5th Grade Civil War Test Study Guide

First Battle of the Civil War
Fort Sumter
Happened in Virginia
A revolt led by abolitionist John Brown
John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry
Led by Sherman
The goal was to destroy Atlanta because it was the center of goods and trade in the south.
Atlanta Campaign
This was the turning point in the war where the union stopped the confederates.
Led by General Sherman
He destroyed everything in his path from Tennessee to North Carolina
Sherman’s March to the Sea
He was president during the civil war and wanted to end slavery.
Abraham Lincoln
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President of the Confederacy
Jefferson Davis
Confederate General
He surrendered at Appomattox Court House to end the war.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate General who became famous during the Battle at Bull Run.
Stonewall Jackson
Union General
He became the 18th President of the United States.
Ulysses S Grant
She was the leader of the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Tubman
Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
A slave who took his case for freedom to the Supreme Court.
Dred Scott
What type of Economy did the North have? How is that different from the south?
The North had an Industrial Economy and the South had an Agricultural Economy.
The North wanted to abolish slavery and the South wanted to allow slavery.
What was the difference in the North and South’s views on Slavery?
How did the North and South differ in their views on government?
The North believed in a strong federal government and the South believed in States’ rights.
Who won the civil war? Why?
The Union won because they had more soldiers, better weapons, more supplies, more money, better leaders and organization.
Why did the losing side lose?
The Confederates lost because they had fewer men and resources than the North. They also were fighting for individual states instead of a country.
What advantage did the North have?
The North had lots of weapons (built in their factories), more soldiers, more supplies, and more railroads.
Where were the five battles you have learned about fought?
1. Fort Sumter- South Carolina
2. Atlanta Campaign – Atlanta
3. Sherman’s March to the Sea – From Atlanta to Savannah
4. Gettysburg – Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
5. Appottomax Court House – Appottomax, Virginia
Who was the president of the Confederacy?
Jefferson Davis
What were the three main causes of the Civil War?
1. Slavery
2. states rights
What happened at Appomattox Courthouse and in what year?
General Lee surrendered to General Grant in 1865.
What is total war and who used it?
Total war is a battle strategy General Sherman used to destroy everything in his path from Atlanta to Savannah. He used it in Sherman’s March to the Sea.
Which battle is known as the turning point of the Civil War?
Who was the main General of the South?
General Lee
How did tariffs help the North during the Civil War?
If forced people to buy from local factories. They did not have to import or export as much because they had their own goods.
What was Uncle Tom’s Cabin?
A book about the cruelty of slavery. The author wrote it to convince people that slavery was bad.
Who was the main General of the North?
General Grant
Why was the South in favor of slavery?
They used slave labor on plantations for farming and picking cotton.
Why did the Confederates start to weaken?
No food, total war, lost lives
What was General Sherman’s strategy for the March to the Sea from Atlanta to Savannah?
Total war
Why did the southern states leave the union in 1861?
They felt that they did not have states rights. They weren’t able to make their own laws such as having slavery.
What is a tariff?
A government tax on imported goods.
What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
It was a proclamation that freed slave.
Who was John Brown?
He was an abolitionist that led a raid at a storage facility in Harper’s Ferry Virginia.
Battle of Fort Sumter
This was the first of battle of the Civil War.
To get rid of
States Rights
The belief that individual states should have more rights than the federal government.
To break away from a political union
Battle of Gettysburg
The bloodiest battle of the Civil War and the turning point for the North.
Atlanta Campaign
Union troops led a destructive march from Tennessee to Atlanta in 1864.
Appomattox Court House
Where the Civil War ended in 1865
Sherman’s March to the Sea
A destructive march by the Union troops from Atlanta to Savannah in 1864.
What was President Lincoln’s ultimate goal for the Civil War?
To bring the Union back together.