There are many common types of medication used in a care setting. These include Quinapril, Donepezil, Warfarin, Trazodone, Metformin , Paracetamol and Asprin. These all have different effects and side effects, listed below.
Quinapril : This medication is used to treat high blood pressure. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly and the heart can pump more efficiently. With this medication individuals may experience many different side effects. These include: Dizziness, tiredness, cough, upset stomach or vomiting. More severe side effects include: swelling of the face, eyes, hands, feet or ankles, difficulty breathing/ swallowing, yellowing of the skin or eyes, chest pain or fainting.
Donepezil: This type of medication is an anti- alzheimers drug, used to treat dementia. It improves mental function, such as memory and language abilities. It also allows the individual to perform activities of daily living. Donepezil cannot cure Alzheimers disease but may slow the loss of mental abilities. Potential side effects of this medication include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, weight loss, muscle pain, headache, dizziness, depression, changes in behaviour, red, itchy skin and abnormal dreams. Some more serious side effects include: fainting, lower back pain, red blood in stools, fever, slow heart beat and bloody vomit.
Warfarin: This medication is used to prevent blood clots forming or growing larger in the blood and blood vessels. It works by thinning the blood, decreasing the clotting ability of the blood. Potential side effects include: gas, abdominal pain, bloating, change in the way things taste, loss of hair and feeling cold or having chills. More severe side effects include: hives, itching, chest pain/ pressure, infection, nausea and flu like symptoms.
Trazodone: This medication is used to treat a variety of mental health problems. It works by increasing the activity and levels of certain chemicals in the brain which can improve symptoms of depression and anxiety. Potential side effects include: appetite gain, back pain, aggressive behaviour, blurred vision, blocked nose, chest pain, constipation, dry mouth, dizziness, headaches, itching, joint pain, memory problems, nightmares, tiredness, vomiting and weight loss.
Metformin: This type of medication is used to control diabetes. It works by keeping the blood sugar levels under control. Potential side effects may include: nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite and taste changes. Less common side effects include: breathing difficulties, muscle cramps, liver problems and skin problems such as itching or urticaria.
Paracetamol: This medication is used to ease mild to moderate pain such as headaches, sprains, toothache or the symptoms of a cold. It can also be used to treat a fever. Potential side effects can include: rashes, low blood pressure and liver and kidney damage.
Asprin: This type of medication is an anti-platelet medicine, meaning it reduces the risk of clots forming in the blood, reducing the risk of a stroke or heart attack. Potential side effects include: nausea, bowel or stomach irritation and indigestion. Less common side effects may include: bruising, skin rash, vomiting and breathing problems.
Insulin is a medication which demands the measurement of specific physiological measurements. This is because there is naturally occurring insulin in the body which needs to be checked at regular intervals to ensure the right level is being prescribed.
Warfarin is another medication which needs to be monitered, in order for the correct levels to be prescribed. This is carried out using the international normalisation ratio (INR) which measures how long it takes for blood to clot. This test may be carried out once or twice a week depending on the results.