions developed to handle adult crime
Cohort
A group of individuals born during the same general historical era
Extrusion
The practice of separating children from their parents and requiring them to sleep in other households. Part of the process of social redefinition at adolescence in many societies
Brother-Sister Avoidance
The avoidance of any contact or interaction between brothers and sisters from the onset of puberty until one or both persons becomes married, part of the process of social redefinition at adolescence in many societies
Scarification
The intentional creation of scars on some part or parts of the body, often done as part of an initiation ceremony
Marginal Man
Lewin’s term that refers to the transitional nature of adolescence-poised on the margin of adulthood
Circumcision
surgical removal of all or part of the foreskin of the penis
Baby Boom
the period following WWII when the number of newborn babies was uncommonly large
Continuous Transitions
Passages into adulthood in which adult roles and statuses are entered into gradually
Discontinuous Transitions
Passages into adulthood in which adult roles and statuses are entered into abruptly
Youth Apprenticeship
A structured work-based learning experience that places an adolescent under the supervision of a skilled adult
Collective Efficacy
A community’s Social capital, derived from its members’ common values and goals