The same ______ can have many versions.
a piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell to make a certain protein
any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a specific locus
describes two of the same alleles at a specific location; alleles are identical to each other
describes two different alleles at a specific location; alleles are different from each other
all of an organism’s genetic material
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typically refers to the genetic makeup of a specific set of genes
the physical characteristics, or traits of an individual organism
is the allele that is expressed when two different alleles or two dominant alleles are present
is the allele that is only expressed when two copies of are present
capital letter (P)
lower case letter (p)
Genes influence the development of ___________.
a specific position on a pair of homologous chromosomes
Each parent donates ______ allele for every gene.
Alleles can be represented by using _________.
Most traits occur in a range and do not follow simple _________ __________ patterns.
Human Genome Project
a 13-year effort coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health
Goals For HGP
identify, determine, store, improve, transfer, and address the information about the genomes and genes
Your cells have ______ alleles for each gene