9th grade World history – Chapter 1 / Section 1

prehistory
the period of history before writing was invented
historian
scholars who study and write about the historical past
artifact
objects made by humans
anthropology
the study of humans and their societies
culture
the way of life of a society
archaeology
the study of past people and cultures
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technology
skills or tools people use to meet their basic needs and wants
What does an archaeologist study?
human bones and cultures
What type of artifacts do historians study?
clothing, coins, artwork and tombstones
What did Donald Johanson discover?
many pieces of a hominid skeleton
What kind of evidence do historians use to study the past?
artifacts, written, photographs, and film
Types of scholars who study the past
historians, archaeologists and anthropologists